May 20, 2003

ERP KIM Newsletter 20-05-03

SERBIAN PREMIER: KOSOVO IS PART OF SERBIA

CONTENTS:

KOSOVO IS PART OF SERBIA - INTERVIEW WITH PREMIER ZIVKOVIC
The international community has not fulfilled even a third of its obligations in this province. Kosovo is part of Serbia and that this is not something that depends on the mercy of either Europe or the United States.

COMMENTARY - Fr. Sava Janjic
U.S. WRITER IN PRISTINA FOR ALBANIANS AND IN ALBANIAN ONLY
A mono-ethnic presentation for "the people of Kosovo"

The U.S. Office in Pristina is organizing a discussion with Pulitzer Prize-winning author Robert Olen Butler on May 20 in the National and University Library of Kosovo. According to the information issued by the U.S. Office translation from English will be available "in Albanian" (only) and that the copies of books in both English and Albanian will be available at the lecture. ...
I sincerely doubt that anyone will tell to Mr. Butler that there are many young Serbs, and other non-Albanian youths who would like to hear his words but cannot attend the discussion because they are NOT FREE AND SAFE to come and their language IS NOT ACCEPTABLE for the "academic" auditorium. Are these "values" of contemporary Kosovo not in utter  opposition to the ideas on which the American society is based, and is not organization of such Serb-free events an open encouragement of the monoethnic society?

IWPR - "ANA" MENACE GROWING
Extremist Albanian group says it's recruiting members of region's civilian protection force.

ARTICLES ABOUT "ANA" ACTIVITIES IN MACEDONIA (2001-2002), Reality Macedonia

MIC - BLOODY PROM IN TETOVO
Tetovo is calm after the bloody incident that took place Friday evening, in which two persons were injured with firearms, whereas dozen young people were lightly injured. The police increased patrols in the town and holds the situation under control, but the atmosphere is still tense.

More News Available on our:
KOSOVO DAILY NEWS LIST (KDN)
KDN Archive

This newsletter is available on our ERP KIM Web-site:
/erpkiminfo.html


KOSOVO IS PART OF SERBIA - "SPIEGEL'S" INTERVIEW WITH PREMIER ZIVKOVIC
The international community has not fulfilled even a third of its obligations in this province. Kosovo is part of Serbia and that this is not something that depends on the mercy of either Europe or the United States.

TOP

Politika daily, Belgrade
May 19, 2003

Berlin, May 18 (Beta)

Serbian prime minister Zoran Zivkovic stated that Kosovo is part of Serbia and that this is not something that depends on the mercy of either Europe or the United States.

In an in-depth interview with the German weekly "Der Spiegel" he firmly rejected the possibility of Kosovo independence.

"But what are you saying? Show me an international law document justifying the independence of Kosovo! Kosovo is an integral part of Serbia," said Zivkovic, responding to the question whether, in his opinion, it is possible to prevent the secession of the province.

"However, I admit that this is not the ideal moment for negotiations on the final status of Kosovo," he added.

Zivkovic also assessed that the international community has not fulfilled "even a third of its obligations" with respect to security in Kosovo.

The situation in Kosovo is unacceptable, he said, and "the Albanians are destabilizing Kosovo with the help of the international community."

Speaking of the battle against crime, Zivkovic said that in one month 30 murders were solved but, when asked whether the actual organizers of these murders were arrested, responded negatively.

"No, we lack evidence that could be used in court for that. However, everything we have learned points in the same direction: to opponents of reforms, opponents of Europe, opponents of cooperation with the Hague tribunal," said Zivkovic.

Master in the house

At the same time, he added that "these are not only the pillars of the old Milosevic regime but also those who later joined it; for example, the opponents of the tribunal."

"What worries us most is the consequences of the Milosevic regime for our country. Our citizens have lost their faith in the state institutions. The justice system is still far from being professional and within the police there are still conflicts with so-called old cadres," said Zivkovic.

