Information Service

October 24, 2002

Editorial (Info-service ERP)

KFOR AND UNMIK CRACK ON KOSOVO ALBANIAN MAFIA
Latest action of KFOR and UNMIK near Pec against Kosovo Albanian extremists increases hopes for normal life

Gracanica, Oct 24, 2002

The recent joint KFOR/UNMIK action against a criminal K/Albanian gang near Pec shows more readiness of the UN/NATO led mission to deal with the increasing danger of Kosovo Albanian mafia and extremism in the Province of Kosovo. After the war in 1999, some of the leading UCK/KLA commanders organized their gangs and quickly divided Kosovo's drug, oil and prostitution markets among the most powerful clans, killing hundreds of Serb civilians and dissenting Kosovo Albanians under the pretext of revenge. Instead of becoming a NATO protected safe haven for all ethnic groups, Kosovo became a theater for brutal reprisals in which many innocent people lost their lives and dozens of valuable Christian monuments were turned into ashes. Despite all efforts of many dedicated men and women in UNMIK and KFOR, Kosovo Province is still far away from being a place free and safe for all its inhabitants.

The Mission is still very careful to deal with extremists far away from the public lights, because the mafia and extremist leaders hide behind their war-time authority as "Albanian national heroes" and can easily galvanize the public into action on their behalf. Three recent incidents in which Kosovo Albanians demonstrated open hostility towards the international peacekeepers (Decani, Aug 14; Gorazdevac, Aug 28; and Pec, Oct. 11) indicate that arrests of the leading extremist leaders might result in further violence. On the other hand, leaving the problem of organized crime and ethnic extremism under the rug would make Kosovo Province even more politically unstable, which could boomerang on the UN/NATO led mission very soon.

At the moment, the strong influence of the former KLA warlords is a major obstacle for normal cooperation between moderate Kosovo Albanians and Serbs who are fed up with everyday violence and crimes and want to find a way towards Europe. As long as Albanian extremists continue with intimidation and threats against moderate Albanians, Kosovo Province will remain divided into two entrenched communities where radical political options prevail. Serbian extremism was severely defeated by sending Milosevic and his friends to the Hague. Nevertheless, some groups of radicals still continue exerting influence on Kosovo Serbs using K/Albanian extremism and the hard life of the Serb community as a pretext for their political agenda.

In the Balkans, and especially in Kosovo, the mafia cannot be completely separated from ethnic extremism and terrorism. After confiscating 260 tons of smuggled cigarettes, peacekeepers found various military equipment, a radio scanner, counterfeit driving licenses and U.S. and Serbian license plates clearly indicating that this was no "ordinary" mafia but a group belonging to a larger paramilitary organization, ready to launch terrorist attacks both against locals and internationals.

The latest action of UNMIK and KFOR increases hopes that the Mission will finally clamp down on ethnic Albanian extremism before Kosovo becomes a permanent base for the mafia and terrorist groups capable of targeting other European countries as well as increasing general instability in the Balkan region.

Fr. Sava (Janjic)
Serbian Orthodox Church


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Beta News Agency, Belgrade
KFOR CONFISCATES 260 TONS OF SMUGGLED CIGARETTES

October 22, 2002 22:17

Pristina - During a search operation for arms and smuggled goods in Pec, members of KFOR arrested four people and confiscated 260 tons of smuggled cigarettes, KFOR in Pristina has advised. The names of the arrested people have not been released pending further investigation, the statement says. In one warehouse located on the Pec-Pristina road, Italian KFOR troops discovered 260 tons of smuggled cigarettes. With the help of UNMIK police, soldiers also discovered a small quanitity of weapons, five automatic rifles, five handguns, four radio transmitters and approximately 500 pieces of munition in two houses in Pec. The warehouse where the smuggled cigarettes were found has been sealed off by police pending the end of the investigation.

According to Albanian sources in Pristina, KFOR in Pec arrested the brother of Kosovo Protection Corps commander Agim Cheku and Ekrem Luka, the owner of the biggest private company in Kosovo, connecting them with the smuggling of enormous quantities of cigarettes. KFOR also arrest two other persons whose identities have not yet been revealed. The fear in Pristina is that these arrests may increase tensions in Kosovo and damage relations between UNMIK and KFOR on the one hand and the Albanian population on the other. Well-informed sources in Kosovo state that Ekrem Luka is believed to be close to the president of the Alliance for the Future of Kosovo, Ramush Hajradinaj, and other leaders of the former KLA from the Metohija region.

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KFOR Press Release
Pristina, 23 October 2002 - #24-10

KFOR/UNMIK Joint Search Operation

In the early morning of 22 Oct 02 KFOR-Military Police and UNMIK-Police conducted a joint search operation in Peja / Pec. Six Kalashnikov-rifles, four pistols, around 400 rounds of ammunition, one respirator, four radio sets, one radio scanner, various military equipment, fifteen counterfeit stamps, fifteen counterfeit driving licenses for driving abroad, two American, and four Serbian car number plates were found. From a warehouse 260 tons of cigarettes were seized which represents one of the largest quantities of cigarettes ever confiscated in Kosovo.

