Dr. Rada Trajkovic, Dr Bernard Kouchner, Fr. Sava
Janjic, Bishop Artemije Radosavljevic
UNMIK-SNC UNDERSTANDING ON THE PARTICIPATION OF THE SNC IN THE JIAS
29 June 2000
undersigned agree that the cooperation between the SNC and UNMIK and
the participation of Serb representatives in the JIAS institutions as
observers for another three months period will be based on the following
understanding that foresees concrete steps that have to be taken to
ensure freedom, security and the fundamental human rights of the Serb
community in Kosovo.
1. UNMIK shall develop a Special Security Task Force as part of UNMIK
Police, which in cooperation with KFOR shall take special measures,
including the development of a "neighborhood watch" system,
the protection and freedom of movement of the Serb community in Kosovo.
2. UNMIK shall intensify its efforts to recruit, train and deploy in
Serb areas a greater number of Kosovo Serb members of the Kosovo Police
Service. SNC shall help to identify qualified candidates.
3. UNMIK shall appoint one international prosecutor and two
international judges in each District Court across Kosovo and expedite
the judicial proceedings against those arrested for inter-ethnic crimes,
including the establishment of a war and ethnic crimes court composed
international and Kosovo judges. SNC shall help to identify qualified
Serb candidates for judges in the District Courts and the war and ethnic
4. UNMIK with the assistance of the Joint Committee for Returns in which
the SNC is a full member shall proceed speedily in the implementation
of specific projects for safe and orderly returns of Serbs back to their
homes in Kosovo.
5. UNMIK shall actively continue to work on finding and freeing of all
missing persons in Kosovo. The issue of ethnic Albanian prisoners in
Serbian prisons as well as the issue of kidnapped Serbs will be treated
as problems of the same priority.
6. UNMIK shall complete the implementation of the "Agenda for
Coexistence" that foresees the establishment of up to twenty Local
Community Offices in Serb areas ensuring the delivery of essential
public services to the Kosovo Serb population.
7. UNMIK shall establish a Working Group composed of experts of all
kosovo.netmunities to provide advice and contribute in the preparation
of a mechanism for Community Protection in Kosovo as a part of the
process to develop the legal framework for self-government in Kosovo.
8. UNMIK shall establish with the SNC a special joint committee on
protection of the Serbian religious and cultural heritage in Kosovo.
the SNC Bishop Artemije
For UNMIK Dr Bernard Kouchner
INTERNATIONAL PRESS ARTICLES:
- Bishop says deal good for Kosovo Serbs
June 30 (UPI) -- Bishop Artemije, who
has signed an agreement on improved security for Kosovo Serbs and their
speedy repatriation to the province with the chief United Nations
administrator, says he thrashed out all its points with the American
government and believes the deal clears the way for fruitful cooperation.
The bishop, who is president of the Serbian national council
in Kosovo, and the U.N. administrator Bernard Kouchner signed the
eight-point agreement in Pristina on Thursday.
The agreement is the first written document under which the
U.N. mission in Kosovo pledges to improve the living conditions for
Serbs in Kosovo. It should secure the return of SNC representatives
international administrative bodies and provide for a special security
force to protect the Serbs against violence by revenge-taking ethnic
Albanians and make possible their maximum freedom of movement.
The agreement should also provide for increased Serb presence
in Kosovo police forces, the appointment of international judicial
officers to deal with inter-ethnic crimes and protection for the Serbian
religious and cultural heritage in the province.
A joint working group will be set up under the agreement to
work out a legal framework for Kosovo's self-government.
Kouchner has recently said he would like to see a return to a
variant of the constitution that the late Yugoslav President Tito
introduced in 1974. It gave Kosovo a large measure of autonomy in Serbia
and Yugoslavia and was favored by the Albanians until last year's war
over Kosovo. Their leaders now opt exclusively for independence.
"We are quite determined to do everything to improve the
degree of security for all ethnic communities in Kosovo, most of all,
naturally, for the Serbian community," Kouchner was quoted by the
Belgrade newspaper Blic Friday as saying after the signing ceremony.
"However, we need the good will of all communities, including
the Albanian, in order to be able to implement this important agreement,"
Bishop Artemije reportedly said, "I believe that if the
agreement is carried into practice this would lead to further cooperation
and that the situation for the Kosovo Serbs will be better. We considered
all points of the agreement with the American administration so that
believe there will be no serious problems in the continuation of this
The bishop's spokesman, Father Sava Janjic was reported to
have said that the agreement carries weight because its guarantor is
Kouchner. He specified that State Department experts had taken part
drafting the document.
Serb observers left the U.N. interim administrative and
advisory councils four weeks ago in protest against UNMIK's failure
stop the persistent murders and abductions of Kosovo Serbs and its
tardiness in arranging for speedy repatriation of displaced Serbs and
other non-Albanians to the province. The Serbs claim that between
hundreds of thousands compatriots have been expelled from Kosovo since
the arrival of the NATO-led peacekeeping force last June. UNMIK estimates
that some 100,000 Serbs left together with the withdrawing Yugoslav
BBC World Service
Thursday, 29 June, 2000, 12:34 GMT 13:34 UK
moves to safeguard Kosovo's Serbs
The United Nations
mission in Kosovo has announced
measures aimed at improving the safety of Serbs in the
They're part of
an agreement designed to ensure Serb
participation in the UN's power-sharing administration.
They include provisions
for a so-called Neighbourhood
Watch scheme - where Serbs can help safeguard each
other - and the recruitment of more international judges
and prosecutors for every district court across Kosovo.