When asked whether he shares the conviction that Mirjana Markovic (the wife of former president Slobodan Milosevic) is the center of crime in the country, Zivkovic said that an international warrant for her arrest had been issued and that she was suspected of involvement in various crimes.

"But in the Balkans it'
s hard to presume that a woman is making plans for murder, if there is a master in the house. The center, certainly, was Milosevic," assessed Zivkovic.

He explained the fact that there has been no serious confrontation with war crimes since October 2000, like that which occurred in post-war Germany, by the fact that "until recently this was prevented by the Montenegrin coalition in the Serbia-Montenegro government and Vojislav Kostunica's Democratic Party of Serbia."

Zivkovic explained the lack of a public debate among intellectuals on the same topic by the fact that "like in politics, there is a schism among intellectuals and the general public on this issue."

"Some uncritically support Milosevic, while others have opposed his policies from the start. That is why this type of debate remains problematic to this day. At the same time, you can read daily commentaries in the papers which present war events in a critical light. The time of patriot romanticism is over," said Zivkovic.

Uncertain future

Assessing that the former commander of the Bosnian Serb Army Ratko Mladic "is not considered a national hero in Serbia" and that "civil war would not break out if he was extradited to the tribunal, Zivkovic said that "Belgrade would not be the safest of places for him today."

"If Mladic is in Serbia, he will be arrested. I want to successfully conclude cooperation with the tribunal during the course of the year," said Zivkovic.

When asked whether the bombing of Serbia in 1999 and the aftermath of that war define his attitude toward NATO or the U.S., he responded that "no one is going to convince me that the bombardment of Yugoslavia solved the situation in Kosovo or ousted Milosevic from power."

"My relationship with the USA is pragmatic. Serbia is small and poor; it has a glorious past but an uncertain future. So we have to cooperate with the USA and Brussels in our own national interest.

"I am a pragmatist prepared to defend our country's tradition and, at the same time, to do everything to ensure a better future for it within the limits of permitted morality," said Zivkovic during the "Spiegel" interview.

Translated by www.serbian-translation.com with reference to the English summary of the Zivkovic interview provided by "Der Spiegel" (May 19, 2003)

TOP


COMMENTARY - Fr. Sava Janjic

U.S. WRITER FOR ALBANIANS AND IN ALBANIAN ONLY
A mono-ethnic presentation for "the people of Kosovo"

TOP

ERPKIM Info-Service
Gracanica, May 19, 2003


The U.S. Office in Pristina is organizing a discussion with Pulitzer Prize-winning author Robert Olen Butler on May 20 in the National and University Library of Kosovo. On that occasion the U.S. Office in Pristina will donate a collection of books by U.S. authors for the "library's literary future." At the end of the information paper distributed by the U.S. office, readers are informed that translation from English will be available "in Albanian" (only) and that the copies of these works in both English and Albanian will be available at the lecture. The last sentence reassures us that attendance is "free and open to the public" (sic).

Unfortunately, Serb readers who receive U.S. Office public information messages in the Serbian language can hardly find any good reason to attend this Albanian-American event where Serb speakers are obviously not expected. Frankly speaking, for the 200 remaining Kosovo Serbs in Pristina, who cannot even buy bread in a local shop or use the Serbian language in public, this will not make much difference in their daily life. International organizations organizing cultural events in Pristina as a rule do not count on their attendance, and for the Albanians they are just pariahs who sooner or later must leave their homes. Nevertheless, this event once again demonstrates the tragic reality in Kosovo that there are international offices which are quite indifferent to the building of mono-ethnic society, too - in this case, one tailored for ethnic Albanians only.

Is it not somewhat strange that the U.S. Office forgot that Kosovo Serbs are also citizens of Kosovo and deserve translation in their own language at such a presentation? Not really, because everyone in the Office knows quite well that Serbs cannot freely attend cultural events in Pristina or even enter the National and University Library or Pristina University itself. In the University campus there is not one Serb student at the moment, although 18,000 attended classes there before the war. The problem is that more and more internationals take the reality of mono-ethnic society for granted and make hardly any effort at all to change it.

