OF EVENTS IN KOSOVO
(Juny 12 - October 31, 1999)
Source - OSCE Report "As Seen As Told" Part 2
June 1999 Daily Reports Chronology
14 th June
KFOR entered Pristina/Prishtine.
Five Kosovo Albanian men reportedly wearing civilian clothes with UCK badges
on their shirts, allegedly abducted a Roma man in Pristina/Prishtine.
Five Kosovo Serb men were allegedly abducted by the UCK in separate but
related incidents in Pristina/Prishtine.
Several hundred Serbs left Orahovac/Rrahovec (north of Prizren/Prizren),
fearing the consequences of a Yugoslav Army (VJ) and Police (MUP) withdrawal.
A Roma was allegedly taken from his home in Orahovac/Rrahovec and has not
been seen again.
15 th June
The first OSCE assessment team entered Kosovo/Kosova.
KFOR entered Prizren/Prizren to a tumultuous welcome.
KFOR entered Orahovac/Rrahovec. VJ and MUP personnel left. Thirteen members
of the UCK reportedly entered the town in uniform. The UCK took control
of the police station.
Two hundred people from Zociste/Zozishte, Orahovac/Rrahovec municipality,
were allegedly forced to leave as 55 of their houses were burned. They
took refuge in Orahovac/Rrahovec.
A Kosovo Serb from a village near Orahovac/Rrahovec was allegedly taken
by the UCK (see 27 th June).
Between the 14th and 16th June about 600 Serbs from
the centre of Orahovac/Rrahovec fled their homes and moved to the Serbian
quarter of the town.
15 th to 30 th June
Five Kosovo Albanians were stopped at a UCK checkpoint in Jablanica/Jabllanice,
Djakovica/Gjakove municipality (south of Pec/Peje) between 16:00 hours
and 17:00 hours. Two of the Albanians were allegedly taken away and have
not been seen since.
The Centre for Peace and Tolerance (CPT) opened an office in Pristina/Prishtine.
16 th June
It was reported that an estimated 5,000 Roma were forcibly expelled by
Kosovo Albanians from the Roma district in south Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice.
Most of their houses were said to have been looted and burned. Kosovo Albanians
also allegedly expelled Roma from Stari Trg/Stariterg (north of Kosovska
Mitrovica/Mitrovice) and from other areas in the south of Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice
town. This occurred over a period up until 30th June. /
17 th June
Five Kosovo Albanian males who were described as wearing green camouflage
uniforms with UCK insignia stopped a Kosovo Serb in Gnjilane/Gjilan. The
victim was released allegedly after he handed over 11,266 Dinar.
KFOR resisted a UCK attempt to occupy the former VJ Headquarters in Urosevac/Ferizaj
(south of Pristina/Prishtine). However, UCK in the area occupied two buildings,
a school and two factories.
The Council for the Defence of Human Rights and Freedoms (CDHRF) restarted
its activities in Pristina/Prishtine.
The UCK appointed the former Deputy Spokesman for the UCK in Albania, as
the 'mayor' of Prizren/Prizren..
Men in reportedly in UCK uniforms took four Kosovo Serb males from their
homes in Orahovac/Rrahovec. They were told that they were being taken for
questioning. One man escaped and said that he had received a severe beating
from the UCK soldiers and that he saw another of the men dead in the fire
station. None of the other two were seen alive again either. All were over
18 th June
KFOR entered Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice.
Five thousand Kosovo Serb civilians left Urosevac/Ferizaj in a vehicle
convoy under an KFOR escort. Some 500 other Kosovo Serbs gathered at the
Urosevac/Ferizaj train station to await transportation out of the province.
18 th June to 2nd July
500 Kosovo Serbs left Kosovo/Kosova from the Urosevac/Ferizaj train station
for other parts of Serbia.
UNHCR reported that 50,000 refugees had returned to Kosovo/Kosova over
the previous three days. It was not known whether these were permanent
returns or temporary visits to assess the situation.
ICRC reported that approximately 50-60,000 Kosovo Serb civilians had left
Kosovo/Kosova in the previous two weeks.
The UCK in Urosevac/Ferizaj invited pre- 1990 employees of the municipal
post office to return to work.
The acting director of Elektro Kosovo in Urosevac/Ferizaj reported that
260 Kosovo Serbs had left in the previous three days. Fifty Kosovo Albanian
workers remained to run the company.
A Kosovo Serb was wounded in a drive-by shooting in Pristina/Prishtine.
Serb forces finished their withdrawal from KFOR-designated Zone Two (west
and east of Pristina/Prishtine).
KFOR soldiers entered the Prizren/Prizren police station. They relieved
the UCK of their weapons and took over the building. KFOR found and released
15 detainees. One 73-year-old man was found dead, handcuffed to a chair.
The UCK claimed that he died of a heart attack. Three of the released men
claimed to have been arrested by the UCK in their village, brought to police
station and severely beaten for 48 hours. They said that their family members
were also badly beaten, but that the UCK had released them. The whereabouts
of the family members were unknown.
Municipal Council activities recommenced in Prizren/Prizren.
Men described as wearing UCK uniforms took a 67-year-old Kosovo Serb male
and 35-year-old Kosovo Serb male to Orahovac/Rrahovec 'police' station.
The younger man was released after KFOR intervened. The 67 year old has
not been seen since.
19 th June
Twenty-seven Kosovo Serb men were allegedly abducted by the UCK or disappeared
and were not seen again by their families.
20 th June
Four or five UCK members reportedly detained a Kosovo Serb in Koretin/Koretin
(south of Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica). The victim was released on 22nd
June after having been ill-treated. Cuts to his face and broken teeth were
Three Kosovo Albanians and two Kosovo Serbs were killed in an ambush in
Gnjilane/Gjilan. Reportedly, the two Kosovo Serb victims were being held
captive by the three Kosovo Albanian victims.
A Kosovo Serb male was allegedly abducted from Gojbulja/Gojbuje, (south
east of Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice).
Three Kosovo Serbs were allegedly held and interviewed by UCK 'police.'
They were then handed to KFOR.
In Belo Polje/Bellopoje, Pec/Peje municipality, three Kosovo Serb villagers
were shot dead, allegedly by the UCK. A fourth Serb was critically injured.
The Serb villagers were reportedly given 15 minutes to pack their belongings.
After several shots were heard nearby, all the villagers left with KFOR.
A UCK Brigade Commander took over command of the UCK in the Orahovac/Rrahovec
In Belo Polje/Bellopoje, Pec/Peje municipality, three bodies were found.
They appeared to be lying where they had been killed, one on the street
and two in houses. Villagers had been evacuated to Montenegro on 19th
June leaving their houses intact. Many houses were now burned.
Two males were reportedly taken from their homes in the Roma quarter of
Orahovac/Rrahovec by men claiming to be from the UCK. The two detainees
have not been seen since.
A priest from the Pec/Peje Patriarchy went to Belo Polje/Bellopoje accompanied
by relatives to bury the bodies of the three dead villagers. KFOR provided
The UCK in Pec/Peje market square stopped a truck carrying young FARK recruits
from Albania. The UCK commander insulted the FARK recruits saying that
they were cowards who betrayed their country and arrived too late to fight.
The UCK then reportedly proceeded to search the FARK recruits for weapons.
Four elderly Kosovo Serb males were murdered near Slivovo/Slivove, Pristina/Prishtine
municipality. Three were stabbed and one was shot.
A Roma man was abducted and assaulted by men in UCK uniform in Pristina/Prishtine.
The Yugoslav Red Cross opened a centre for Kosovo Serb IDPs in Bresje,
Kosovo Polje/Fushe Kosove municipality .
23rd to 24 th June
A Kosovo Serb was detained by two Kosovo Albanian civilians and held in
the UCK Headquarters in Gnjilane/Gjilan. Two people in UCK uniforms reportedly
ill-treated the victim before an Albanian civilian ordered the perpetrators
to stop. The victim was taken to a KFOR base.
One Kosovo Serb was reportedly abducted while on his way from Gnjilane/Gjilan
to nearby Gornje Kusce.
Four Kosovo Serb males were reported missing in Pristina/Prishtine.
A Kosovo Serb male was murdered in Podujevo/Podujeve.
Two Kosovo Serbs males, a 63-year-old and a 65-year-old went missing in
Orahovac/Rrahovec. They had gone to check on a house near local vineyards
but were last seen being dragged into the UCK 'police' station.
Four bodies of Kosovo Serbs were found near Brnjaca, Orahovac/Rrahovec
municipality. Their hands had been tied with wire and they had been shot
at close range. One male victim was identified. He had allegedly detained
on 14 th June by the UCK. The other three bodies were not identified
at the time.
Three western journalists spending the night in a Serb apartment in Pec/Peje
reportedly received a midnight visit from three UCK members who were armed.
Some hours later the journalists allegedly received a telephone call from
a woman speaking Serbo-Croat who claimed she was being harassed by the
UCK. She asked the journalists to go and inform KFOR. They declined for
fear that it might be a trap.
24 th June
KFOR guarded 300 Kosovo Serbs in the Patriarchy in Pec/Peje. A number of
Kosovo Serbs had approached the OSCE asking for help to regain possession
of their homes.
The first OSCE reconnaissance team arrived to Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice.
Two Kosovo Serbs who went missing were allegedly detained by the UCK in
The OSCE established a Human Rights Contact Office in the Headquarters
building in Pristina/Prishtine.
25 th June
In Gnjilane/Gjilan, two Kosovo Albanian civilians claiming to work for
the UCK allegedly threatened a Kosovo Serb with a pistol. The victim was
released after he handed over his own weapon, a handgun, and some ammunition.
A Kosovo Serb was alleged to have been seriously beaten by three members
of the UCK over a period of seven hours in Zegra/Zheger (south of Gnjilane/Gjilan).
The victim was later taken to Gnjilane/Gjilan Hospital by KFOR.
In Gnjilane/Gjilan, a Kosovo Serb male interviewee reported that four men
in UCK uniform had expelled him and his family from their house. The interviewee
claimed that he was ill-treated, that his son was threatened with a hand
grenade and that their passports were destroyed. The family were too afraid
to return to their house.
A member of the UCK allegedly abducted four Kosovo Serb males from a house
in Gojbulja/Gojbuje, Vucitrn/Vushtrri municipality (south of Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice).
One of the four was later released.
A Kosovo Serb male was shot dead while moving out of his apartment near
A Kosovo Serb water engineer went missing on his way to work in the Obilic/Obiliq
area (north of Pristina). KFOR found his body near pipelines a week later.
KFOR informed the OSCE that the public services were running in Prizren/Prizren
and that KFOR was paying the salaries as a short-term measure. KFOR expressed
concern over who would take on the payment responsibilities.
In Prizren/Prizren, as of 24th June, KFOR had arrested 100 persons
who were suspected of being involved in robbery, looting, assault and rape.
The detained persons were kept in the Prizren/Prizren police station's
OSCE met, the 'Protojerej' of the Orthodox Church in Prizren/Prizren. The
Church representative expressed deep concern about crimes against the Serbian
community mentioning killing, raping and the looting of Serbian property.
The representative said that the Serbs who had committed crimes had already
left and those who remained behind did not have 'dirty hands.' The 'Protojerej'
said that the Orthodox Church enjoyed good relations with the Catholic
Church but did have contact with the Muslim community.
The OSCE met the Catholic Priest of Prizren/Prizren. He said that approximately
2,500 Catholics lived in the Prizren/Prizren area before the March 1999
fighting started. The Priest said the Catholic community had not been specifically
discriminated against before or since the war. He believed that relations
with other kosovo.netmunities would not be problematic since all the Catholics
are Kosovo Albanians.
OSCE in Prizren/Prizren met the former local President of the Kosovo Albanian
Council for Human Rights and Freedom. During the period of OSCE-KVM he
had provided information concerning human rights violations and co-ordinated
humanitarian affairs for the self-styled municipal authority.
Security remained the prime concern in Prizren/Prizren with 20 to 30 crimes
per day. There were daily evictions of Kosovo Serbs, Roma and Kosovo Albanians
alleged to be collaborators. Their houses were then looted. Good co-operation
existed with the UCK appointed local authorities but KFOR urged the UCK
to acknowledge their responsibility for crimes committed in their name.
Approximately 3,200 Kosovo Serbs were still living in Orahovac/Rrahovec;
201 of them from nearby Zociste. The Serbian mayor was still in the town.
The Albanian population was estimated to be 10,000 persons. The UCK had
taken over, re-appointing the former Albanian mayor. The UCK was the only
organisation fulfilling a political role in this area.
In Orahovac/Rrahovec the public services such as water, electricity and
the hospital were all functioning relatively well.
KFOR and UCK co-operation in Orahovac/Rrahovec was good. The relationship
between the Kosovo Serbs and the Kosovo Albanians however remained very
An estimated 60-70% of Suva Reka/Suhareke (north east of Prizren/Prizren)
was looted and burned. Approximately 5,000 Kosovo Albanians were living
in the town compared with a pre-war figure of 20,000. All the Kosovo Serbs,
previously 10-15% of the inhabitants had left. The UCK had taken control
in Suva Reka/Suhareke.
The crime rate in Suva Reka/Suhareke was high with reports of numerous
revenge actions, allegedly being committed by the UCK.
Around 25 th June
UCK-uniformed men allegedly abducted a Kosovo Serb male in Gnjilane/Gjilan.
One Kosovo Serb was reportedly detained and ill-treated by UCK members
at the UCK Headquarters in Gnjilane/Gjilan.
A Kosovo Serb claimed to have been taken by the UCK to their Headquarters
in Gnjilane/Gjilan and forced to hand over his weapon. The victim was also
reportedly forced to hand over his vehicle.
A Kosovo Serb was reportedly detained for one hour and ill-treated at the
UCK HQ in Gnjilane/Gjilan.
A Kosovo Serb male was murdered in Podujevo/Podujeve (north of Pristina/Prishtine).
