October 30, 2003

ERP KIM Newsletter 30-10-03

Balkan's road towards Europe leads through regional integrations and not through creation of new states and borders


steady improvement of the relations between Berlin and Belgrade
Chancellor Gerhard Schroeder with President Marovic, Belgrade, Oct 29, 2003

CONTENTS:

"PARALLEL INSTITUTIONS" IN FOCUS AGAIN
In the situation of continuation of ethnic discrimination of the Serb population, recurrent extremist attack and unhidden ambitions of ethnic Albanian leaders to create an ethnic Albanian state in Kosovo/Metohija it is impossible to request from Kosovo Serbs to work on their own self destruction and renounce its cultural, historical and religious identity.


ANA WAS PREPARING ASSASSINATIONS OF HIGH RANKING BELGRADE OFFICIALS
Members of the Albanian National Army /ANA/ were preparing assassination of Serbian Deputy Prime Minister Nebojsa Covic and Serbia and Montenegro Minister for human and minority rights Rasim Ljajic before beginning of dialog between Belgrade and Pristina in Vienna. 'Blic' got this information from a high source in Serbian Interior Ministry.

DISPLACED FROM KOSOVO AND METOHIJA NEED HELP
Opening the donors' conference for Kosovo-Metohija, which was attended by 30 ambassadors to Serbia-Montenegro, representatives of international organizations and businessmen from Serbia, Covic said that it is necessary that the displaced get their property back once they have returned to the province, as well as guarantees for safety of living and full integration into social life. Covic added that it is also necessary to define joint activities so as to ensure that a larger number of displaced persons return to the province in 2004.

KOSOVO'S OMBUDSMAN REQUESTS PROTECTION OF SERBS IN OBILIC
Although more than four months have passed since the attack on the Stolic family the perpetrators have not been arrested and new attacks in Obilic continue, said Marek Nowicki (Poland)

NEWS FROM KOSOVO AND METOHIJA, OCT 27-28, INET


More News Available on our:

KOSOVO DAILY NEWS LIST (KDN)
KDN Archive

This newsletter is available on our ERP KIM Web-site:
/erpkiminfo.html


"PARALLEL INSTITUTIONS" IN FOCUS AGAIN

In the situation of continuation of ethnic discrimination of the Serb population, recurrent extremist attack and unhidden ambitions of ethnic Albanian leaders to create an ethnic Albanian state in Kosovo/Metohija it is impossible to request from Kosovo Serbs to work on their own self destruction and renounce its cultural, historical and religious identity.

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EDITIORIAL BY FR. SAVA JANJIC
ERPKIM Info-Service

Gracanica, October 30, 2003

The issue of so called Serb "parallel institutions" in Kosovo and Metohija has been found in the focus of the international attention again. After the recent report on "parallel institutions" by OSCE, this challenging issue will also be discussed on the UN Security Council meeting in New York today. The position of the Serbian Orthodox Church on these institutions has always been in accordance with the general position towards building of multiethnic and democratic society in Kosovo - Integrated institutions are not only possible but necessary as long as fundamental security, political and other standards have been achieved. In the situation of continuation of ethnic discrimination of the Serb population, recurrent extremist attack and unhidden ambitions of ethnic Albanian leaders to create an ethnic Albanian state in Kosovo/Metohija it is impossible to request from Kosovo Serbs to work on their own self destruction and renounce its cultural, historical and religious identity.

The so called "parallel structures" are only public institutions in Kosovo/Metohija to which Serbs have free and secure access and in which they can receive services in their own language, without ethnic discrimination. It is not that Serbs do not want to accept newly created UNMIK structures but they simply do not feel safe and free to receive services from institutions which are dominated by Albanians who in most of cases use these institutions as tools for ethnic discrimination and humiliation of non-Albanians.

So called "Parallel structures" are therefore the only available structures for the Serbian people and not the consequence of their refusal to integrate into Kosovo society. No one has moral right to request full integration of the Serbian community in Kosovo as long as Kosovo institutions remain inaccessible to Serb population and are used for ethnic discrimination secession from Serbia.

Insisting on dismissal of structures in Serb areas would mean unprecedented pressure on the Serb people and violation of their basic security and freedom which they relatively enjoy in their enclaves. It would also worsen the relations with UNMIK and make many Serbs see UNMIK as a pro-Albanian organization which intends to cut all links of the Serb people with the rest of their country - Serbia.