Was not the visit of the eminent American writer a good opportunity to reinforce the official international and U.S. policy that all inhabitants in Kosovo are free to attend all public events? Would it not have been a good idea to find a Serb translator and invite several Serb students (perhaps from the enclaves?) so they can learn more about contemporary U.S. literature? Finally, would it not have been a good opportunity to demonstrate that the National and University Library of Kosovo at least is not exclusively the possession of Kosovo Albanians, but of all citizens, regardless of their ethnicity and religion? Unfortunately, no one apparently thought much about this, as usual.

At the same time that the U.S. Office is so ardently seeking to enrich the "literary future" of "the people of Kosovo" its representatives have never reacted to the public incineration of thousands of Serbian language books destroyed in Kosovo and pulled from the shelves of all libraries, including the University Library in Pristina, since 1999. Similarly, there was no reaction when several thousand titles by eminent Serbian writers, among them the books of Serbian Nobel Prize winner Ivo Andric, were thrown in the garbage dump only two weeks ago in Gnjilane, a city which is, incidentally, in the U.S. KFOR contingent's area of responsibility.

Sadly, such a biased position of the part of the U.S. Office in Pristina and organization of mono-ethnic events where the organizers are completely certain there will be no Serbs, Roma or Bosniacs in attendance, hardly contributes to the building of a tolerant and democratic society in Kosovo. On the contrary, such actions may only serve to strengthen the suspicions of  Serbs that the U.S. is supporting the creation of an ethnic Albanian state in the Province of Kosovo where there will be no room for Serbs, just as there is no room for them at this literary event.

I sincerely doubt that anyone will tell to Mr. Butler that there are many young Serbs, and other non-Albanian youths who would like to hear his words, but cannot attend the discussion because they are NOT FREE AND SAFE to come and their language IS NOT ACCEPTABLE for the "academic" auditorium. Are these "values" of contemporary Kosovo not in utter opposition to the ideas on which the American society is based, and is not organization of such Serb-free events an open encouragement of the monoethnic society?

An arbitrary and imprudent decision to organize the discussion with an eminent American writer for Albanians only also seems to be quite contrary to the official position of the U.S. Administration, which is making efforts to support returns to Kosovo and ease the suffering of the Serb population. Such miscalculations also misinterpret the good intentions of many unbiased Americans working to support the building of a just, multiethnic and democratic society in Kosovo--for all its inhabitants.

===========================================================

We are enclosing the text circulated by the US Office in Pristina:

===========================================================


U.S. Office to Donate Books to 'American Corner' as part of "Life as an American Writer" Discussion

[Pristina, USOP] - On Tuesday, May 20, at 6 p.m. at the auditorium at the National and University Library in Kosovo, Pulitzer Prize-winning American author Robert Olen Butler will discuss what life is like in the U.S. for writers. Preceding Mr. Butler's talk, the U.S. Office in Pristina will donate a collection of books by American authors for the library's future "American Center."

Mr. Butler, who won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction in 1993, is traveling through Kosovo and the Balkans to discuss what life is like in the U.S. for writers and how to explore the creative process. Mr. Butler has published 10 books since 1981 and has written several feature-length screenplays for movie studios such as New Regency, Universal Pictures and Disney. He currently is working with actor Robert Redford on a screenplay about television media in America. Many American-based magazines, such as "The New Yorker" and "Esquire", have published his short stories and his works have been translated into many languages. For this event, the U.S. Office in Pristina translated two of Mr. Butler's short stories and one of his essays into Albanian. Copies of these works in both English and Albanian will be available at the lecture on a first-come, first-served basis. A small reception will follow the discussion.