There were approximately 85 persons temporarily housed in the Bogoslovija
Seminary school in Prizren/Prizren. Of these, 63 were Kosovo Serbs, 20
Kosovo Albanians and two Roma. KFOR provided protection because these persons
expressed fear of being attacked by Kosovo Albanians and some of them showed
signs of having been subjected to torture. All of them were afraid of the
UCK. The average age of those in the school was 55-60 years. Several persons
did not know the fate of their families.
The situation between the Muslim Slavs (Gora/Dragashi) and the Kosovo Albanians
in Dragas/Dragash, was very tense. At a meeting with the first self-appointed
Gora/Dragashi 'mayor', he said that the Muslim Slav directors of private
and public enterprises had been thrown out of their posts and replaced
by Kosovo Albanians. He claimed that 10-15% of the Muslim Slav population
had left for other parts of Serbia, Montenegro or the former Yugoslav Republic
of Macedonia. He said this would continue to happen if the security conditions
did not improve.
The UCK issued an order that all Serbian shop signs should be removed or
their windows would be broken. Despite KFOR efforts to prevent this from
happening windows were broken. The UCK order also prohibited the playing
of Serbian music.
26 th June
Returning Kosovo Albanian refugees shot and killed four Kosovo Serbs from
Rudice, Klina/Kline municipality (east of Pec/Peje).
27 th June
Three unknown men abducted two Roma men from Zac, Istok/Istog municipality
(north east of Pec/Peje). Family members could identify two of the perpetrators.
One of them was arrested by KFOR.
In Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice a large crowd of Kosovo Serbs gathered
on the northern side of the bridge in order to prevent KFOR-negotiated,
Kosovo Albanian access to the Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice Hospital. KFOR
blocked the bridge to prevent any confrontation.
OSCE went to Mamusa/Mamushe in Prizren/Prizren municipality. Mamusa/Mamushe
is a mixed village with approximately 6,000 Turks, 1,000 Kosovo Albanians
and a few Roma families. Out of a total of 450 houses, 20 owned by Kosovo
Albanians were destroyed. The Mayor of Mamusa/Mamushe said that there were
no problems between the two communities. In the centre of the village,
the Albanian and Turkish flags were flying together. A few UCK-uniformed
personnel were seen in the village.
28 th June
KFOR were providing protection for the isolated community of 3,200 Kosovo
Serbs who were gathered in crowded conditions in the Serbian quarter of
Orahovac/Rrahovec. IDPs from nearby Zociste were reported to have finished
a hunger strike aimed at forcing their evacuation from Orahovac/Rrahovec.
The house of a Roma was burned in Orahovac/Rrahovec.
In Gnjilane/Gjilan, a Kosovo Serb was allegedly ill-treated by UCK members.
The Serb's shop was looted, occupied and a UCK insignia was placed above
the door to the premises.
A Kosovo Albanian on his way to work at the Gnjilane/Gjilan PTT (Post and
Telecom) was harassed and ill-treated by two alleged UCK members.
A Kosovo Serb male claimed that he was ambushed, beaten, interrogated and
then released near Gnjilane/Gjilan by two men in UCK uniforms.
Kosovo Serbs, former managers of the Trepca Mining Company, unsuccessfully
tried to gain access to the Trepce-owned mines south of Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice.
A Muslim Slav from Kovrage, Istok/Istog municipality, disappeared. He was
last seen on his way to Djurakovac (north east of Pec/Peje).
In Pec/Peje a Kosovo Albanian man was shot and wounded in the shoulder.
An estimated 200 Kosovo Albanians entered the Radio and Television (RTV)
broadcasting building in Pristina/Prishtine and attempted to evict the
Kosovo Serb employees.
A shooting incident occurred in Orahovac/Rrahovec. A pregnant Kosovo Serb
woman was transported from Velika Hoca/Hoce e Madhe to Orahovac/Rrahovec
for treatment. Four Kosovo Serb males accompanied her. One of these opened
fire at three men in UCK uniform, wounding all of them, one seriously.
The Kosovo Serb gunman was detained by KFOR and remained in detention in
Prizren/Prizren awaiting trial.
In Orahovac/Rrahovec, a Roma was taken from his home by men claiming to
be UCK. He was not seen again.
30 th June
A Kosovo Albanian appointed by the Gnjilane/Gjilan Hospital Board on 21st
June was replaced, reportedly by a relative of the Director.
The remains of an elderly Roma leader were found by KFOR in his burned
In Pristina/Prishtine, the Kosovo Information Centre, a Kosovo Albanian
news agency, resumed its activities.
In Prizren/Prizren, four representatives of the Muslim Slavs went to the
OSCE office. They said that there were some 20,500 Muslim Slavs in the
town and approximately 14,700 in the Gora/Dragashi region. According to
the representatives, there were 78,700 Muslim Slavs in the Prizren/Prizren
region at the last FRY census.
End of June
18 Krajina Serb IDPs claimed that they were forcibly evicted from their
accommodation in Novo Brodo/Novo Berde (north of Gnjilane/Gjilan) by the
UCK. One Krajina Serb was killed and another had his leg broken during
the same incident.
The bodies were found of 19 members of one family, the Imeraj family in
Rakos, Istok/Istog municipality . The family was killed on 26 March.
A mass grave with approximately 96 unidentified bodies was found in Istok/Istog.
July 1999 Daily Reports Chronology
A Kosovo Albanian from Sinaje, Istok/Istog municipality, was reportedly
abducted by the UCK. He was a member of FARK.
Four elderly Serbs reportedly disappeared from Stupelj, Klina/Kline municipality.
They have never been seen since.
Several hundred Roma sought shelter at an elementary school in Kosovo Polje/Fushe
Kosove. This precipitated the arrival of hundreds of Roma from all over
Kosovo/Kosova, particularly from Pristina/Prishtine where the intimidation
and harassment against Roma was reported to be especially serious. The
population of the make-shift Roma IDP camp reached upwards of 5,000 people
In Gnjilane/Gjilan three Kosovo Albanians claiming to be UCK members abducted
two Kosovo Serb males loading goods on a truck. They were reportedly interrogated
in the former VJ club about their whereabouts during the conflict. One
victim was said to have been severely beaten with a stick.
KFOR troops in Zitinje and Trpeza, Vitina/Viti municipality reported that
houses were being burned during the night. In Gnjilane/Gjilan the situation
of lawlessness had not changed with several criminal gangs looting Kosovo
Serb flats and expelling Serb families from their homes. The Kosovo Albanian
population also reported feeling unsafe. An increased KFOR presence in
residential areas was requested.
Several reports have been received from Kosovo Albanians and Kosovo Serbs
that the VJ and MUP tried to keep the paramilitaries out of Gnjilane/Gjilan
during the conflict. This might partly explain the relatively small number
of IDPs in Gnjilane/Gjilan town.
In Zegra/Zheger, Gnjilane/Gjilan municipality, the LDK leader admitted
that the current lawlessness was motivated by revenge. He said that the
Albanian population had started to burn and loot Serbian houses when they
returned to the area and saw the state of their own homes. A quickly established
UN local administration was, according the LDK leader, the only factor
that could prevent the situation from deteriorating further.
Two Kosovo Serb males were abducted on the outskirts of Gnjilane/Gjilan.
KFOR and OSCE intervened by speaking with local UCK leadership and both
men were released.
Tension was reported to be rising in Zitinje, in Vitina/Viti municipality
(south of Gnjilane/Gjilan). Zitinje was a mixed village with a 50% Kosovo
Serb and 50% Kosovo Albanian population. The house of the Kosovo Serb leader
in the village was set on fire. According to KFOR the perpetrators were
two local Kosovo Albanians.
Four persons claiming to be UCK took possession of a Roma male's vehicle
and tractor in Klina/Kline.
According to KFOR all the Kosovo Serbs had left Suva Reka/Suhareke (north
east of Prizren/Prizren) and the surrounding villages of Ljubizhda, Mohlorn,
Reqan, Dvoran, Mushtishte and Sopia.
A KFOR Officer said that approximately 50 Roma left the village Leshane,
Suva Reka/Suhareke municipality, and went to KFOR location to look for
protection from the Kosovo Albanians. After discussions with the Kosovo
Albanian villagers, KFOR troops managed to calm the situation and the Roma
were brought back to Leshane.
The same KFOR Officer said that there were not many reports about present
human rights violations but people were still reporting human rights violations
that took place during the bombing.
Houses were burning in Rogotovo, Zegra/Zheger and Prilepnica/Perlepnice,
in the Gnjilane/Gjilan municipality. Three families were expelled from
Prilepnica/Perlepnice to Kusce and two houses were burned.
The situation in the town of Gnjilane/Gjilan was still tense. Kosovo Serb
houses were again looted and the owners reportedly expelled by gangs.
OSCE staff tried without success to make contact with the Serbian population
in Zitinje, Vitina/Viti municipality. Reports had been received that the
Kosovo Serbs were going to leave the village. OSCE did visit the Kosovo
Serb leader whose barn was burned on 1st July to try and convince
him that the people should stay.
In Urosevac/Ferizaj two Serb families alleged harassment and looting by
Albanian gangs coming from outside the town. The apartment of an old lady
had apparently been looted a short time before the arrival of the OSCE
Human Rights team.
Three Kosovo Albanians were taken into custody in Djakovica/Gjakove apparently
by the UCK and brought to Rogova (south of Djakovica/Gjakove) where they
were forced to spend the night. Two of the detainees were released but
the third has not been seen since.
Four Kosovo Serbs were killed in their house in Istok/Istog. Two of the
victims had been shot, one of whom appeared to have been tortured first.
The other two victims were killed by blows to the head. The house was set
on fire with the four bodies inside. One of the victims had been identified.
A Kosovo Serb electrician was reportedly abducted from his workplace at
the Pristina/Prishtine power station.
In Pristina/Prishtine, UNMIK appointed judges start reviewing cases of
persons detained by KFOR.
UNHCR in Pristina/Prishtine reported that 523,900 refugees had returned
'Kosovo Day', commemorating the declaration of Kosovo independence by the
Kosovo Albanian opposition nine years ago, was celebrated in the region.
Several thousand Kosovo Albanians gathered in the centre of Pristina/Prishtine.
Some Albanians burned Yugoslav flags, tore down Serbian signs and toppled
a marble statue of a 19 Century Serb Nationalist hero. A vehicle carrying
eight passengers drove past the Serb Civil Administration Building in the
city and one of the passengers fired an automatic weapon. In response a
KFOR patrol fired shots at the vehicle, killing one person and seriously
wounding three others.
A Roma male was taken from his home in the Roma quarter of Orahovac/Rrahovec
by men claiming to be from the UCK.
4 th July
A visit to Prilepnica/Perlepnice, Gnjilane/Gjilan municipality, revealed
that all Serbian houses were untouched but the population had left the
village. Kosovo Albanian residents informed the OSCE that sons of one Kosovo
Serb family had served as paramilitaries in the Croatian and Bosnian conflicts.
The Kosovo Albanians claimed that the Kosovo Serbs had tried to set their
own houses on fire.
KFOR reported the expulsion of 40 Roma families from Vucitrn/Vushtrri .
The remaining Roma community of approximately 20 persons requested KFOR
In Klina/Kline an Albanian speaking group claiming to be the UCK reportedly
threatened a Roma family and attempted to force their way into their house.
The situation in Prizren/Prizren was described as very calm.
The OSCE Human Rights team in Prizren/Prizren was requested by the UNMIK
Interim Civil Administration to conduct interviews of candidates for the
Judiciary. The OSCE interviewed nine persons.
A mine exploded in southern Prizren/Prizren killing a Kosovo Albanian and
injuring two others. A KFOR soldier was also injured. The circumstances
surrounding the incident were not clear.
Around midnight a major explosion was heard in Prizren/Prizren town. A
bronze statue of Tsar Dusan had been blown up. One person had been arrested.
5 th July
A 47-year-old Kosovo Serb male from Bostane was reportedly executed by
Kosovo Albanians, allegedly UCK, in Klobukar, Novo Brodo/Novo Berde municipality.
A 31-year-old Kosovo Serb male from Silovo disappeared on his way from
the village to nearby Gnjilane/Gjilan. He was last seen by KFOR at the
crossroads to Malisevo.
Three Kosovo Serb males, aged 35, 49 and 54, (two from Klokot and one from
Vitina/Viti) were allegedly abducted by unknown persons in Donje Livoc
(south of Gnjilane/Gjilan). The victims were coming back into Kosovo from
southern Serbia with a tractor.
The first elements of the KFOR contingent arrived in Prizren/Prizren to
a very warm welcome. They continued to Dragas/Dragash where they were to
An 18-year-old Kosovo Serb and two elderly Kosovo Serbs were injured when
unknown gunmen fired several rounds at a vehicle driving from Pasanje to
Donja Budriga, Gnjilane/Gjilan municipality. The 18-year-old survived the
initial encounter but died later in a KFOR hospital. KFOR began investigations
into the matter.
IDPs from Bujanovac and Presevo (east of Gnjilane/Gjilan, across the Kosovo/Kosova
boundary) started arriving in Gnjilane/Gjilan. An Albanian male from Cuker,
Bujanovac municipality, alleged that on 26th June he was ill-treated
by men wearing green camouflage uniforms, short hair and earrings. The
victim was maltreated with a knife and rope and then beaten with the butt
of a machine gun. He said that he was asked about several residents of
Several houses were burned in the Roma quarter of Gnjilane/Gjilan allegedly
by Kosovo Albanians. It was unclear whether the Roma had left Gnjilane/Gjilan
or were in hiding as OSCE Officers could not manage to identify any Roma
to take a statement. Two Roma did however approach KFOR.
OSCE Human Rights Officers visited Letnica the only village in the Gnjilane/Gjilan
region with an exclusively ethnic Croat population. The mood in the village
was reported to be one of despair and resignation. The population said
they felt trapped between Kosovo Serbs and Kosovo Albanians and that they
lacked representatives in higher authorities. The Croat community had been
living in Letnica for approximately 400 years having historically been
displaced from the Dalmatian coast. The remaining community of 450 were
considering going to Croatia.