Other measures include getting more Serbs into
Kosovo's police force and steps to ensure that Serbs get
essential public services. The UN says the new
measures are designed to cement relations with a
community that's been under siege for over a year.
Kosovo's Albanian leaders have yet to give their
Kosovo Serbs sign deal with UN mission to increase security
June 29 (AFP) - Kosovo Serb leaders on
Thursday signed a memorandum of understanding with the province's UN
mission (UNMIK) to increase security for the Serbian minority after
a recent upsurge in violence.
The deal was a condition for the Serb Nation Council's (SNV)
continued participation in the UN's joint administration, which they
shunned for three weeks this month in protest at a spate of
The text signed Thursday anticipates setting up a special
security task force as part of the UNMIK police, which will tackle
organised crime and which the Serbs say will also hit "ethnic
It will also push for the recruitment of Serbs into the local
Kosovo Police Service, the force being developed by the UN but which
has so far recruited mainly ethnic Albanians, who make up the vast
majority of Kosovo's population.
The document, signed by UNMIK head Bernard Kouchner and SNV
leader Bishop Artemije Radosavlejvic, also pledges one international
prosecutor and two international judges in each district court to
counter persistant claims of ethnic bias in the legal system.
It allows for increased efforts for the return of hundreds of
thousands of Serb refugees, to locate missing persons in Kosovo
after frequent unsolved kidnappings and to establish a committee to
protect Serbian churches and monuments.
"I believe that after the signing of this document the situation
of the Kosovo Serbs will be better than it is now," said Bishop
Kouchner called on all communities, but espcecially the ethnic
Albanians, to contribute to solving the violence on the Yugoslav
While stopping short of endorsing Serb claims that the
widepsread violence is "ethnic Albnian terrorism," Kouchner
believed that it was "sometimes organised, but not only by one
He blamed both ethnic Albanian and Serb extremists for trying to
derail the progress of peace, but said real reconciliation was still
a long way off.
Kosovo Serbs split despite agreement
on cooperation with UN
Yugoslavia, June 30 (AFP) - In spite of a
new accord with the United Nations on enhancing security for the
Serb minority in the province, Kosovo Serb leaders remain split over
cooperation with international officials.
As the Serb National Council (SNV) led by Bishop Artemije signed
a memorandum of understanding with Kosovo UN mission (UNMIK)
Thursday, other Serb politicians questioned the SNV's right to
represent the province's Serb population.
Observers warned that differences among Kosovo Serb politicians
could mean them ending up an ineffectual opposition in the Serb
province, where the overwhelming majority is ethnic Albanian.
One analyst compared them to the political opposition to
President Slobodan Milosevic in the centre of Serbian power in
"If Kosovo Serbs fail to overcome their personal rivalries and
political differences, they will face the same destiny as the
opposition in Serbia, which for years has failed to establish a
serious threat to Milosevic," he said.
The Thursday deal was a condition for continued SNV
participation in the UN's joint administration, which the SNV
shunned for three weeks this month in protest at an upsurge in
The text foresees a special security task force as part of UNMIK
police to tackle organised crime and what Serbs call "ethnic
But other Serb politicians questioned the SNV's right to
represent the province's Serb population.
The most suprising move came from veteran Kosovo Serb leader
Momcilo Trajkovic, who helped to set up the SNV last year.
Trajkovic, for several years seen as the strongest Milosevic
opponent in Kosovo, split with Artemije over participation in the
UN-sponsored transitional administration council.
He lashed out at the UN administrator for Kosovo, Bernard
Kouchner, accusing him of failing to provide essential assistance to
Serbs, who have become regular victims of ethnic violence.
"Of course we are for cooperation, but the international
community, especially Kouchner's policy, has broken the Serb
community in Kosovo," Trajkovic told AFP.
He charged that Kouchner "is not interested in united Serbs, as
a factor in Kosovo, but only in the Serbs he can use for his own
Trajkovic's Serbian Resistance Movement has launched an
initiative for "political unification of Kosovo Serbs," and
round-table talks with the participation of official Belgrade, the
Serb political opposition and Kosovo Serb representatives.
"The bottom line is that a year has passed and we have not at
all improved the status and position of the Serbs," Trajkovic said:
"On the contrary, it has become even worse."
The strongest criticism of the Artemije leadership came from the
SNV splinter group in Kosovska Mitrovica, the most highly populated
Serb enclave in the province.
It insists Artemije's group wields no influence over Serbs in
Jaksic is an ally of the self-proclaimed mayor of northern
Mitrovica, Oliver Ivanovic, who opposes Artemije's right to
represent all Serbs in Kosovo.
Western officials believe the more radical position of Mitrovica
Serbs towards international administrators inidcates that they are
more strongly inlfuenced by the Milosevic regime in Belgrade.
The Ivanovic group denies this, but has hitherto failed to take
a firm position either on distancing itself from Milosevic or
cooperating with the UN and the KFOR peace force.
Meanwhile observers beleive the Belgrade regime is stirring up
old divisions and quarrels.
"The state of Serbia and Yugoslavia does not want to cooperate
with the UNMIK and KFOR," one analyst said.
Since Yugoslav troops pulled out of the province last June
following NATO bombing, Belgrade has fiercely criticized UNMIK and
KFOR for failing to protect the Serb population in Kosovo.
But apart from verbal threats and criticism, it has revealed no
real projects for the future of the province which its more radical
representatives often describe as occupied by enemy forces.