Mr. Alec Mally, Acting Chief of Mission of the U.S. Office Pristina, noted the importance of this visit for Kosovo's literary community. "American literature," said Mr. Mally, "includes a very wide range of genres, influences, and characteristics that reflect the rich diversity of American life. With the increasing normalization of life in post-war Kosovo, the U.S. Office is pleased to share with the people of Kosovo the work of a noted American author and to give them the chance to discuss his work personally, as well as to learn more about the latest trends in American writing. We are especially pleased that Mr. Butler will have a selection of his work available for people to take home and read and share with their friends and family. This is the first time - but certainly not the last - that an American writer has come to Kosovo under our sponsorship, and we look forward to sharing more of America's rich culture with our friends in Kosovo in the months and years ahead," concluded Mr. Mally.

As part of the evening, the U.S. Office will donate books of fiction, essays and poetry by American authors to the Library, for use in its "American Center" collection. The donation will include several works by Mr. Butler, including a copy of the book that won the Pulitzer, "A Good Scent from a Strange Mountain."

In addition, the Library's show of "American Writers" will be on display near the entrance to the auditorium. The show consists of 10 posters that describe the life and works of various classic and contemporary American writers.

Mr. Butler's talk will be in English with consecutive interpretation into Albanian. It is free and open to the public.


TOP


IWPR - "ANA" MENACE GROWING
Extremist Albanian group says it's recruiting members of region's civilian protection force.

TOP

Institute for War and Peace Reporting - IWPR
By Jeta Xharra in Pristina (BCR No 430, 16-May-03)

The leadership of the shadowy extremist group the Albanian National Army, ANA, has told IWPR that it has links to Kosovo's civil defence organisation.

Alban Vjosa, who claims to be the political leader of the ANA, said the radical group counts members of the Kosovo Protection Corps, KPC, amongst its ranks but that it does not specifically target the force for recruitment.

In a telephone interview with IWPR, Vjosa - speaking from Liege in Belgium - confirmed suspicions that KPC member Hamze Behrami, who was killed attempting to bomb the Kosovo Polje-Lesak railway line in northern Kosovo on April 11, was an ANA operative.

"Nobody, not even the KPC commander of Mitrovica zone, where the incident took place, knew that Hamze Behrami worked for KPC by day and ANA by night," he said.

Alban Vjosa, believed to be a pseudonym, is understood to be general secretary of the ANA, a militant group, dedicated to the unification of Albania with Albanian-populated territory in the Balkans, which emerged during the Macedonian conflict.

Thought to be originally from Albania, Vjosa has given numerous interviews to Albanian language newspapers in Kosovo, Macedonia and Albania. IWPR acquired his telephone number after making initial contact via the ANA's website and through reputable sources in the protectorate.

Asked what he felt motivated Behrami, Vjosa said, "Hamze Behrami felt himself superfluous in the KPC - he was unhappy and frustrated with the post-war political situation in Kosovo and with the ambiguity that surrounds the question over the region's status and that of the KPC [a reference to the fact that force is not the official army of Kosovo].

"Ultimately, Behrami was a man of action and it was a matter of days before he was going to leave the KPC."

The apparent admission by the ANA comes after KPC chief Agim Ceku last week dismissed three force commanders responsible for the area around the town of Zvecane in northern Kosovo where last month's bombing occurred.

KFOR suspicions that members of the KPC were involved in outlawed groups such as the ANA prompted it earlier this month to freeze KPC training programmes outside the protectorate until measures are introduced to weed out extremists from the force.

Doubts still remain over who the ANA are, despite UNMIK chief Michael Steiner's decision last month to officially declare it a terrorist group.

UNMIK police spokesman Barry Fletcher told IWPR last week that the group appears to be organised primarily via the internet. Fletcher emphasised that until the railway blast the ANA site was the only tangible thing about it. "We view the website as a money-making system from the Albanian diaspora," he said, adding that the bombing may have prompted by a need to reassure funders. "Perhaps the donors wanted to know where the action is."

But Steiner's decision may have backfired, since it appears to have served to bolster ANA recruitment. Vjosa told IWPR that since the decision to outlaw the group, membership applications are up by around 20 a day.

But while the ANA's stock amongst Albanians appears to be rising, the KPC leadership is increasingly coming under fire for failing to control what some of the corps do outside working hours. According to the rules of the organisation, members must not be associated with any political movement.