Unknown perpetrators in Gnjilane/Gjilan reportedly abducted a 35-year-old
Kosovo Serb male. An unknown person from a vehicle parked in a side street
approached the Serb. When the Serb left his own vehicle he was forced into
the perpetrator's car and driven away.
A convoy of 13 Kosovo Serb vehicles from Zegra/Zheger, Gnjilane/Gjilan
municipality, escorted by KFOR, headed towards the Kosovo boundary destined
for Presevo in southern Serbia.
UNHCR informed the OSCE that 15 Krajina Serbs, refugees from Croatia had
been escorted to Bujanovac over the Kosovo boundary. The Serbs said that
they did not want to wait until the UNHCR or IOM could organise their transfer
KFOR found the body of a Kosovo Serb male in a mixed residential area of
Gnjilane/Gjilan. Neighbours reported a smell coming from an apartment and
alerted KFOR. When the door was forced the man was found tied to a chair
with his throat cut. A bloodstained knife, the deceased's ID and a military
booklet belonging to his son were found. No one in the building admitted
to hearing or seeing anything.
In Gnjilane/Gjilan, a crowd claiming allegiance to the self-proclaimed
UCK civilian administration tried to occupy the office of the Yugoslav
Red Cross. Representatives of the Mother Teresa Society mediated and the
An OSCE Human Rights Officer took the statement of an eyewitness and one
indirect witness to the alleged kidnapping of a Kosovo Serb in the Gnjilane/Gjilan
town centre on the afternoon of 25 th June.
In Stupelj, Klina/Kline municipality a group of Kosovo Albanians claiming
to be UCK entered the compound of a family and confiscated their tractor.
The head of the family and son is said to have been threatened at gunpoint.
In Pec/Peje, a former OSCE local employee reported that she was sitting
with other Kosovo Albanian friends at an ice cream parlour owned by a Muslim
Slav (Gora/Dragashi) when an UCK member passed by and told them they could
not give money to the Gora/Dragashis 'who were their enemies.' The customers
all had to leave. The ice-cream parlour was closed on 6th July
but re-opened a few days later.
Two Roma males were reportedly kidnapped in Pristina/Prishtine.
A Muslim Slav television engineer from Orcusa, Gora/Dragashi municipality
, was killed in Lipljan/Lipjan.Hewas in the market with two Serbian friends
when he was attacked. His throat was slashed and he was stabbed five times
in the chest. He was a native of Lipljan/Lipjan and was buried in the village.
A Muslim Slav (Gora/Dragashi) representative, met KFOR. He said that the
Muslim Slav community in Prizren/Prizren faced harassment through threatening
phone calls, looting and occupation of houses. He was particularly concerned
about the dismissal of Muslim Slav health personnel from the Prizren/Prizren
Hospital and their replacement by Kosovo Albanians. The Director of the
hospital and a dentist had received threats. The dentist's house was occupied
but KFOR successfully intervened to stop the same happening to the Director's
In Dragas/Dragash, Gora/Dragashi municipality, the Muslim Slav acting director
of the textile factory, was replaced by the Kosovo Albanian ex-director.
The Kosovo Albanian ex-employees from 1991 have also replaced other workers.
However, the factory had not been producing material for some time.
6th to 11th July:
Kosovo Serbs reported recent incidents to the OSCE and Kosovo Albanians
passed information about events that happened during the conflict but otherwise,
in Gnjilane/Gjilan the overall situation seemed calmer. A rotation of KFOR
troops took place with US Marines handing over to the US KFOR Army.
Three Kosovo Albanian men in black uniforms abducted a 51-year-old Kosovo
Serb male from his flat in Gnjilane/Gjilan. The men, wearing UCK insignia,
had earlier allegedly beaten the victim when they had entered his flat
asking for weapons.
The Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice UN Regional Administrator arrived in the
town. A long series of negotiations began on the freedom of movement within
An explosion damaged two high-voltage power line pylons and caused a power
failure in the Strpce/Shterpce area (a predominantly Serb enclave, east
of Prizren/Prizren). The lines served electricity to a Serbian community
and deliberate sabotage was suspected. Power was restored on 24 th
Twelve cases of arson were reported in the Pristina/Prishtine municipality.
A Kosovo Serb male was reported missing in the Pristina/Prishtine area.
Ten Kosovo Serb doctors and nurses at the Lipljan/Lipjan Medical Centre
(south of Pristina/Prishtine) were assaulted by four Kosovo Albanians.
The situation in Orahovac/Rrahovec was described as tense.
Serb and Roma houses continued to be burned in Pec/Peje at a rate of two
or three a day although according to KFOR the daily average had declined
from the 10 houses recorded two weeks earlier.
Several Roma and Kosovo Serb houses were burned in Gnjilane/Gjilan.
In Gnjilane/Gjilan, a Kosovo Serb female was harassed by five unknown perpetrators
some of whom were reported to be wearing uniforms with UCK badges. They
entered her flat and asked for her husband's weapons. They are said to
have intimidated the victim by playing with a hand grenade and a gun.
The situation in Cernica and Gornji Livoc (south of Gnjilane/Gjilan) was
still tense with shooting reported every night. In Gornji Livoc one Kosovo
Albanian was killed as a result of the shooting.
A peaceful demonstration of 5,000 Kosovo Albanians walked through the north
of Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice town, a part dominated by the Kosovo Serbs.
The demonstration had previously been negotiated with the Kosovo Serb leadership
and the international community.
OSCE reported that in Bostane, (west of Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica) and
nearby Klobukar many houses were burned. A Human Rights Officer visited
and interviewed nine Krajina Serbs (Serb refugees from Croatia) who had
been evicted from Novo Brodo/Novo Berde on 30th June allegedly
by the UCK. They moved to Bostane. During the eviction, one 50-year-old
Kosovo Serb male was killed and another aged 70 was reportedly injured.
One local Serb from Bostane was allegedly executed in Ceranovica on 4th
July. Two eyewitnesses had disappeared but were believed to be hiding in
the mountains. Personal security was one of the main issues for the Krajina
refugees along with a lack of freedom of movement, food and shelter. OSCE
Human Rights Officers conveyed the information KFOR who undertook to patrol
the area more frequently.
An OSCE Human Rights Officer interviewed an eyewitness to an alleged abduction
by two civilians of a Kosovo Serb, a former OSCE employee, in the centre
of Gnjilane/Gjilan on 5 th July. (See above GN 31)
The OSCE Human Rights Division received information from KFOR about the
abduction of two Kosovo Albanian males between Gornje Kusce and Prilepnica/Perlepnice
(north of Gnjilane/Gjilan). According to local sources, the two men were
being held for exchange with Kosovo Serbs held by Albanians.
The OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan intervened with the 'civilian
wing' of the UCK regarding three abducted Kosovo Serbs.
The President of the Executive Council of Presevo (south east of Gnjilane/Gjilan),
a member of the PDSh (an Albanian political party) enquired into the possibilities
of protecting the Albanian minority outside of Kosovo in southern Serbia.
The OSCE Human Rights Officer explained the limits of the UNMIK mandate
but proposed to transmit the information to the ICRC.
Unknown men reportedly beat an elderly Kosovo Serb woman in Istok/Istog
. The men fled when KFOR approached.
Five cases of arson were reported in the Pristina/Prishtine municipality.
Two Kosovo Serb males were murdered in separate attacks in the Pristina/Prishtine
Two Kosovo Albanians were reportedly abducted by the UCK in Pristina/Prishtine
in separate, but related incidents. Both had previously worked for the
Serb municipal authority.
A Kosovo Serb house was set on fire in Prizren/Prizren around midnight.
During the day another three houses were looted and burned. Unconfirmed
reports were received claiming that children were being used to start the
fires thereby reducing KFOR's response options.
Approximately 500 Kosovo Albanians demonstrated against the proposed Russian
KFOR deployment in Orahovac/Rrahovec.
A 26-year-old Kosovo Serb male from Vrbovac disappeared in Gnjilane/Gjilan.
He was last seen by a neighbour.
The tension in Gnjilane/Gjilan and in the nearby mixed villages of Cernica
and Gornje Livoc remains high. In the previous 24 hours several houses
were burned, three of them in the Roma part of the town. A grenade was
thrown into a private house in a mixed part of Gnjilane/Gjilan and three
Kosovo Serb females were wounded.
The security situation deteriorated in the mixed village of Cernica (south
of Gnjilane/Gjilan). Despite the presence of KFOR, uniformed UCK were still
visible in the streets and gunfire could be heard daily. A 36-year-old
Kosovo Serb claimed that he was arrested by the UCK in Gnjilane/Gjilan
on 1st July, taken to their Headquarters and interrogated for
three hours regarding his whereabouts during the conflict. He claimed he
was made to sign a statement in Albanian and then ill-treated.
OSCE Human Rights Officers reported that in the Gnjilane/Gjilan area Kosovo
Serbs did not enjoy freedom of movement or unimpeded access to food supplies
or jobs. The Serbs said that they felt unprotected and perceived that KFOR
was not impartial. In turn, Kosovo Albanians said they were not working
the land as they feared that the Kosovo Serbs were heavily armed.
UNHCR informed the Human Rights Department that so far 2,100 Albanian IDPs
had crossed the boundary into Kosovo and settled in the Gnjilane/Gjilan
region. Approximately 100 persons were arriving every day. UNHCR also said
that the Krajina Serbs would either be repatriated to Croatia or transferred
across the Kosovo boundary. It appeared that only a small number were ready
to return to Croatia. The problem of the isolated Serbian population was
discussed. The restrictions of freedom of movement due to the security
situation confined the Serbian population to their villages where often
there were no shops.
An OSCE Human Rights Officer, enquiring into the abduction of Kosovo Serbs
on 6th July in Gnjilane/Gjilan, took a statement from an eyewitness
and next of kin and an individual claiming co-detention with the Serbs.
Three Kosovo Serb males were murdered in separate attacks in the Pristina/Prishtine
A Kosovo Serb couple, both aged 70, were murdered in Stimlje/Shtime (north
west of Urosevac/Ferizaj).
Two Kosovo Serb males were reported missing in the Lipljan/Lipjan area
Threats were made at the Prizren/Prizren round-table meeting by the 'mayor'
of Orahovac/Rrahovec (north of Prizren/Prizren) that if Russian KFOR deployed
to Orahovac/Rrahovec the population would go to Albania. A further demonstration
was held against the Russian KFOR deployment. The burning of Kosovo Serb
houses in Orahovac/Rrahovec continued.
An incident of harassment was reported in Gnjilane/Gjilan. Several times
five men visited the flat of a mixed Kosovo Serb/Bulgarian couple asking
for weapons. A Kosovo Albanian in Gnjilane/Gjilan unlawfully detained a
37-year-old Kosovo Serb male from nearby Silovo. He was allegedly taken
into a building from which he returned with his face cut. The victim disappeared
on the same day when he tried to retrieve his vehicle.
A Kosovo Serb male was murdered in the Lipljan/Lipjan region.
OSCE Human Rights Officers received information from the Royal Military
Police (RMP) of a grenade attack against a Kosovo Serb property in the
Lipljan/Lipjan area. There were no injuries but extensive damage was reported.
One Muslim Slav (Gora/Dragashi) family (father, his elderly mother and
a teenage son) were attacked by a group of Kosovo Albanians while returning
home from Dragas/Dragash. Approximately 30 people threw stones at them
and beat the three family members. The father received injuries to the
head; the 70-year-old mother had bruises on her body. Two days later, on
11th July, two civilians went to the family's house with an
order demanding that he hand over his weapon, which he did. It was reported
that a UCK commander from the 'ministry of public order' had signed the
10th to 11th July
High tension was reported in the Gnjilane/Gjilan. Two houses in the centre
of the town were reported to be on fire and a shooting incident took place
in the town.
A 49-year-old Kosovo Serb male from Silovo, Gnjilane/Gjilan municipality,
reportedly disappeared on the way to Gnjilane/Gjilan in his vehicle. He
was going to talk to a UCK commander to enquire about another missing Kosovo
Kosovo Serbs, under escort from KFOR, visited the Orthodox Church and Cemetery
in south Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice.
The body of a Kosovo Albanian was found in the River Ibar in Grabovac,
Zvecan municipality (west of Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice). The deceased
had been reported missing on 25th June. The whereabouts of another
Kosovo Albanian who went missing at the same time was still unknown.
OSCE Human Rights Officers received a report of the UCK entering the house
of a Kosovo Albanian family in Djakovica/Gjakove. The family claimed to
have been intimidated and threatened. The house was searched but nothing
The bodies of a middle-aged Muslim Slav couple were found on a riverbank
in the centre of Pec/Peje. They had been subjected to inhuman and degrading
treatment or torture The identity of the couple was confirmed. They had
been accused of being Serb collaborators.
A Roma family was reportedly badly beaten in Pec/Peje.
Two Kosovo Serb males were murdered in Pristina/Prishtine.
In Pristina/Prishtine, a Roma woman and her family were reportedly taken
to a UCK Headquarters and beaten while their home was looted.
Serb houses in Prizren/Prizren were still being burned. Although the burning
appeared to have been conducted in an organised rather than random manner,
there was no indication that the local Kosovo Albanian authorities took
any action to prevent this. OSCE Human Rights Officers reported that the
local citizens did not condemn the action but were critical of the use
of children to start the fires. To what extent children were being used
was uncertain. Civilians were very reluctant to help KFOR put out the fires
and there were cases when roads were blocked by vehilces in order to hinder
the fire brigade.
The OSCE Human Rights team in Prizren/Prizren visited the Seminary in Prizren/Prizren
where there were 180 persons taking refuge including 25 Kosovo Albanians
and one Roma family consisting of ten people. About two thirds of the IDPs
were elderly and the rest were mainly children. There were two teenage
girls from mixed marriages.
It was reported that Muslim Slav (Gora/Dragashi) men employed in Dragas/Dragash
trading companies had lost their jobs. Albanians from nearby Opolje had
replaced them. An Albanian in a senior position advised the Muslim Slavs
not to turn up for work.
A demonstration took place in Orahovac/Rrahovec against Russian KFOR.