Four individuals were detained and handed over to UNMIK-Police. KFOR will not be releasing names or any personal details.
This joint operation underlines once more the effectiveness of KFOR and UNMIK-Police in their on going success in the fight against Organised Crime.

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OTHER KOSOVO RELATED NEWS

RADIO KIM - Kosovo and Metohija
ELDERLY SERB BEATEN UP IN KOSOVO POLJE

October 23, 2002

Last night at approximately 20:00 hours, a 75 year-old Serb local, Miodrag Stankovic, was beaten up at the railway station in Kosovo Polje. Serb sources confirmed for Radio KIM that Stankovic was attacked by two Albanian men who first knocked him to the ground, then beat him all over the body with their fists and hands, inflicting serious injuries. The Kosovo Polje Health Center Emergency Center confirmed that Miodrag Stankovic was admitted last night at approximately 22:30 hours where he received emergency treatment for his injuries. Physicians diagnosed serious head injuries. He was transferred to the Russian military hospital and then released for home treatment, stated the physician on duty, Dr. Natasa Prentic.

Radio Jugoslavia
BISHOP ARTEMIJE: 110 SHRINES DESTROYED AS OF 1999

October 23, 2002

Since the deployment of KFOR and UNMIK, 110 monasteries and churches were destroyed and many Orthodox cemeteries desecrated in Kosovo, the bishop of Raska-Prizren, Artemije, told Deutsche Welle radio. Many Orthodox shrines, dating from the 13th century, have survived the five centuries of the Turkish rule, the bishop Artemije said and warned that Albanian extremists are now targeting cultural and historic heritage. The Serbian Orthodox Church has collected evidence on the destroyed monasteries and churches in Kosmet and is conducting serious negotiations with the international community and UNESCO representatives but there has been no visible improvement so far, the bishop Artemije warned.

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Tanjug - Belgrade
KFOR Escort Canceled For Serbian Students

October 23, 2002
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Kosovska Mitrovica, 23 Oct - On Wednesday, KFOR canceled the escorts for Serbian students from Crkvena Vodica, Obilic, Janjina Voda, and the villages from central Kosovo. Those students are attending the schools in Plemetina and Priluzje, so it is unknown how they will attend the schools in the future, says the Chief of the Educational Department in Kosovska Mitrovica, Predrag Stojcetovic.
Stojcetovic pointed out that the parents would not allow the children to go to school without a KFOR escort, because according to the parents of Serbian students, their children are not safe on their way from their homes to the school.


BETA - Belgrade
Serbian Government calls on Kosovo Serbs to vote

October 24, 2002

BELGRADE -- Thursday - Serbian Government has called on Kosovo Serbs to take part in the local elections on Saturday October 26. "Participation in the elections creates prerequisites for organised decentralised local self-government in Kosovo, and with it basic presumptions for realistic repatriation of Serbs and other non- Albanians to Kosovo," said in the statement.
According to the Government, the success of the local elections is in direct function of the implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1244 and creation of multiethnic, multiconfessional and multicultural Kosovo.
Serbian Government asked the citizens, political parties and all other participants in political activities to consistently respect the decrees of the electoral process and regardless of their political stances and beliefs about the elections, "understand that participation is in the best interest of Serbia and Yugoslavia."


NATION BUILDING AS A PRETEXT TO CREATION OF MONO-ETHNIC KOSOVO
Fr. Sava's letter to Washington Post

Tuesday, October 22, 2002

Dear editor,

I would strongly disagree with Mr. Rubin on his position on Kosovo. The work of the UN Mission in Kosovo after the war in 1999 has been more a failure than success, especially in the eyes of Kosovo Serbs. Three years after the war Kosovo society is still based on ethnic discrimination and the lack of basic rights and freedoms for Serbs and non-Albanians. More than 200,000 Serb refugees still cannot return to their homes while thousands of Serb homes, destroyed after the war, lie in ruins. I live in a monastery which is only 10 minutes away from the town of Decani. There I cannot buy anything, I am not free to visit a doctor, when I travel I need a military escort. I am not a free citizen in my own country. Serbs who still live in their isolated enclaves do not have normal education for their children and cannot have employment in Albanian inhabited areas. Probably the worst disappointment for Kosovo Serbs is continuation of desecration of Serbian Orthodox churches and monasteries. More than 100 churches have been desecrated or destroyed after the war, despite the UN and NATO presence. Even old Christian cemeteries are not spared by Moslem Albanians.

In short, things are not essentially improving for all citizens of Kosovo, despite some progress in general reconstruction of infrastructure and institutions. In fact, only Kosovo Albanians feel true benefits from the international mission. Two weeks ago a group of elderly Serbs was attacked in the city of Pec by a crowd of Kosovo Albanians. The hooligans hurled stones and petrol-bombs not only on Serbs who were waiting to get their pensions, but also on Italian and Spanish peacekeepers who were protecting them. This incident is not an aberration, but rather a general symptom of anti-Serb feelings among Kosovo Albanians. Society which is still based on ethnic discrimination, harassment of elderly people and disrespect towards Christian holy shrines is not a success, but rather a source of political destabilization in the Balkans.