Ceku says his force has come under pressure to act against radicals within its ranks, but claims there is little he can do. "We are asked [by UNMIK and KFOR] to take concrete action on something which we have no power over. I have very limited authority to have an efficient control over my people. As a commander of KPC I am not even entitled to discharge or nominate KPC officers," he told IWPR.

UNMIK's chief coordinator for the KPC, General Andrew Cummings, confirmed that while this is the current situation the civilian defence force does have the authority to recommend that UNMIK take disciplinary action against those suspected of insubordination. "In a technical sense they are right," Cummings told IWPR, "but they are by no means powerless."

The KPC was officially constituted in January 2000 in a ceremony that was supposed mark the transformation of the former Kosovo Liberation Army, KLA, into a civilian agency charged with providing emergency response and reconstruction services to Kosovo.

Modelled on the French Sécurité Civile, the KPC has 3,000 active members and an auxiliary branch of 2,000, who see their role as the future armed forces of an independent Kosovo.

While many Kosovars are unhappy with speed of negotiations on the final status of the protectorate, there are very few who believe that blowing up bridges is the best way to advance nation-building.

Even those considered to be radical nationalists believe the ANA's actions are foolhardy. One former KLA man, Ramiz Lladrovci, suspended from the KPC in July 2001 after the Bush administration expressed suspicions that he was among those who "undermine peace and stability in the region", believes that the ANA, whoever they may be, are fighting a losing battle. He pointed out that there are legal political parties in Kosovo who have a similar platform to the extremists but who don't condone violence to achieve their aims.

But while the likes of Lladrovci doubt whether the ANA poses a serious threat, others are taking them, and their alleged KPC links, seriously.

UNMIK spokesperson Isabella Karlowicz said at a press conference on May 6 that the KPC "is required not only to identify those members involved in the ANA but also to remove them. We want to see action".

While UNMIK and KFOR expect the KPC to give them names of the people involved, Ceku asserts that since responsibility for security in Kosovo lies with the two international forces, they are the ones who should investigate the incident.

"We don't want to avoid responsibility but we have asked to get special training in doing internal investigations of KPC members and we have received no assistance in that regard," he said.

Nonetheless, the ban on KPC training abroad is not going to be lifted unless the international community is convinced serious measures have been taken to ensure members are not involved with ANA or other groups.

Asked if he felt the ANA's actions would damage the KPC by restricting their training, Vjosa remained unrepentant, "We don't see that this will even slightly damage the KPC - these measures are in fact good for their officers because there is no need for them to go and train abroad as this experience will only soften them as soldiers."

Jeta Xharra is IWPR project coordinator in Kosovo


TOP


ARTICLES ABOUT "ANA" ACTIVITIES IN MACEDONIA (2001-2002)

Source: REALITY MACEDONIA

TOP

ANA Claims Responsibility For Recent Attack On Macedonian Army Patrol (Sep 09, 2002)
ANA: Cop-Killers Are "Avni Bekjiri's Guerillas" (Aug 29, 2002)
NLA, ANA & Other Albanian Nationalists Listed in American Counterterrorism Report (May 22, 2002)
Macedonian Sources Say 150 Former Kosovo Rebels Joined ANA Ranks (Apr 02, 2002)
Albanian Political Parties Regret Spoiling of "Albanian Political and Military Image" (Mar 27, 2002)
Ahmeti Threatens ANA Through Public Statement (Mar 26, 2002)
So-called ANA blames "disbaned" NLA for the Clash (Mar 26, 2002)
Dnevnik: ANA Declares 'Free Territories' (Mar 21, 2002)
Accused Claim to Have Been "NLA Soldiers" Having Nothing to do With "ANA" (Feb 02, 2002) |
So-Called ANA Claims Responsibility For Bomb Explosion In Tetovo (Nov 19, 2001)
ANA or NLA, Macedonian Citizens Are Held Hostage (Nov 12)
So-Called "ANA" Takes Responsibility For Murder Of The Three Macedonian Policemen (Nov 12, 2001)
ANA Prepares For New War In Macedonia (Oct 29, 2001)
NLA Forms A Party, ANA Refuses To "Give Up" Macedonia (Sep 26, 2001)
Interesting Coincidence (Sep 07, 2001)
ANA's "Outlaws" Will Continue The Violence (Sep 05, 2001)
ANA Calls For A War Of Total Conquest (Aug 15, 2001)
Terrorist Organization "ANA" Rejects Framework Agreement (Aug 14, 2001)