OSCE visited Malisevo, Orahovac/Rrahovec municipality, to get a general
overview of the situation. The population considered shelter and food to
be the main problems but security was not a concern. About 60-70% of the
population of Malisevo and the surrounding area had now returned.The OSCE
Human Rights team talked to people from nearby Drenovac who also cited
lack of shelter as the main problem with up to 90% of their housing destroyed.
A shooting incident occurred in which a Kosovo Albanian was killed and
another seriously wounded by a Kosovo Serb gunman. According to KFOR this
was the consequence of a Kosovo Albanian threatening to kidnap the son
of an alleged Kosovo Serb paramilitary. KFOR confiscated four weapons including
automatic rifles (SKS-type) and hand-grenades.
Returnees to Pec/Peje reported to the Centre for the Defence of Human Rights
and Freedoms approximately 50 individual cases of unidentified
12 th July
Tension increased in Gnjilane/Gjilan and in the nearby area. KFOR considered
that the security risk for Kosovo Albanians in Gnjilane/Gjilan in general
was limited but for the Kosovo Serbs the risk was high. On the night 10th
– 11th July at least four Kosovo Serbian houses were reported
to be burning. Kosovo Serbs in the villages of Silovo, Kosaca and Pasjane
set up three roadblocks. Allegedly, the Kosovo Serbs were demonstrating
against the abduction of Kosovo Serb men in the area of Gnjilane/Gjilan.
International Mercy Corps (IMC) informed OSCE of certain threats against
the international agencies (especially the UN and UNHCR) by Kosovo Serbs
in Silovo, Gnjilane/Gjilan municipality. KFOR did not yet have a permanent
presence in the village.
In the afternoon two houses were burning in the centre of Gnjilane/Gjilan.
Later two more houses were reported to be burning in the same area. KFOR
and the fire brigade attended.
A Kosovo Albanian male and five Roma males were reportedly abducted and
beaten allegedly by the UCK in two separate incidents in Pristina/Prishtine.
In Orahovac/Rrahovec approximately 10,000 Kosovo Albanians demonstrated.
Rumours were heard that Kosovo Serbs in the town were calling Kosovo Albanians
and issuing threats about what would happen when Russian KFOR arrived.
A male from Djakovica/Gjakove, a guest of the Roma community in Orahovac/Rrahovec,
was detained by men reportedly wearing UCK uniforms. He was not seen again.
A 45-year-old Kosovo Serb male disappeared in Gnjilane/Gjilan.
A Kosovo Serb/Bulgarian couple in Gnjilane/Gjilan returned home in the
evening to find their apartment had been searched and some belongings stolen.
(see above GN 60)
In Gnjilane/Gjilan, nine buildings were set on fire within a six-hour period.
Some of them were totally destroyed. The two fire engines were insufficient
to deal with the number of incidents. The KFOR Military Police arrested
two Kosovo Albanians for arson.
Unofficial roadblocks continued to be a problem in Gnjilane/Gjilan. Kosovo
Albanians were establishing them to prevent Kosovo Serbs entering the town.
The Serbs had wanted to get to Gnjilane/Gjilan in order to hold their own
demonstration against the kidnapping of Kosovo Serbs.
Near Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica five or six Kosovo Albanian youths reportedly
attempted at gunpoint to confiscate the vehicle of a Kosovo Serb female.
A Roma man was allegedly kidnapped in front of his home in Urosevac/Ferizaj
by four Kosovo Albanian men and one Kosovo Albanian woman. As a result
of this incident Roma were reported to be leaving the area.
A Kosovo Serb man was abducted from his home in Pristina/Prishtine reportedly
by men wearing UCK uniforms.
Six grenade attacks against Kosovo Serbs were reported in Lipljan/Lipjan
municipality injuring at least four Kosovo Serbs.
Two cases of arson against Roma were reported in the Lipljan/Lipjan municipality.
The new Regional Commander of UNMIK Police in Prizren/Prizren arrived with
eight other international police officers. They were in the process of
identifying office accommodation in the town.
Twenty three houses were burned in Prizren/Prizren between 10th
and 12th July. KFOR increased the number of foot patrols in
the Kosovo Serb quarter leading to a reduction in arson in that area but
incidents of burning moved to the opposite side of the river. Although
KFOR said that they did not believe that elements of UCK were carrying
out these actions, according to inhabitants who contacted the OSCE, the
UCK were involved and they were reported to have pledged to continue the
OSCE Human Rights Officers went to Belobrad (south of Prizren/Prizren),
a village of 1081 inhabitants. The war destruction was modest; the looting
of houses by the Yugoslav Army during the conflict was said to be the main
problem. Most of the Kosovo Albanian inhabitants had escaped during the
fighting but a young boy and a woman were said to have been killed. A Kosovo
Albanian male lawyer also died. He went missing on 31 March and his body
was found by the UCK Brigade 127/128 on 16 September in Lugi Keq (west
of Prizren/Prizren near the Albanian border). The UCK Commander, alleged
that the lawyer had been tortured and burned.
An OSCE Human Rights team visiting Zrze, Orahovac/Rrahovec municipality
said that Roma and Kosovo Albanian representatives of the village reported
that there were no major problems.
14 th July
Four Kosovo Albanian males were reportedly ambushed on the way to Lastica
(south east of Gnjilane/Gjilan). The Kosovo Albanians were said to have
been taken out of their vehicle and shot dead. The assailants were reported
to have been in a vehicle that had come across the Kosovo boundary from
southern Serbia heading towards Pasjane (south east of Gnjilane/Gjilan).
The situation remained uneasy in Gnjilane/Gjilan and in the nearby Kosovo
Serb villages. KFOR Military Police (MP) arrested 19 people, mainly Kosovo
Albanians in connection with curfew and weapon violations, looting and
destruction of property. The MPs had also detained UCK 'policemen' who
were carrying weapons and handcuffs.
Three houses were burned in Gnjilane/Gjilan. KFOR arrested seven individuals
for damage to property, weapon violations and arson. Twenty-nine were also
arrested for breaking the curfew. Checkpoints continued to be established
around Kosovo Serb villages.
A Kosovo Serb, a former member of the VJ (Yugoslav Army), was reported
to have been kidnapped in Pristina/Prishtine.
Three attempted murders of Kosovo Serbs were reported in Stimlje/Shtime.
Arson against a Kosovo Serb property and a grenade attack against a Roma
were reported in Lipljan/Lipjan .
In Prizren/Prizren, a house was reported burning.
In Gora/Dragashi municipality (south of Prizren/Prizren), OSCE met the
Commander of KFOR. KFOR made the point that the Muslim Slavs were not being
treated in the local hospital and Kosovo Albanians were taking over flats
and jobs belonging to Muslim Slavs. The OSCE team also met with the self-appointed
Muslim Slav 'deputy mayor,' who said that Kosovo Serbs had used Gora/Dragashis
in a political game. The 'mayor' said Gora/Dragashis had followed and misused
their position and he wanted, as a basis for reconciliation, for the villagers
to sign a declaration in which they would apologise for their 'support'
of the 'genocide.'
In Orahovac/Rrahovec, the house of, a Roma and member of the Serbian security
forces, was burned.
15 th July
Two unknown persons wearing civilian clothes reportedly abducted a 46-year-old
Kosovo Serb male from his flat in Gnjilane/Gjilan. They allegedly told
the victim that the UCK wanted to interview him. He never returned.
An OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan met with the President of
the Executive Council of Presevo (in southern Serbia, across the Kosovo
boundary) who reiterated his concerns about the remaining Albanian population.
He was particularly concerned about the region of Karadak and bitterly
complained about the international community's inability to become involved
in that part of Serbia.
A Kosovo Serb male was murdered in Pristina/Prishtine.
OSCE Human Rights Officers interviewed an elderly Kosovo Serb male who
had arrived at the Prizren/Prizren Seminary on 10th July. He
had previously spent four months in Prizren/Prizren Hospital and discharged
himself after alleged threats from Kosovo Albanian patients and staff.
He returned to his house in Prizren/Prizren only to find it burned. He
collected a few remaining belongings and went to the Seminary. The OSCE
met two other Kosovo Serb men who had arrived at the Seminary after their
houses in Prizren/Prizren were also burned. The Seminary was overcrowded
with more people arriving daily to seek refuge. There were very limited
washing facilities and reports of a lack of bread.
On 15 th July a Kosovo Serb couple were killed in Gnjilane/Gjilan.
The victims, a male aged between 55 and 60 and a female aged between 50
and 55, had been living alone in their house in a Kosovo Albanian neighbourhood
since their son left Kosovo in June.
A bomb exploded in the market square of Vitina/Viti killing three persons
and injuring 16.
On or before 15th July a 39-year-old Kosovo Serb male from Gnjilane/Gjilan
reportedly disappeared from Pristina/Prishtine Hospital. The man had gone
to Pristina/Prishtine on 25 th May for treatment for a chest
disease. A neighbour visited him several times up to 1st July.
On 15 th July his wife was reportedly refused access to him.
Some time later she was informed that he had been released but no one had
seen him since.
An OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan met the local UCK Commander.
An intervention was made regarding the nine kidnapped Kosovo Serbs. The
Commander said that his troops were not responsible for such incidents.
Confronted with the fact that several eyewitnesses confirmed that the kidnappers
were wearing UCK uniforms and some of the assailants had stated that they
they belonged to the UCK, the Commander blamed 'the sick mind of the Serbian
people, inventing all kind of stories, which never turn out to be true.'
During an NGO meeting in Gnjilane/Gjilan, the UNMIK Interim Civil Administrator
reported that 300 UNMIK Police would be deployed in the area within two
An OSCE Human Rights team met with the President of the Roma community
in Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica. Allegedly nine houses were set on fire in
the town, thereby displacing 50 Roma out of Kosovo. The President said
that since the end of the conflict two Roma had been detained by Kosovo
Albanians, ill-treated and subsequently released. In nearby Koretin/Koretin
15 houses had been abandoned when the inhabitants left Kosovo for other
parts of southern Serbia. In Ogoste, the Roma had lived in 45 houses in
peaceful cohabitation with the Kosovo Albanians. Allegedly, the attitude
of the Albanians had changed dramatically in the previous weeks and all
the Roma in Ogoste went to Serbia, either to the refugee camps in Bujanovac
(east of Gnjilane/Gjilan) or to Belgrade. The situation was reported to
be the same in Sresovce where 10 houses had been burned and in Dohrovce
where Roma had left five houses. In Berivojce, where there were 55 Roma
families, people had started to leave. The main reasons given for this
displacement were a lack of security, kidnapping, restrictions to freedom
of movement, arson and denial of access to their former employment.
An OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan met with Kosovo Serb former
Mayor of the Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica municipality. He said that the
Kosovo Serbs in the municipality were leaving as a result of the number
of incidents. These included the killing of six Kosovo Serbs (9th
July) and the wounding of four other. He listed the incidents of arson
as: 13 houses in Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica, nine houses in Lestar, six
in Koretin/Koretin, six in Donja Sipasnica and three in Firiceje. The former
Mayor said that Kosovo Serbs had left from 11 villages (Koretin/Koretin,
Donja Sipasnica, Firiceje, Carakovce, Bratilovce, Kostadince, Lestar, Orahovica,
Strezovce, Vaganis and Gradjenik). The interlocutor also reported that
the majority of Kosovo Serb apartments in Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica had
been broken into and looted. In some instances he alleged that hand grenades
were thrown inside the flats. Pressure had been put on the Kosovo Serb
inhabitants to move out of their homes by placing Kosovo Albanians nametags
on the front door of the houses suggesting Serb homes had already been
reallocated for future occupation. The Kosovo Serb representative complained
about the lack of security, freedom of movement and hindered access to
healthcare and supplies. He called for improved KFOR security, rapid deployment
of the UNMIK administration and the re-establishment of regular telephone
services between the Kosovo Serb villages.
KFOR reported that several houses were burned in Vitina/Viti. Explosions
shook Zitinje and Gnjilane/Gjilan. In Zitinje a 65-year-old Kosovo Serb
male was shot dead while driving his tractor back from a field. This was
the second Kosovo Serb victim from the village since 12th July.
In Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice, UNMIK Police provided an escort for a
Kosovo Albanian to his flat that had been occupied by a Kosovo Serb. The
Kosovo Serb occupant was asked to leave the flat within 48 hours. Although
he complied, other Kosovo Serbs later reoccupied the apartment.
An UCK soldier was reported missing in Lipljan/Lipjan.
A Kosovo Serb man was murdered in Pristina/Prishtine.
A Kosovo Serb Orthodox Church in Lipljan/Lipjan municipality was bombed.
Seven Kosovo Albanian youths were arrested while attempting to set fire
to a Roma house in the Lipljan/Lipjan area.
A series of property burnings were reported in both the north and south
of Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice and an attack occurred on a KFOR bridge
There was no change to the generally tense situation in Gnjilane/Gjilan.
Six Kosovo Albanians and two Kosovo Serbs were detained by KFOR for weapon
and curfew violations.
KFOR told an OSCE Human Rights Officer that the situation was deteriorating
in Vitina/Viti (south of Gnjilane/Gjilan). The market was cancelled indefinitely
after a grenade was thrown in the vicinity of a Kosovo Serb shop injuring
KFOR also informed the OSCE that in Vitina/Viti, Kosovo Albanians had assaulted
two Kosovo Serbs in two separate incidents, one using a hand grenade and
the other using a Molotov cocktail. KFOR said that in an attempt to force
evictions from two separate apartments, a Bulgarian and two Kosovo Serb
females were threatened by Kosovo Albanians. A Kosovo Serb house was also
looted and burned.
The first joint meeting in Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice between the leadership
of the Kosovo Albanians and Kosovo Serbs took place with the international
community present. A proposal for limited freedom of movement for groups
of three or less was discussed along with a moratorium on demonstrations.
The Kosovo Albanian and UCK leadership immediately posted notices requesting
the youths not to demonstrate.
Two Roma males were hit by gunshots in Klina/Klinevac, Klina/Kline municipality.
One Roma died three days later from his injures.
A Kosovo Albanian male from Batusa, Djakovica/Gjakove municipality Pec/Peje)
was taken from his home by the UCK. He was reportedly told that he was
being taken for inquiries only. He was never seen again.