Regrettably, UNMIK has generally failed to create true multiethnic institutions which would allow equal treatment of all Kosovo citizens and as long as this abnormal situation exists Serb people must be allowed to use their own institutions which provide services they need as citizens of Serbia and Montenegro. Kosovo institutions are not capable of providing these services also because they do not recognize the UN SC Resolution 1244 which defined Kosovo and Metohija as an autonomous region within Serbia and Montenegro and thus operate as tools of political secession and ethnic segregation, which is unacceptable for Kosovo Serbs.

This specially stands for the health and educational institutions which are almost completely inaccessible for Kosovo Serbs. All regional hospitals, except in North Mitrovica employ only ethnic Albanian personnel and Serbs do not feel safe in such surrounding, not only because of questionable professional abilities of majority of ethnic Albanian doctors who received their diplomas during 90ties in their home-made "universities" but also because of hostile and discriminatory behavior of the personnel. It is no secret that richer Kosovo Albanians themselves rather choose to have their medical treatment in Belgrade, Zagreb or Ljubljana than to rely on their own "experts".

Kosovo Albanian run schools and Pristina University are ethnically clean institutions in which not only the level of education is completely incompatible with standards in Serbia (and the rest of former Yugoslavia), where Kosovo Serb children might also seek for job one day, but also because of history curricula which have been shaped according to the Albanian nationalist ideas which negate presence of the Serb people in this area and minimize its cultural and historical contribution to the milieu of the Kosovo society. That was one of the main reasons for Serbs to establish their own University in Mitrovica and continue teaching their children in their village schools in their enclaves curricula which are in concordance with those of the Serbian Ministry of Education. Such Serbian schools existed even during the Ottoman occupation and helped Serbs to preserve their cultural and religious identity in a pervading Moslem society. It is absolutely incomprehensible for Serb children to learn that the greatest heroes in the last several years were those who were killing or are still killing their fellow students, fathers and mothers. Not to speak about extreme ethnic Albanian views of the medieval history during which Kosovo, as a part of Serbian kingdom, became cultural, historical and religious center of the Serbian nation. Kosovo Albanian schools abound with UCK and nationalist insignia and have become hotbeds of glorification of UCK terrorism and territorial expansionism. Many cultured Kosovo Albanians rather chose to send their children abroad or to internationally run schools rather than let them be indoctrinated with ideas of Drenica clans, ideas of blood and revenge and other anachronistic ideas.

Because rare mixed schools in Kosovo are not considered safe for Serb children Kosovo Serb students often travel out of their municipalities in order to attend secondary schools within Kosovo Serb enclaves. Further, because of a lack of safe school transport for Serb students on a daily basis, many of these students must travel to other municipalities at the beginning of the week, and seek lodging in that municipality. Certain number of Serb children began this school year in Serbia proper after the massacre of Serb children in Gorazdevac. Such a situation has divided many Serb families and most of Kosovo Serb children remain deprived of normal childhood.

Especially difficult situation is in the area of cadastral offices. Local Kosovo cadastral offices have been immediately taken by Kosovo Albanians in most of municipalities. Since 1999 many cases have been recorded of intentional changing of cadastral data with the intention to legalize massive usurpation of the Serb property. Existence of parallel cadastral offices in Serbia proper is therefore of crucial importance for many Serbs who are struggling to prove their ownership in restitution of their usurped property in Kosovo.

CONCLUSION:

The existence of so called "parallel structures" in Serb inhabited areas and enclaves in Kosovo is a direct consequence of the UN Mission's failure to create safe surrounding for all residents of the province and fully implement the UNSCR 1244 provision that Kosovo and Metohija is not an independent state but an autonomous UN administered province of Serbia. Aggressive imposing of full integration of Serb residents of Kosovo into an ethnic Albanian dominated society under existing security and political conditions is not only possible but may lead to increased exodus of the remaining Serb population. It can very easily be interpreted as an attempt to force Serb population accept an ethnic Albanian state and renounce their ethnic, cultural and historical identity.

Therefore, as long as standards of a fair multiethnic and democratic society are not achieved in Kosovo (even in its basic forms), Serb people not only have full moral right to have their institutions, which will work in accordance with the corresponding Ministries in Belgrade, but should request higher level of self rule in the areas in which they constitute relative majority. Only this might prevent depopulation of Serb areas and relatively normal life of Serb inhabitants, at least within their enclaves. As long as Kosovo Albanian political institutions serve not as a tool of building a modern European and multiethnic society but as a means of political secession from Serbia and creation of ethnically clean ethnic Albanian state Kosovo Serbs would not be able to accept integration because that would mean nothing but their own annihilation.