We expect the U.S. Administration to support equally all communities and not to allow building of a society which would be tailored for one ethnic group only. This is completely opposite to all values on which American society is established.

Fr. Sava (Janjic)
Serbian Orthodox Monastery of Decani

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www.washingtonpost.com

No Victory in Kosovo
Tuesday, October 22, 2002; Page A26

James P. Rubin [op-ed, Oct. 19] is very proud of the job the Clinton administration did in Kosovo. In particular, he mentioned that there has been only one ethnically motivated murder in the past year.

That statistic more than anything else proves the failure of U.S. policy in Kosovo. If Kosovo was truly a multiethnic and democratic society, there would be a lot more inter-ethnic turmoil: There was only one inter-ethnic murder because the Albanians have chased everyone else -- Serbs, Turks, Romani -- away. That failure is aggravated by the number of murders and other crimes that the Albanians are committing against each other. Why doesn't Mr. Rubin cite that statistic? Although the Albanians cleansed
Kosovo of Serbs, they have not cleansed themselves of criminal behavior.

VLADIMIR GAGICScottsdale, Ariz.

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Honoring Nation-Building
By James P. Rubin

(Saturday, October 19, 2002; Page A23) Despite a controversial history in Somalia and Vietnam, the idea of the United States as nation-builder is back in vogue. What a change from a few years ago, when the Clinton administration refused to use the term in public, and critics, including candidate George W. Bush, attacked it as international social work.

Now President Bush says the United States will work with the United Nations to rebuild Afghanistan and establish democratic institutions in Iraq after Saddam Hussein has been vanquished. Leading Democrats have gone further, calling for a substantial expansion of the U.S. peacekeeping role in Afghanistan and more concrete plans for U.S. involvement in post-Hussein Iraq.

This new enthusiasm of our political leaders is welcome. Indeed, preventing failing states from spawning terrorism and chaos is more important than ever. But if nation-building is to be effective in Afghanistan and Iraq, it is crucial that we fully incorporate this mission into our foreign policy machinery.

First, we must find a way to honor the nation-builders. In Kosovo today, we still have thousands of peacekeeping troops and civilians who are maintaining order, training police, helping to establish democratic institutions, and building the civil and penal codes that will make it possible for Kosovo to one day stand on its own.

Kosovo has been a success. Although tensions remain, violent crime is way down. According to the United Nations, there was only one victim of ethnic violence this year.

Thousands of local police have been trained. Kosovo's government now collects nearly enough revenue to be self-sufficient. The economy, while still primitive, has registered substantial growth in each of the past two years. True, there are still major uncertainties, including the potential collapse of the economy when the United Nations pulls out in coming years and the fact that Kosovo's political status has not been resolved.

Despite the progress, our soldiers and civilians feel little sense of support from home. To some degree, Kosovo is the victim of its own success and of the world's understandable focus on al Qaeda and the war on terrorism. But there is a more fundamental issue. As one of Europe's most respected active-duty generals told me, "You Americans are good at this; why are you so embarrassed about it?"

Until we find a mechanism to make nation-building a credit to one's career and a politician's legacy, we will never have the necessary staying power to make these missions work.

A second step needed is a bureaucratic one. Afghanistan offers a good example. After the initial achievements (creating a new representative government and obtaining promises of economic assistance), crucial momentum is slipping away.

Like it or not, the Afghans and rest of the world are looking to the United States for solutions to the inevitable problems in the areas of security and underfunded reconstruction projects. One solution would be the appointment of a high-level official, empowered by the president, to lead an international effort to improve security outside Kabul and cut through the red tape that is blocking critical development aid (i.e., the competing priorities and procedures of the World Bank, the United Nations and other donors). To his credit, Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz seems to understand the importance of this work, but he cannot do it alone. A high-level official must be empowered by the president to negotiate with foreign governments and with our own bureaucracy until sufficient progress is made to hand over the task to the United Nations.

The same phenomenon is likely to unfold in Iraq. Assuming there is a war to overthrow Saddam Hussein, and assuming it goes reasonably well, the initial tasks of setting up a provisional government and establishing a secure environment can be accomplished quickly. We would then become the victims of high expectations. That's why a practical plan and a high-level envoy must be ready so that the longer-term and enormously complex security, economic and political tasks can be addressed while there is still substantial momentum and goodwill in the Iraqi population.

Last, we should be honest about what can be accomplished and how much it would cost. Neither Afghanistan nor Iraq is likely to be a thriving democracy anytime soon, so we have to set realistic objectives. A pluralistic Iraq with some decent form of representative government committed to locating and destroying all the weapons of mass destruction left over from Hussein would be dramatic progress. But even accomplishing this modest goal would be expensive and time-consuming. And as in Afghanistan and the Balkans, we are likely to underestimate the costs and to hope the Europeans and others could be pressured to pick up most of the tab.

Nation-building has now become a key foreign policy mission for the United States. But it won't work without high-level attention and a budget to match.

The writer was an assistant secretary of state in the Clinton administration. He traveled to Kosovo last month on behalf of the International Rescue Committee.


© 2002 The Washington Post Company

Information Service of the Diocese of Raska and Prizren
Kosovo and Metohija