A grenade attack was reported against a Kosovo Serb house in Lipljan/Lipjan.
One person received minor injuries.
One house was burned in Prizren/Prizren.
In Dusanovo, Prizren/Prizren municipality, 20 to 24 UCK members patrolling
the area in uniform were arrested but subsequently released by KFOR.
UCK soldiers in full uniform were seen stopping people in Prizren/Prizren
town at night.
OSCE received reports that UCK soldiers were confiscating arms in the area
of Zupa, Prizren/Prizren municipality. They wer reportedly in civilian
clothes but with bullet-proof vests and UCK badges.
There were now a total of 13 UNMIK Police in Prizren/Prizren.
KFOR reported that a 16-year-old Kosovo Serb boy had been shot while riding
on his horse two kilometres outside Gnjilane/Gjilan.
A 32-year-old Kosovo Serb male from Pones disappeared on his way to Gnjilane/Gjilan.
He was last seen in Gnjilane/Gjilan town centre.
Four men entered the apartment of a Kosovo Serb/Bulgarian couple in Gnjilane/Gjilan
and asked them for weapons.
A 44-year-old Roma male was killed and another was wounded while they were
digging graves in the Kosovo Serb Cemetery in Gnjilane/Gjilan.
Following the shooting of four Kosovo Albanians in the vicinity of Mucibaba
(near Gnjilane/Gjilan) the last remaining inhabitants of the village were
escorted by KFOR to Gnjilane/Gjilan.
The Kosovo Serb leaders in Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice refused to sign
the agreement on freedom of movement although it was agreed that bilateral
and trilateral talks would recommence on 21st July. Further,
it was agreed that the moratorium on demonstrations would continue and
a statement was made that harassment and house burnings should cease.
Four Kosovo Albanians from Malisevo were killed and three others received
gunshot wounds when a tractor and trailer was ambushed near Donji Petric,
The OSCE Human Rights team in Pec/Peje reported that four Kosovo Serb bodies
were found in Drenovac, Klina/Kline municipality.
A Kosovo Serb male was murdered in Lipljan/Lipjan.
Three arson attacks against Kosovo Serb properties were reported, two in
Stimlje/Shtime and one in Lipljan/Lipjan.
Seven Roma houses were burned in Landovica, Prizren/Prizren municipality.
The Special Representative of the Secretary General (SRSG) visited Prizren/Prizren
to meet with UN Officers and to inaugurate the local Judges. Seven Judges
and three Prosecutors were appointed having been interviewed and selected
by the OSCE. UNHCR and OSCE met the SRSG and stressed the need for security
and the prevention of ethnic cleansing as priorities. The necessity to
mirror an ethnic balance within the new local police force and the positive
role that woman could play in the OSCE trained force were points also made.
A funeral was held for three Kosovo Serbs, including a 16-year-old boy
shot dead on 17th July in Gnjilane/Gjilan.
KFOR had arrested 10 people over the previous two days for looting Roma
houses and for breaching weapon and curfew regulations.
An OSCE Human Rights Officer met with a Roma representative from Gnjilane/Gjilan.
He reported that before the conflict there were approximately 8,500 Roma
in Gnjilane/Gjilan but now there were only 130. Allegedly the former official
Roma leaders had left Gnjilane/Gjilan for the border of the former Yugoslav
Republic of Macedonia or other parts of Serbia because of their connections
with the Socialist Party of Serbia. According to the representative, approximately
200 Roma houses had been looted and 50 burned by the UCK or by gangs coming
from outside Gnjilane/Gjilan.
A hand-grenade was thrown into a Kosovo Serb house in Gnjilane/Gjilan.
One other Kosovo Serb house was burned. The curfew in Gnjilane/Gjilan town
was extended and now started at 20:30 hours.
KFOR detained several individuals in MUP (Serbian police) uniform in the
vicinity of Mucibaba.
An OSCE Human Rights team received reports of three Kosovo Albanian bodies
found in Srbica on 18th June and 11th July. One of
the victims was reportedly associated with the MUP. All three were related.
A Kosovo Serb was evicted from an apartment building in the centre of Kosovska
Mitrovica/Mitrovice by a group of men claiming to be UCK 'police.' The
'police' said that only they had the right to nominate occupants. Reportedly
the UCK also harassed Kosovo Albanian families that had taken over some
of the flats in agreement with the Kosovo Serb owners.
One elderly Croat female was killed at 00:30 hours on the Pec/Peje to Pristina/Prishtine
road near Donji Petric, Klina/Kline municipality. The victim was married
to a Roma.
An elderly Kosovo Serb couple were beaten in Pristina/Prishtine.
Two arson attacks were reported against Kosovo Serb property, one in Stimlje/Shtimeand
one in Lipljan/Lipjan.
A Kosovo Serb female was murdered in Pristina/Prishtine.
The OSCE Human Rights team attended the reburial of seven civilians and
six UCK fighters in Orahovac/Rrahovec. They had been killed in 1998 when
the VJ took control of Orahovac/Rrahovec. Over 1,000 people attended the
20 th July
Three men entered the apartment of a Kosovo Serb/Bulgarian couple in Gnjilane/Gjilan
and intimidated the female (see above GN 60).
KFOR reported that one male was shot in Zegra/Zheger, Gnjilane/Gjilan municipality.
His ethnicity was unknown.
An OSCE Human Rights team visited Ogoste, Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica and
verified that the majority of the Roma community had left the village.
They had gone at the end of the conflict, during the withdrawal of the
Serbian forces, leaving behind only the elderly. In the previous week some
of the Roma had returned to Ogoste.
UNHCR informed the OSCE that the Krajina Serbs willing to leave Kosovo
had three options, return to Croatia, go to other parts of Serbia (to a
refugee camp) or resettle in Romania.
KFOR informed the Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan that on 26th
and 27th July KFOR troops would take over responsibility for
the municipality of Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica.
In Gnjilane/Gjilan, unknown individuals broke into a Kosovo Serb apartment
and changed the locks.
KFOR from Vitina/Viti confirmed that approximately 100 vehicles carrying
Kosovo Serb families left Vitina/Viti heading out of Kosovo. Amongst them
was the former Kosovo Serb mayor of Vitina/Viti. KFOR expected that many
of the men would try to come back while the women and children would stay
out of Kosovo.
According to KFOR in Vitina/Viti, in the evening a grenade exploded near
the Orthodox Church wounding two Kosovo Serbs. Another grenade exploded
next to the cultural hall where Kosovo Serbs had a meeting to elect their
new leader, a former VJ officer, after the departure of the previous mayor.
Between 14:00 hours and 15:00 hours an Orthodox Priest, disappeared from
Budisavic, Klina/Kline municipality. A Serb male, who was seeking temporary
sanctuary in the Budisavic Monastery, had accompanied the priest and also
A killing was reported (victim unknown) in Leskovac, Klina/Kline municipality.
In Pec/Peje, eight UCK members being detained at the UNMIK Police station
declared a hunger strike because they felt that they had been wrongly apprehended.
KFOR had arrested the UCK for unlawfully holding and mistreating a Kosovo
Albanian. The UCK maintained they were just doing their soldierly duty.
An elderly Kosovo Serb couple were murdered in Pristina/Prishtine.
The OSCE Human Rights team in Prizren/Prizren met with UNMIK Police to
discuss future co-operation. The UNMIK Police were anticipating taking
over the police role in September. In the mean time they would assist where
The OSCE Human Rights team in Prizren/Prizren met with KFOR to discuss
how to avoid incidents such as the burial of a body without the family's
knowledge. It was decided that the OSCE Human Rights team would assist
KFOR where needed to ensure that the required information was collected.
Four houses had been burned in Prizren/Prizren town during the preceding
As a result of the destruction of Kosovo Serb houses in Prizren/Prizren,
UNMIK Police decided to initiate a volunteer registration of Serb property
that would be carried out in close liaison with the International Catholic
Migration Mission (ICMC). Also discussed was how to reach the Roma and
the Muslim Slavs who constituted a much larger population, but who also
faced problems. OSCE was in close contact with these groups to gather information
on individuals and areas that were especially vulnerable.
OSCE participated in a meeting chaired by UNHCR between the Kosovo Albanian
and Roma communities in Landovica (Prizren/Prizren). This followed
the burning of seven Roma houses on 16th July (see above) and
the subsequent evacuation of the Roma population by UNHCR. Representatives
of the village council and LDK were present for the Kosovo Albanians and
five members of the Roma community along with UNHCR, ECMM and OSCE. In
total 15 village members were present. The general situation was discussed
along with international community's efforts to improve village life. It
was decided that KFOR would deliver hot food for a week and that the Catholic
Relief Service (CRS) would supply food and non-food items, including tents
as required. UNHCR requested an NGO to check the water supplies in the
village. The Kosovo Albanian representatives offered the first tents to
the Roma community. Both sides stressed the need live peacefully together
as they had all done before the war. A Roma representative commented that
they did not like to be referred to as Roma and had always considered themselves
to be Kosovo Albanians. They stressed that only three Roma families had
been involved in the war (in uniform) and they had since left the area.
All other families had nothing to hide. The Mother Teresa Society representative
stated that there had been 1,300 inhabitants before the conflict and there
were now 1,090 residents, but 40% of them only spent the days in the village
as their houses were burned.
In Orahovac/Rrahovec, KFOR found the body of a girl in her late teens.
Her identity was unknown.
The UCK Commander in Orahovac/Rrahovec denied any knowledge of holding
detainees and said that he knew nothing of the circumstances of Kosovo
Serbs being taken and not seen again.
A 57-year-old Kosovo Serb male from Gnjilane/Gjilan was shot dead near
Koretiste around 07:45 hours. He had gone with some other men to cut wood
when they were ambushed. One other Kosovo Serb, aged 42, was wounded.
A 53-year-old Kosovo Serb from Cernica, Gnjilane/Gjilan municipality was
killed in a field near the village by sniper fire.
The OSCE Human Rights Department informed KFOR in Vitina/Viti and Gnjilane/Gjilan
regarding the constant complaints of the Kosovo Serbs that KFOR employed
only Kosovo Albanian interpreters.
In the evening a house was burned in the Roma part of Gnjilane/Gjilan,
less than 100m from a KFOR checkpoint. KFOR was criticised by the minorities
for not being interested in their fate.
An OSCE Human Rights Officer met with the Orthodox Priest in Vitina/Viti
and the Head of the Monastery in nearby Binac. According to the interlocutors
the root of the conflict was the Muslim-Christian opposition, which made
it almost impossible to have relations with Muslim Albanians, while the
Catholic Albanians were stated not to constitute a problem for the Orthodox
Church. The two representatives complained bitterly about KFOR, alleging
it was not doing enough to protect minorities.
A OSCE Human Rights Officer met with the Deputy Director of the Council
for Human Rights and Freedoms in the building of the UCK self-styled parallel
civil administration in Vitina/Viti. Among other subjects, the structure
of the self-styled body was discussed. It appeared that the board comprised
of two UCK and one former LDK member.
An OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan met with Albanian IDPs from
Suhare and Zarbinc near Presevo (outside of Kosovo in southern Serbia)
who alleged instances of ill-treatment and two forced displacements. The
meeting took place in the Regional Centre.
A Kosovo Serb female was killed near Zupce, Zubin Potok/Zubin Potok municipality
(west of Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice). She was travelling in a car that
was fired upon allegedly from a UCK checkpoint on the road to Zubin Potok/Zubin
A train that travels from Leposavic (north of Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice)
to Kosovo Polje/Fushe Kosove used exclusively by Kosovo Serbs and Roma
was derailed close to Vucitrn/Vushtrri. No injuries were reported.
In Pec/Peje, the former Kosovo Serbian Stari Most restaurant, one of very
few restaurants then functioning in Pec/Peje, was completely burned down.
The restaurant had recently opened under Albanian management and been renamed
A Kosovo Serb male was murdered in Podujevo/Podujeve .
The OSCE Human Rights team in Prizren/Prizren interviewed a member of the
Muslim Slav community who was abducted and beaten on 15 th July.
He alleged that two men took him out of the hospital, where he had gone
for a medical check, and he was driven in a red Yugo car to Kosovce, in
Opolje (east of Prizren/Prizren) and taken into a house for interrogation.
He was asked if he had been mobilised by the FRY security forces during
the conflict. He said no, but when he said that he had given his weapon
to KFOR he was beaten and told that it should have been given to the UCK.
The next day he was dropped off in the main road from Kosovce to Dragas/Dragash.
Two houses belonging to a Roma male, were burned in Orahovac/Rrahovec.
OSCE Human Rights Officers reported that about 2,500 Kosovo Serbs now lived
in the Serb quarter of Orahovac/Rrahovec. They were described as isolated
if not completely under siege. Many of them wished to leave especially
the displaced persons from the centre of Orahovac/Rrahovec and nearby Zociste
whose houses have been burned.
KFOR conducting foot and mobile patrols in the Orahovac/Rrahovec area was
well received. Caritas (Christian aid organisation) provided aid although
there was some complaint about a lack of milk. Electricity and water supplies
were intermittent but functioning.
There was no accepted leadership within the Kosovo Serb community in Orahovac/Rrahovec.
The OSCE suggested that the community appoint a spokesperson. The reply
was that whoever the OSCE chose would be acceptable. The Kosovo Serbs no
longer respected some of the previous leaders while others were not acceptable
to the international community on account of their alleged involvement
in war crimes.
In Orahovac/Rrahovec, the prime concern was kidnapping with at least seven
people missing. The evidence suggested that elements of the UCK might have
been involved, but the Commander of the local UCK denied all knowledge
of the incident. This gave rise to fears for the fateof the detainees.