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ANA WAS PREPARING ASSASSINATION OF LJAJIC AND COVIC
Members of the Albanian National Army /ANA/ were preparing assassination of Serbian Deputy Prime Minister Nebojsa Covic and Serbia and Montenegro Minister for human and minority rights Rasim Ljajic before beginning of dialog between Belgrade and Pristina in Vienna. 'Blic' got this information from a high source in Serbian Interior Ministry.

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BLIC, Belgrade daily
October 29, 2003

29 Oct (Blic) - Members of the Albanian National Army /ANA/ were preparing assassination of Serbian Deputy Prime Minister Nebojsa Covic and Serbia and Montenegro Minister for human and minority rights Rasim Ljajic before beginning of dialog between Belgrade and Pristina in Vienna. 'Blic' got this information from a high source in Serbian Interior Ministry.

Our source claims that ANA was preparing to assassin representatives of both delegations in Vienna dialog, regardless of the fact that the names of people in the delegations were not known in advance.|

'The primary goal of ANA was to prevent beginning of dialog. Serbian Interior Ministry got information about ongoing plan for assassination of Nebojsa Covic and Rasim Ljajic in Vienna. ANA is considering Covic as chief negotiator and author of strategy for settlement of Kosovo and south Serbia issues. As regards Ljajic, he is accused as a Moslem taking part in Serbian delegation and as someone who claims that ANA is the chief generator of crisis in the south of Serbia and Kosovo and Metohija', our source claims.

'Even Albanian leaders who are against participation of ANA representatives in Albanian delegation for dialog, were planned as targets of ANA. That was one of the reasons why Kosovo Prime Minister Bajram Redzepi and DPK leader Hashim Thaci did not travel to Vienna', our source in Serbian Interior Ministry said on condition of anonymity.

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DISPLACED FROM KOSOVO-METOHIJA NEED HELP
Opening the donors' conference for Kosovo-Metohija, which was attended by 30 ambassadors to Serbia-Montenegro, representatives of international organizations and businessmen from Serbia, Covic said that it is necessary that the displaced get their property back once they have returned to the province, as well as guarantees for safety of living and full integration into social life. Covic added that it is also necessary to define joint activities so as to ensure that a larger number of displaced persons return to the province in 2004.

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http://www.serbia.sr.gov.yu/news/2003-10/29/331668.html

SERBIAN GOVERNMENT

Belgrade, Oct 29, 2003 - Serbian Deputy Prime Minister and head of the Coordinating Centre for Kosovo-Metohija Nebojsa Covic said at a donors' conference for the province held on Wednesday that there are more than 200,000 displaced persons from Kosovo-Metohija in central Serbia, and that Serbs and other non-Albanians continue to leave the province.

Opening the donors' conference for Kosovo-Metohija, which was attended by 30 ambassadors to Serbia-Montenegro, representatives of international organizations and businessmen from Serbia, Covic said that it is necessary that the displaced get their property back once they have returned to the province, as well as guarantees for safety of living and full integration into social life. Covic added that it is also necessary to define joint activities so as to ensure that a larger number of displaced persons return to the province in 2004.

According to Covic, the displaced persons must have accommodation and be economically independent. The participants in the conference should set up a fund for encouraging employment in the small and medium-sized enterprises, as well as a fund for awarding scholarships to talented students from Kosovo-Metohija.

Covic urged members of the donors' conference to provide assistance in finding accommodation for 80 percent of the displaced persons in Serbia who are currently unprovoked-for, and for health care of more than 23,000 people with serious health problems who are in need of permanent medical care.

Covic said that the Coordinating Centre requests assistance from the donors in line with the National strategy for resolving the issue of refugees and displaced persons,

http://www.serbia.sr.gov.yu/news/2002-07/01/324956.html

which was drawn up in cooperation with the international community.



Covic urges donors to back Kosovo repatriation

Beta News Agency, Belgrade
October 29, 2003

BELGRADE -- Wednesday - The head of Belgrade's Kosovo Coordination Centre, Nebojsa Covic, today called for international support for projects aimed at facilitating the repatriation of refugees from Kosovo.

At a briefing for donors in Belgrade today, Deputy Prime Minister Covic warned that Serbs were still fleeing the province.

Today's conference was organized by the Coordination Centre, together with the UNHCR mission in Belgrade and the local International Red Cross office.

Covic asked for support for housing, education, business and health projects for Serbs and other refugees from Kosovo currently accommodated in other parts of Serbia and Montenegro.

Mass repatriation in 2004 will only happen if property and other assets seized from refugees are returned and the conditions for normal living established in Serbia's southern province, said Covic.

The ambassadors of about thirty foreign countries attended the conference, together with the head of the OSCE mission in Serbia-Montenegro and local officials.