TOP


BLOODY PROM IN TETOVO
Tetovo is calm after the bloody incident that took place Friday evening, in which two persons were injured with firearms, whereas dozen young people were lightly injured. The police increased patrols in the town and holds the situation under control, but the atmosphere is still tense.

TOP

Skopje, 19 May (MIC) - Tetovo is calm after the bloody incident that took place Friday evening, in which two persons were injured with firearms, whereas dozen young people were lightly injured. The police increased patrols in the town and holds the situation under control, but the atmosphere is still tense.

The problems started Friday evening when, according to eyewitnesses, a group of drunk Albanian students, coming from a prom, passed through the part of Tetovo where the Macedonians were gathering. The group reportedly started taunting the guests and there was a mass fight between young Macedonians and Albanians who were throwing bottles and other things at each other. The rumor about the fight spread through the town and hundreds of young people started fighting everywhere, using even firearms.

Two persons were injured in the shooting. Arxhen Selmani (20) and Mevljude Selmani (20) were transferred to the Tetovo medical center, and then to the Skopje medical center. According to the Director of the Tetovo center, Sinasi Gafuri, their condition is not critical. In the fight, which according to eyewitnesses lasted until after midnight, many restaurants, shops and cars were demolished.

Patrol of the Tetovo police intervened immediately after the start of the incident. It tried to separate the two groups, shooting in the air, but failed. When reinforcement came, the situation was put under control, and policemen were deployed all over town. The police arrested only one person who was seen shooting from a window.

One hour after the fight, on the crossroad of "Kiro Ristoski-Drnc" and "Blagoja Toska", police armored vehicle "Hermelin" with six policemen was fired at with hand rocket launcher. None of the four Albanian and two Macedonian policemen was injured.

Around 4.30 a.m. on the same night, there was a terrorist attack on the Tetovo barracks "Kuzman Josifovski-Pitu". Five grenades were fired from hand rocket launcher from the villages Drenovec and Poroj, but they did not cause damages. Daily "Nova Makedonija" reports that the Albanian terrorist organization ANA claimed responsibility for the attack.
"The purpose of the action was to damage the military potentials of the Slav-Macedonian government which constantly militarizes itself to perform genocide and colonize the unprotected Albanians," it is said on ANA's web site.

According to the press release signed by the spokesman of the ANA Headquarters Ilir Duraku, the action was performed by the special units of the division "Skenderbeg", stations in the villages Drenovec and Poroj.

TOP


ERP KIM Info-Service is the official Information Service of the Serbian Orthodox Diocese of Raska and Prizren and works with the blessing of His Grace Bishop Artemije.
Our Information Service is distributing news on Kosovo related issues. The main focus of the Info-Service is the life of the Serbian Orthodox Church and the Serbian community in the Province of Kosovo and Metohija. ERP KIM Info Service works in cooperation with www.serbian-translation.com as well as the Kosovo Daily News (KDN) News List

Disclaimer:
The views expressed by the authors of newspaper articles or other texts which are not official communiqués or news reports by the Diocese are their own and do not necessarily represent the views of the Serbian Orthodox Church

If you received this message by error or you don`t want to receive our e-mails anymore, please write to us: erpkim@kosovo.net

Our Newsletters are available on our ERP KIM Info-service Web-Page:
/erpkiminfo.html

Additional information on our Diocese and the life of the Kosovo Serb Community may be found at:

Copyright 2003, ERP KIM Info-Service