The Commanding Officer of KFOR took a close interest in the matter and
was prepared to take robust action. Investigations by KFOR and the OSCE
In Orahovac/Rrahovec KFOR found the body of a young girl aged between 16
and 18. Initially this person was assumed to be Albanian as the UCK had
reported the body. She was buried in accordance with Muslim customs. KFOR
then received information that she was a Kosovo Serb and her exhumation
Some Kosovo Serbs in Orahovac/Rrahovec expressed the wish to go to the
town centre to shop and to see their apartments. These issues were raised
with the UCK Commander who said that Kosovo Albanians from some of the
34 destroyed villages in the area now occupied these apartments. Most apartments,
he said, had been looted. The UCK Commander advised against the Kosovo
Serbs coming into the town. The KFOR Commander took the view that his soldiers
were capable of looking after the situation and that if people wanted to
come into the centre they should do so. There was a significant difference
in food prices between the Serb and Kosovo Albanian quarters.
Russian KFOR did not appear to be about to deploy to Orahovac/Rrahovec.
Their area of responsibility, in conjunction with German KFOR, was north
A mass grave near Orahovac/Rrahovec was to be investigated on 21st
OSCE visited the Orahovac/Rrahovec UCK Commander. Discussions were largely
centred on the question of missing people. The Commander said the UCK were
not involved and that anyone could buy UCK uniforms and pretend to be members.
An OSCE Human Rights team visited Donje Korminjane (near Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica),
to follow-up a KFOR report of a body near the river believed to be that
of a vagrant Kosovo Albanian. After an extensive search, followed by questioning
of the local population, it transpired that KFOR had buried the body of
a male the previous night near to where it had been discovered. The site
of the grave was visited. OSCE spoke to KFOR about the required identification
procedures prior to burial. The identity of the deceased remained unknown.
The problem of the abduction of Kosovo Serbs was escalating in Gnjilane/Gjilan.
Four statements were collected which raised the number of reported Kosovo
Serb abductions to 13 in the said area.
An OSCE Human Rights Officer visited Pones (near Gnjilane/Gjilan) to follow
up the report of an abduction. It was established that the victim had left
the family home to go shopping in Gnjilane/Gjilan on 17th July.
A friend had last seen him at 12:00 hours at a bridge near the junction
of the Pones road with that of the main Pristina/Prishtine to Gnjilane/Gjilan
An OSCE Human Rights team visited Koretiste and Stanisor, Gnjilane/Gjilan
municipality, where KFOR said that two Kosovo Serbs had been shot on 20th
July. According to the villagers of Stanisor, a shooting incident took
place on that day but there were no casualties. However, a 57-year-old
Kosovo Serb male had been shot dead and a 42-year-old male had been injured
on 20th July in a sniper attack on the village Koretiste. The
OSCE interviewed the witnesses. Inhabitants of both villages reported that
gunfire could be heard every day from the hills nearby. KFOR did not have
a permanent presence in either of the two villages.
An OSCE Human Rights team visited Cernica, Gnjilane/Gjilan municipality,
where according to KFOR one Kosovo Serb had been shot on 20th
July. The victim, a 53-year-old male had been grazing cattle on the hills
near the village when he had been shot in the head by a sniper. It was
believed that the sniper shot from one of the houses in the village a range
of 400-500m. OSCE interviewed the family of the deceased and talked with
KFOR about the possibility of a permanent presence in the village. KFOR
reported that despite their constant patrolling and monitoring operations
in the village, the personal security of the Kosovo Serbs could not be
guaranteed while armed Kosovo Albanians remained in the village.
In bilateral talks between the Kosovo Albanian and Kosovo Serb leadership
of Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice a declaration of principles was negotiated
that called for a cessation of violence and pronounced a willingness to
live together. Additional annexes on freedom of movement and returns to
homes were also agreed. A signatory meeting was to be held on 22nd
A Kosovo Albanian male was allegedly stopped by three members of the UCK
in Batuse, Djakovica/Gjakove municipality. After he was taken from his
vehicle he was led to the abductors car and had not been seen since.
A Kosovo Serb male was murdered in Pristina/Prishtine.
Three Kosovo Serb males were reportedly kidnapped after they disappeared
with their truck on the road to Strpce/Shterpce.
In Prizren/Prizren two houses were burned on the night of 20th
and 21st July. Several previously burned houses were set alight
NGOs reported two separate incidents of harassment and threatening behaviour
against interpreters who had been working in the Prizren/Prizren Seminary
where Kosovo Serbs were seeking refuge.
OSCE Human Rights Officers met a Roma Representative for the Tusus and
Tanasko Raic area in Prizren/Prizren. The representative said that there
was a general fear within the community that the Roma would be forced to
leave Kosovo. They were deeply concerned about the security situation and
Houses were burned in Malisevo, Orahovac/Rrahovec municipality.
In Orahovac/Rrahovec, Roma reported being summoned for questioning to the
UCK controlled police station.
In Celina, Orahovac/Rrahovec municipality, an estimated 10,000 people attended
the funerals of 89 Kosovo Albananian victims of the recent fighting.
The newly appointed UNMIK Regional Administrator arrived in Gnjilane/Gjilan.
KFOR informed the OSCE that six people were arrested during the last 24
hours in relation to burglaries, curfew violations and violations of the
undertaking not to carry weapons. KFOR reported that a mortar round was
fired north of Pasjane in Gnjilane/Gjilan.
In Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica, the hand over to the Russian KFOR contingent
was scheduled to take place on 26th July, leaving only two small
KFOR Special Forces units in the town.
OSCE Human Rights Officers met a Kosovo Serb doctor in Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica
who said that Kosovo Albanians exclusively ran the hospital. The attempt
to organise a Hospital Board, similar to the one in the Gnjilane/Gjilan
Hospital (see 29th June), had failed. According to the doctor,
many Kosovo Serb houses had been burned on 21st and 22nd
July in nearby Koretin/Koretin and Lestar. In Bosce, three Kosovo Serbs
had allegedly been ill-treated on 21st July.
KFOR in Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica informed the OSCE that four MUP (Serbian
police) who had been arrested on 19th July in the vicinity of
Dobrosin were later exchanged for four Kosovo Albanians who had been arrested
by Serbian forces.
The UCK Deputy Commander in Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica stated that the
UCK would 'never accept the Russian KFOR troops as a peace force.' The
UCK-appointed Kosovo Albanian civilian administrator and his deputy reported
that all important public institutions were under Kosovo Albanian control.
The Kosovo Serb population of Robovac told an OSCE Human Rights Officer
that they lacked freedom of movement. They said that when they wanted to
drive to Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica but they were afraid of the presence
of Kosovo Albanians from outside the region.
The Kosovo Serb population of Novo Brodo/Novo Berde reported regular shelling
from the villages of Bostane, Petrovce and Crecar and complained about
the perceived irregular KFOR presence in the area.
KFOR arrested four individuals in Gnjilane/Gjilan, suspected of carrying
In Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice, at a meeting where an agreed declaration
on freedom of movement was due to be signed (see 22nd July above)
the Kosovo Serb leadership unexpectedly refused. They stated that this
was to protest the violence and expulsion of Kosovo Serbs from Kosovo.
The Kosovo Serb leadership agreed to take the document on 25 th
July to a plenary meeting of the Serb National Council (an organisation
of parties, academics and individuals in Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice).
Muslim Slavs in Dobrusa, Istok/Istog municipality, reported receiving regular
threats about their property. They said that some empty houses had already
been burned and vehicles were stolen. Identification of at least some of
the perpetrators seemed possible.
A grenade attack against a Kosovo Serb male was reported in Pristina/Prishtine.
Kosovo Albanians wearing UCK uniforms reportedly abducted three Kosovo
Serb males in Pristina/Prishtine.
The group of displaced Roma were moved from the Kosovo Polje/Fushe Kosove
School where they had been sheltering for the past month to a UNHCR camp
in Obilic/Obiliq municipality (north of Pristina/Prishtine).
It was reported that four men driving a Renault car had abducted a Roma
father and son on 18th July at 11:00 hours in Dushanovo (Prizren/Prizren).
A 55-year-old women who had lived in Vranishta, Gora/Dragashi municipality
reported that five people entered her house in Dushanovo, looted the property
and left her a message saying 'you are next.'
At 23:00 hours a house owned by a Muslim Slav family was set on fire in
24 th July
A Kosovo Serb male from Klokot, Vitina/Viti municipality, reportedly disappeared
after he went out with his tractor to the fields near the village.
A house was set on fire in Gnjilane/Gjilan during the day.
An OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan interviewed an alleged eyewitness
to three abductions of Kosovo Serbs. However no information could be gathered
because the eyewitness seemed afraid to divulge the information.
The LDK informed the OSCE Human Rights Department of the suspected existence
of a mass grave near Ugljare (east of Gnjilane/Gjilan). The LDK also reported
new IDPs arriving in Prelepnica from Donji Makres, allegedly expelled by
Kosovo Serbs from Gornji Makres, Gnjilane/Gjilan.
14 Kosovo Serb farmers were murdered while tending their fields near Gracko
(near Lipljan/Lipjan). After this incident approximately 30 to 40 Kosovo
Serbs departed from Lipljan/Lipjan.
A meeting was arranged with the Roma representative for Tusus area, Prizren/Prizren
town. Approximately 200 Roma remained in the area and most of them had
stayed during the fighting. They were deeply concerned about the security
situation especially after a recent kidnapping incident (see report 22nd
July). The Roma requested protection and humanitarian aid.
The OSCE Human Rights team in Prizren/Prizren received a report of a missing
elderly Kosovo Serb woman. The family had last seen the women on 20th
July. They said she only ever left the flat to visit two people and neither
of them had seen her since. The victim's identity card and handbag were
found untouched in the flat by investigating KFOR.
OSCE Human Rights Officers received information of a missing Kosovo Serb
male from Prizren/Prizren. It was alleged that he was abducted as the UCK
entered the town on 14 th June.
A Serb male and his girlfriend were reported killed in Prizren/Prizren.
It was reported that Kosovo Serb staff at the Prizren/Prizren Hospital
faced problems of discrimination when asked to take 'holidays.'
ICTY began the process of opening the suspected mass-grave site at the
Cemetery near Orahovac/Rrahovec. It appeared that this burial site was
that of the individual graves of victims from the July 1998 fighting and
not from the recent conflict.
The body of a young woman was found by the Beli Drim River two kilometres
north of Zrze, Prizren/Prizren municipality. She had been dead for some
time and exposed to the elements. No positive identity was made but circumstantial
evidence suggested that she was an Albanian woman aged in her early 20s.
KFOR had known of the existence of the body.
The OSCE representative in Orahovac/Rrahovec met the local UCK Commander
. The issue of the recently kidnapped Serbians was again raised. The Commanderwas
asked whether an order had been given for the Kosovo Serbs to be kidnapped
or whether there were undisciplined elements within his ranks as eyewitnesses
said they had seen the assailants wearing UCK uniform The Commander was
also asked whether he knew the location of the men or their bodies. The
Commander denied any knowledge but said that he would pass on any information
that he received. The issue of mass grave locations was also discussed
with several good leads being provided.
A Roma man was allegedly summoned to the UCK 'police station' in Orahovac/Rrahovec.
He was reportedly beaten over a period of several hours but the intervention
of the OSCE secured his release.
During the night of 23 and 24 th July unknown perpetrators destroyed
the Orthodox Church in the centre of Djakovica/Gjakove .
25 th July
The statue of King Lazar situated in Gnjilane/Gjilan centre was toppled
by Kosovo Albanians during a demonstration. A radio appeal, allegedly by
the UCK, was broadcast calling on Kosovo Albanians to gather and topple
the monument. The UN had not been able to stop the broadcast before the
incitement to violence was issued. A visit to Gnjilane/Gjilan by the UN
SRSG and the Head of the self-styled 'Provisional Government' was cancelled.
At least one house was burned during the day in Gnjilane/Gjilan. Mortar
rounds were heard in a location south east of Vitina/Viti during the night
of 23rd July.
The OSCE Human Rights Department gathered evidence of a mass grave near
Pogradje. The number of victims was unknown and no eyewitnesses could be
found. LDK members who located the site presumed that the bodies were those
of Kosovo Albanians, but this remained unconfirmed.
A statement was taken from an elderly Kosovo Serb/Bulgarian couple in Gnjilane/Gjilan.
The couple had been visited and harassed six times during the previous
three weeks by men searching for weapons. Their apartment was looted. On
24 th July the two were told by a Kosovo Albanian that they
had 24 hours to leave the town. (see above GN 60)
A round-table conference, organised by UNMIK, took place in Prizren/Prizren.
The UN said that the main point of effort would be to establish commissions
to deal with media, business, health and education. The UCK Deputy Zone
Commander and the UCK Brigade Commander of 124 Brigade said that both KFOR
and UNMIK had accused the UCK of organising the burning of houses. They
said that burning houses was not in their interest and that they had being
trying to stop it. They finished by saying that the UCK had always respected
the Geneva Conventions. The Catholic Albanian Priest condemned all the
aggression that he saw emerging within the community and requested the
presence of UNMIK Police in order to get the situation under control. Two
Priests from the Orthodox Church attended the round-table and one apologised
for what had happened to the Kosovo Albanian people and blamed the Milosevic
regime. Some participants accused the Orthodox Church of having supported
the regime. Finally criticism was voiced over the selection Judges for
the Municipal Court. Allegations were made that some Judges had been working
in the 1990s and had participated in the sentencing of innocent Kosovo
A grenade attack was reported against a Kosovo Serb in Lipljan/Lipjan.
Three cases of arson were reported in Lipljan/Lipjan municipality, one
against a Kosovo Albanian, one against a Kosovo Serb and one against a
In Orahovac/Rrahovec, OSCE maintained good co-operation with the ICTY team.
Following information passed to them by OSCE Human Rights Officers, ICTY
discontinued their search of the Cemetery graves (see above 22nd
July) and began to investigate new sites located by OSCE with the co-operation
of local Roma.
A meeting was arranged with the designated representatives of the Kosovo
Serb communities of Orahovac/Rrahovec and Velika Hoca/Hoce e Madhe. Six
names emerged as potential members of a consultative committee with a view
to finally selecting four. These names were cleared with KFOR to ensure
that there were outstanding allegations against them.
A visit was made by OSCE Human Rights Officers to the Roma community in
Orahovac/Rrahovec with the suggestion that they might consider appointing
someone as their representative for the purpose of presenting their concerns.
26 th July
The OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan visited Pogradje, Lovce and
Ugljare following up the discovery of a gravesite. It appeared that the
grave was less than one month old. There was no indication as to the ethnicity
of the bodies. No cases of missing persons from these villages had been
reported to the Human Rights Department.
UN Interim Civil Administration informed the Human Rights Division that
six unidentified bodies had been lying in the morgue in Gnjilane/Gjilan
Hospital, some of them for more than one week. OSCE asked about the possibility
of bringing family members of missing Kosovo Serbs to visit the morgue
in an attempt to identify the bodies. KFOR said that this was a temporary
morgue without a no cooling system and it would have been inappropriate
to bring families there. UNMIK Interim Civil Administration did agree to
request from KFOR Criminal Investigative Division to photograph the bodies.
OSCE led discussions with KFOR and the UNMIK Interim Civil Administration
on how to improve the procedures for dealing with unidentified bodies to
ensure that information was quickly passed to families waiting to hear
about the fate of missing family members.
In the Gnjilane/Gjilan region KFOR arrested 49 people during the night
of 25 th July for curfew violations. KFOR also registered four
arson attacks and various instances of looting.
A Kosovo Albanian was wounded at an unofficial Kosovo Serb checkpoint set
up in Pasjane (east of Gnjilane/Gjilan).
In Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice, the Serb National Council called for a
suspension of negotiations over freedom of movement and returns until 1st
August. The killing of 14 Kosovo Serbs near Lipljan/Lipjan on 23rd
July was used as the pretext. In response, the Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice
Kosovo Albanian leadership requested that UNHCR go ahead with the returns
process. An ultimatum was also issued stating that unless the agreement
reached on 27th July was honoured then further demonstrations
A planned procession through north Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice by Kosovo
Albanians was diverted and kept in the southern part of the town. The procession
was part of a commemoration and reburial service for the LDK and Trade
Union leaders that were killed in late March by Serbian security forces.
Continuing harassment and assault against Kosovo Albanians still living
in the Serbian dominated north Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice were reported
Two kidnappings of Kosovo Serb males were reported in Pristina/Prishtine.
The day after power was restored to the Strpce/Shterpce area a second explosion
caused damage to the power lines.
KFOR reported that a convoy of approximately 40 vehicles from Urosevac/Ferizaj
OSCE from Prizren/Prizren met with the UCK Deputy Commander of the Pastrik
Zone. The opportunity was taken to introduce the new OSCE mandate and to
explain the changes from the former OSCE KVM Mission. The UCK Deputy Commander
singled out media and human rights as the two most important issues. The
Deputy Commander underlined that the media and especially television could
play an important in post-conflict rehabilitation.
A 24-year-old Kosovo Albanian female was shot dead in Gnjilane/Gjilan.
The UCK visited the LDK branch office in Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica and
unlawfully arrested three Kosovo Albanian LDK members and detained them
for questioning. The LDK members were told that LDK activities were prohibited.
The detained were released after two hours.
KFOR CID reported to the Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan about the
alleged rape of a Kosovo Serb female, age 45 to 50, by two Kosovo Albanian
males. The rape allegedly took place in the victim's flat. Two Kosovo Albanian
females said they saw the two men entering the apartment.
In Mitrovica/Mitrovice a Kosovo Albanian male reported that an armed Kosovo
Serb male entered his apartment via the balcony and threatened to kill
Three Kosovo Serb males allegedly harassed two Kosovo Albanians who had
wanted to visit their flat in north Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice.
A Kosovo Serb male was murdered in Pristina/Prishtine.
A joint OSCE/UNHCR report was published entitled 'Preliminary Assessment
of the Situation of Ethnic Minorities in Kosovo,' covering the period until
KFOR military police reported seven killings in the last week in the Prizren/Prizren
municipality. On 20th July a male of unknown ethnicity was found
shot in the head on the outskirts of Prizren/Prizren. On 22nd
July a Kosovo Serb man was found shot dead and two other Kosovo Serbs were
injured by two Kosovo Albanians who forced entry into their house in Prizren/Prizren.
On 22nd July two Kosovo Serbs, one man and one woman were also
found dead at home in Prizren/Prizren. The 67-year-old man had been drowned
and the 33-year-old woman had had her throat cut. Following an anonymous
telephone call to KFOR on 25 th July a Serb woman aged 40 to
45 was found dead in her flat. Her throat had been cut and her head was
battered. On 25 th July an elderly Serb couple were found dead
in their flat. Both had been killed by blows to the head.
In the Roma quarter of Gnjilane/Gjilan at 23:00 hours three Roma females
and two Roma males were wounded allegedly by approximately 15 masked Kosovo
Albanians. The assailants were reported to have arrived during curfew hours
on a tractor and trailer which was used to carry stolen goods. Two houses
were burned and five were looted. A long knife was found on the scene after
their departure. Some of the victims and witnesses told the OSCE that they
would leave Kosovo unless KFOR provided a permanent presence in the area.
In Gnjilane/Gjilan, KFOR's checkpoint was removed from A. Preseva Street,
the Roma area, after they were informed by Kosovo Albanians that there
were no Roma left in the area. OSCE informed KFOR that this was not the
case. The Roma issue was followed up closely in co-operation with the OSCE
Democratisation Department and the UNHCR.
An OSCE Human Rights team from Gnjilane/Gjilan travelled to Zitinje, Vitina/Viti
municipality, after receiving a report of two killings. On 27th
July one 34-year-old Kosovo Serb male, and one 38-year-old Kosovo Serb
female were shot dead, allegedly ambushed in their vehicle. Four Kosovo
Serbs had been killed in Zitinje over the previous 15 days. The former
Serb mayor of the village reported that the remaining Serbs were planning
to leave on 1st August. KFOR had a permanent presence in the
Two Kosovo Serb males were killed in an ambush near Vucitrn/Vushtrri as
they travelled from Gobulja to Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice.
Four people were found dead in Pec/Peje. They had been mistreated,
strangled and shot. The victims were a Muslim Slav aged 55 to 60, his Kosovo
Albanian wife, another Kosovo Albanian woman and her 30-year-old Kosovo
The OSCE Human Rights team in Pec/Peje reported a house burning near the
KFOR Headquarters. An elderly Kosovo Serb was slightly burned and rescued
from the fire. Three more cases of house burning were reported at noon.
The perpetrators were unknown.
Two grenades were thrown into Kosovo Serb houses in Lipljan/Lipjan in separate
incidents. There were no injuries but extensive damage was reported.
The OSCE Human Rights Officers in Prizren/Prizren met local municipal Prosecutors
to obtain information on their current work. KFOR had submitted 11 cases
to the Prosecutor's Office but only two had been dealt with. The remaining
nine cases were incomplete because they lacked essential information. The
Prosecutors were due to met KFOR to resolve the outstanding issues and
advise on information they required to complete the cases.
A new gravesite containing 16 bodies was found in the Randurava in the
Prizren/Prizren municipality. It was believed to be the burial site of
a family of Kosovo Albanians from Velica Krusa. The victims appeared to
have been lined up and shot. The location and names of witnesses to this
action were passed to ICTY.
Another gravesite, also in the region of Randubrava Prizren/Prizren municipality
was found containing eight bodies. The explosion of a shell appeared to
have caused the casualties. ICTY requested that the OSCE document the site
and then allow the families to bury their dead.
In Orahovac/Rrahovec, the house of a Roma, was burned.
In Orahovac/Rrahovec the 'mayor' appointed by the UCK was 'dismissed' by
KFOR. This left a power vacuum as the deputy was unwilling to fill the
place of the UCK appointee. However, the 'mayor' was conducting business
as usual when the OSCE visited the local government building.
The Kosovo Serb community in Orahovac/Rrahovec were visited again. They
were preparing for a meeting with the UN Administrator and discussed with
OSCE the matters they intended to raise. Their concerns remained the same:
security, freedom of movement and access to the town's shops.
KFOR reported that two Kosovo Serbs, one male and one female, were found
dead in the area near Klokot, Vitina/Viti municipality (south of Gnjilane/Gjilan).
Five Kosovo Albanian men claiming to be from the UCK 'police' visited a
Kosovo Serb apartment in Gnjilane/Gjilan and searched for weapons. They
took 400 Dinar (approximately 20 German Marks) from the victim and informed
him that he had 24 hours to vacate the apartment. The victim informed KFOR
but was told that they were unable to help.
A vehicle with two Kosovo Albanian passengers was reportedly stopped by
15 armed Kosovo Serbs at a roadblock on the road from Gnjilane/Gjilan to
Bujanovac. Bricks and barbed wire had been placed on the road. The victims
were taken out of the vehicle and beaten when they refused to hand over
money. One victim had a broken jaw and was taken to Pristina/Prishtine
Hospital. The victims believed that the assailants came from the village
of Donjie Korminjane. A nearby KFOR checkpoint was informed and arrived
on the scene an hour later.
In view of the future establishment of a Public Death Register, OSCE, ICRC
and UNHCR (members of the Ad-hoc Task Force on Minorities) jointly asked
KFOR to expedite the flow of information regarding instances of killings,
arrests and abductions in Gnjilane/Gjilan. Agreement was reached on a standard
procedure for transmitting information received by KFOR to partner agencies
OSCE Human Rights Officers reported that Kosovo Serbs in the Pec/Peje area
only moved from one safe area to another with the protection of KFOR.
OSCE reported that most of the Roma community in Dusanovo suburb (Prizren/Prizren)
had left the area due to threats and security problems.
The OSCE Human Rights team in Prizren/Prizren visited the Krajina Serb
Collective Centre in Prizren/Prizren. There were about 80 refugees from
the war in Croatia living there, although UNHCR were taking steps to move
some of them to other parts of Serbia.
The OSCE Human Rights team in Prizren/Prizren chaired a meeting between
a local Roma representative and two Roma specialists from the Council of
Europe and ODIHR. The burning of five Roma houses two weeks previously
and reconciliation efforts between the Roma and the Kosovo Albanians in
Prizren/Prizren were also discussed.
The OSCE Human Rights team in Prizren/Prizren met with the President of
the District Court, to enquire about judicial issues. The President stated
that cases handed over by the Prosecutors were not complete because important
information such as the names of victims and circumstances surrounding
the incidents were often missing from the files. He said that this was
not always the Prosecutor's fault but was caused by the inexperience of
KFOR in police investigative procedures. He hoped that these problems would
be solved with the arrival of UNMIK Police. The President of the Court
said that the Prosecutors urgently needed German speaking interpreters
to speed up their work.
A drive-by shooting occurred in the afternoon in Gnjilane/Gjilan. Reportedly
Kosovo Albanians travelling in a white VW Golf opened fire on a crowd of
Kosovo Serbs. There were no casualties reported.
Eleven Kosovo Albanian men wearing black clothes reportedly detained a
38-year-old Kosovo Serb male in Gornji Makres, Gnjilane/Gjilan municipality.
He was released the same day together with another 27-year-old Kosovo Serb
male. The latter was allegedly ill-treated in detention, but was not available
for interview with the OSCE.
The OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan held a meeting with the UCK
Zone Commander. When asked about the arrest of LDK representatives, the
Commander declared that 'the LDK did not contribute to the liberation of
the Albanian people during the conflict, that it was an outdated political
party and did not have a place in the future of Kosovo.' The Zone Commander's
vision included the creation of a new spectrum of political parties, according
to Kosovo's new needs and economic targets. The issue of evictions and
kidnapping of Kosovo Serbs by the UCK was raised but was dismissed by the
Commander as propaganda.
The OSCE followed up on the Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica LDK party incident
(see 26th July). An OSCE Human Rights team visited the UCK Headquarters
in the town and was told that the LDK members had only been taken there
to discuss the damage to the LDK Office. The UCK told the OSCE that they
did not consider the time was right for political activity but said there
would soon be freedom for political parties.
In Josanica, Pec/Peje municipality, at approximately 04:00 hours, unidentified
elements fired several grenades and machine-gun
rounds toward the village.
According to the Kosovo Albanian locals the shooting ceased after four
or five hours. They speculated that the perpetrators were Serbian paramilitary
groups from Montenegro.
A Kosovo Serb male was murdered in Pristina/Prishtine.
A Kosovo Serb female was murdered in Podujevo/Podujeve .
Judges in Prizren/Prizren were examining and reviewing 17 detention cases.
The President of the Court said that he was intending to provide an explanation
on Radio Prizren/Prizren of the UNMIK Regulation No 1999/1. With regard
to security, the President said that the KFOR guard presence at the Court
made the Judges feel safe. He also said that an UNMIK interpreter will
be on call to assist the Prosecutors to translate KFOR files in German.
The Kosovo Albanian Director of the Prizren/Prizren Hospital tried to dismiss
21 Turkish nurses. The Director was told that UNMIK was the only legitimate
civil authority with the power to dismiss. After intervention from KFOR
and the UN Interim Civil Administration the nurses were re-instated.
The OSCE organised meetings for a Council of Europe Delegation with representatives
from the self-sytledKosovo Albanian civil administration in Orahovac/Rrahovec
and political representatives from the local communities.
Prizren/Prizren-based OSCE Human Rights Officers arranged for an ODIHR
and Council of Europe joint mission to met with the Roma representative
for Tusus and Tanasko Raic. Security remained the main concern and protection
issues were discussed. The OSCE offered support and expertise to encourage
the Roma to organise within their own community and to start a dialogue
with their neighbours in order to increase their protection.
Two young girls were assaulted in Suva Reka/Suhareke (north east of Prizren/Prizren).
At 23:00 hours three armed men in UCK uniform allegedly took a 12-year-old
girl and her younger sister from their home. The girls were taken to another
house where they were allegedly assaulted and then returned to their home
four hours later. The 12-year-old said she was raped. The younger sister
was too traumatised to speak of her experiences.
OSCE met the Kosovo Albanian civil administrator, appointed by the Head
of the UCK, in Suva Reka/Suhareke. Before the conflict there were 80,000
inhabitants in Suva Reka/Suhareke, of which about 80% were then displaced
to Albania. About 90% of these had returned. The population, before the
war, was mainly Kosovo Albanian with 2.8% Serb and an unknown small number
of Roma. The Kosovo Serbs had all left but some of the Roma remain. About
90% of the houses in the 42 villages were destroyed or badly damaged. Only
Geljance and Selograzde were described as in a reasonable state. Shelter
and reconstruction were the main needs. The problem of food shortages had
mainly been overcome due to efforts from NGO's. There was concern about
the schools reopening on time and about payment for the teachers. The self-sytled
administration had tried to repair the electricity and water systems but
the directors of these enterprises had been Kosovo Serbs who were no longer
present. Former Kosovo Albanian directors and management who were replaced
between 1989 and 1991 assumed their old positions. Electricity was being
supplied to all villages but there were regular power cuts. An NGO was
assisting with water purification.
The OSCE met with the Vice-President of the Suva Reka/Suhareke LDK. He
confirmed that the party held weekly meetings in 38 of the 42 villages.
10 of the 13 members of the Presidency were working. The Vice President
commented that relations with the UCK were mixed. Relations with 123 Brigade
in Suva Reka/Suhareke were good but in the rest of the Zone the atmosphere
was strained. The LDK did not recognise the Kosovo Albanian civil administrator
of Suva Reka/Suhareke as he was appointed by the self-declared Provisional
Government of UCK which the LDK did not support.
OSCE met in Suva Reka/Suhareke with the Kosovo Albanian Council for the
Defence of Human Rights to discuss utilisation of the information the Council
In the Gnjilane/Gjilan region, KFOR reported two instances of kidnapping
and a shooting incident in which one Kosovo Serb male and one Kosovo Serb
female were wounded.
KFOR reported finding an unidentified body on 29th July near
Ugljare (east of Gnjilane/Gjilan). They had only been able to partly recover
the body due to its decomposed state. The remainder was in situ covered
In Gnjilane/Gjilan at 00:30 hours three grenades were thrown in the vicinity
of the Kosovo Serbian quarter of the town. No casualties were reported.
Kosovo Serbs said they would set up unofficial checkpoints to protect the
Approximately 500 Kosovo Albanians demonstrated in front of the statue
of King Lazar in Gnjilane/Gjilan after it was re-erected by KFOR (see 24
An OSCE Human Rights Officer met with two Kosovo Albanian representatives
of the self-sytled administration in Zitinje, Vitina/Viti municipality.
They asked for the disarmament of the Kosovo Serbs and the arrest of war
criminals in the village. According to the representatives, one Kosovo
Albanian male was killed during the conflict but none had died since. They
confirmed that four Kosovo Serbs had so far been killed but said this was
by 'Kosovo Serbs for Mafia reasons.' The Kosovo Albanians said they were
willing to co-operate and engage in constructive dialogue with KFOR and
the Kosovo Serbs. KFOR agreed to meet both Kosovo Serbs and Albanian representatives
in Zitinje to try to improve the security situation. The Kosovo Serbs told
OSCE that they would leave the village if the situation did not improve.
An OSCE Human Rights team visited a mass gravesite near Podgradje, Gnjilane/Gjilan
municipality. The corpses were buried under a shallow covering of earth
with parts of the bodies exposed. The bodies were decomposing and if any
recognition was to be made urgent action was needed. OSCE Headquarters
in Pristina/Prishtine advised that an ICTY team would visit shortly to
exhume the bodies. There were many missing persons in this area with families
The UNMIK Regional Administrator in Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice addressed
the Serb National Council in an effort to advance the negotiation process
of freedom of movement and access to the town hospital.
A 20-year-old female Kosovo Albanian was found dead in Bistrazin, Djakovica/Gjakove
municipality . She had several gunshots wounds in her back.
The OSCE Human Rights team in Prizren/Prizren interviewed four Kosovo Serb
families who had been victims of attacks since the end of the conflict.
The first interviewee was a 71-year-old woman who was shot and injured
outside her house by unknown assailants. A neighbour called KFOR Military
Police who came immediately and treated her wounds. The victim had regularly
been threatened. During the previous month UCK 'police' had forced their
way into her house purportedly to look for weapons. The second interviewee
was a woman whose 65-year-old husband had been shot dead on 14 th
July outside his flat. He was going to buy bread. KFOR Military Police
informed her of her death and protected her from a crowd of about 20 males
that had gathered and began to insult and harass her. After spending the
night alone in the flat, amidst constant knocking at the door, the International
Catholic Migration Commission moved her into the Prizren/Prizren Seminary
where she remained. On 17th July the woman returned to her flat
with KFOR to find that it had been looted and a Kosovo Albanian family
had moved in. The third Kosovo Serb interviewed was a 36-year-old man who
had had a hand-grenade thrown into his yard by three unidentified men on
13th July. During this time his phone had been cut off for a
few hours so he was unable to call KFOR until the following day. On 26
th June and 15 th and 16 th July his house
and compound were shot at by unknown perpetrators. The interviewee was
disabled and lived alone. He had previously rented part of his house to
two Serb policemen and he thought that this might be the reason for the
attacks. The last family interviewed was a 65 and 70- year-old couple
who had been repeatedly threatened and harassed in their home. On 10
th and 15 th July they caught men scaling the wall of
their compound. On both occasions their house was shot at and the couple
called KFOR. Since these attacks, they said that windows had been broken
in their home and there was regular knocking at the door during the night.
The OSCE Human Rights team in Prizren/Prizren received a report from the
Priest at the Seminary of 16 elderly missing persons from Donjice, Prizren/Prizren
municipality, last seen on 27th June. There had been 18 elderly
Kosovo Serbs living in the village but two had been away when unknown perpetrators
burned it. These two now reside in the Seminary but the other 16 remain
Priest Nikola informed the Human rights team that the situation at the
Prizren/Prizren Seminary was critical. There were 250 people were taking
refuge in the Seminary that only had a capacity for 130. This included
five Kosovo Albanians and 30 Roma. Overcrowding and the lack of basic facilities
was leading to fights and quarrels. The residents were particularly unhappy
with the behaviour of the Roma families. The Priest was concerned that
more Kosovo Serbs from the villages were arriving but that UNHCR was unable
to quickly relocate them. Some however had been escorted by UNHCR to Kosovska
Mitrovica/Mitrovice, Pristina/Prishtine and other parts of Serbia. There
was a shortage of food and the Priest was very concerned about the effective
imprisonment of the people there. The Priest said he was in regular contact
with the Kosovo Serb population. He wanted KFOR Military Police to inform
him when they found a body or had information about a missing person in
order that he could tell the family.
The OSCE Human Rights team in Prizren/Prizren reported that due to KFOR
intervention the Muslim Slavs (Gora/Dragashi) again received medical treatment
in the Prizren/Prizren Hospital and Turkish ambulances would soon provide
medical assistance to the surrounding villages.
August 1999 Daily Reports Chronology
KFOR confirmed that the two explosions heard in Gnjilane/Gjilan on the
night of 30th July were due to KFOR artillery firing illuminating
rounds in a location north west of the town. This was part of a rescue
operation to extract a KFOR patrol that had been caught between small arms
fire during a shooting incident in the area of Paralovo.
An OSCE team observed KFOR arresting the Kosovo Serb passengers of two
vehicles that had been responsible for setting up illegal roadblocks along
the Straza to Stanisor road in Gnjilane/Gjilan.
In Klokot (south of Gnjilane/Gjilan), Vitina/Viti municipality, approximately
200 Kosovo Serbs protested to KFOR about the alleged presence of armed
Kosovo Albanians in the village. Kosovo Serbs in Partes and Pasjane (near
Gnjilane/Gjilan) also protested.
KFOR confirmed that they had removed the statue of King Lazar from its
location in Gnjilane/Gjilan following the signed petition presented during
the peaceful rally organised on 30th July.
Six Roma reported having been stopped at gunpoint by an armed group of
three Kosovo Albanians in Dobrcane, Gnjilane/Gjilan municipality. Allegedly,
the Roma's two vehicles, cash, documents and other personal property were
stolen. The Roma were leaving Gnjilane/Gjilan following other incidents
Properties were burned in both northern and southern Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice.
In Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice, an armed Kosovo Serb male reportedly threatened
a KFOR member while he was escorting a Kosovo Albanian family to visit
an apartment. KFOR and UNMIK Police reacted with a high profile operation
in northern Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice that closed all road access for
The UNMIK Police reported that they had opened 1,500 case files in Kosovska
Mitrovica/Mitrovice of which 75% were for looting and arson. There had
been no detentions relating to these cases.
A male was abducted, allegedly by UCK 'police', and held for more than
two hours in Klina/Kline.
An elderly Kosovo Serb couple were murdered in Pristina/Prishtine.
A Kosovo Serb male was reported kidnapped in Pristina/Prishtine.
Another meeting was arranged with the Roma representative for Durmis Aslano
area in Prizren/Prizren the OSCE Human Rights team in Prizren/Prizren was
not present at this meeting.
OSCE Human Rights Officers reported that the UCK appointed mayor in Orahovac/Rrahovec,
had little support from the community. The KFOR Commander had asked for
his dismissal (see 27th July).
The OSCE Human Rights team in Prizren/Prizren met with the former Mayor
of Suva Reka/Suhareke,who had been in post just prior to the war. He stated
that he had been unconstitutionally dismissed from his post on 5 th
April but had nowhere to go for redress of grievance. He said that only
two of the 10 local administrative offices were functioning, namely Suva
Reka/Suhareke and Musutiste. Both of these offices collected unconstitutional
taxes. Berisha said that the UCK-appointed 'mayor' of Prizren/Prizren had
offered him the position of 'deputy mayor' of Suva Reka/Suhareke but that
he did not want to accept. He was concerned about the illegitimate civil
administrations set up by the self-proclaimed government. The former Mayor
would not discuss relations between the UCK, the civil administration and
the population, but stressed the urgent necessity for a new Kosovo police
force and the establishment of the rule of law. He was particularly concerned
about the number of flats being illegally occupied.
Persons claiming to be UCK took three cows from a Roma family in Stupelj,
Beginning of August
Four Kosovo Albanians were arrested by KFOR for looting in Dobra Voda,
Approximately 1,000 Kosovo Serb IDPs from the Prizren/Prizren area moved
into the Strpce/Shterpce municipality reinforcing the area as a Kosovo
Between 1,000 and 2,000 Kosovo Serbs were estimated to still be living
in Pristina/Prishtine. The pre-war Kosovo Serb population was approximately
Fifty men in UCK uniform marched into the Gnjilane/Gjilan stadium, as the
first football match was about to start. They were immediately arrested
All 334 Kosovo Serb inhabitants left the village of Zitinje, Vitina/Viti
municipality, (near Gnjilane/Gjilan) and moved to Partes and Donja Budriga.
Allegedly all Kosovo Serb houses were looted and burned immediately after
First meeting of a Joint Commission for the Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice
municipality was held. Representatives from the Kosovo Albanian, Kosovo
Serb, Muslim Slav, Turkish and Roma communities were invited.
In Rogovo, Djakovica/Gjakove municipality, a Kosovo Albanian woman requested
help from KFOR because some UCK had allegedly beaten her and kidnapped
her two sons. KFOR searched the area but could not find the boys.
At 14:30 hours OSCE members accompanying UNHCR personnel found a corpse
in Jasic, Decane municipality . No further details were available.
A grenade attack against two Kosovo Serbs, a male and a female, was reported
in Kosovo Polje/Fushe Kosove (west of Pristina/Prishtine).
OSCE Human Rights Officers reported allegations that Roma were still being
summoned to the UCK 'police' station in Orahovac/Rrahovec for questioning.
Some of those summoned have reportedly been beaten or have disappeared.
The OSCE wrote a letter to the UCK Commander expressing concern and stating
that the UCK Commander would be held accountable for the well-being of
those being illegally detained. The OSCE told the Roma that the UCK had
no legal jurisdiction over them.
Three unidentified bodies were found two kilometres south of Donje Kusce
(near Gnjilane/Gjilan). In the Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica area, the bodies
of two Kosovo Serbs were found by KFOR and returned to their families.
The situation in Gnjilane/Gjilan was tense. OSCE was told that armed groups
from Albania were operating in the Urosevac/Ferizaj and Gnjilane/Gjilan
UNHCR informed the Human Rights Division that the Roma population in Gnjilane/Gjilan
had requested transport to other parts of Serbia. The Roma linked their
desire to leave with the removal of a KFOR checkpoint in the Roma quarter
of the town which they said meant that security was no longer guaranteed.
An OSCE Human Rights team found the bodies of three males in Gnjilane/Gjilan
following information provided by a local Kosovo Albanian. The bodies were
located in a wooded area adjacent to the former VJ (Yugoslav Army) training
base south east of Gnjilane/Gjilan. An OSCE Human Rights Officer informed
KFOR CID. At the scene, CID told the Human Rights team that one of the
victims may have been beaten to death and the other two executed by gunshots
to their heads. According to the CID, the individuals had been dead for
approximately one week. Their identities remained unknown and the bodies
were taken to the morgue in Gnjilane/Gjilan Hospital. The KFOR CID said
that they would continue to investigate the case.
A 20-year-old Kosovo Albanian male reported to the OSCE Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica
Field Office that he and his family of five had been expelled from their
house in a predominantly Kosovo Serb area.
IMC and IRC reported that two of their international teams were caught
between two illegal checkpoints in the Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica area
and held for up to four hours. One reason for the incident
may have been
the presence of local staff in one of the vehicles. Allegedly, local and
international staff of the two organisations were verbally threatened and
intimidated by a group of unknown armed civilians.
In Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice, a Kosovo Serb male was reportedly abducted
from the Orthodox Cemetery. Following this, and an arms search conducted
by KFOR in the Kosovo Serb village of Zupce, Zubin Potok/Zubin Potok municipality
(west of Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice), the Kosovo Serb leadership suspended
any discussions about freedom of movement in the town. The Kosovo Albanian
self-sytledadministration posted notices claiming the failure of the negotiations
and calling upon citizens to use their own initiative to return to the
north of the town.
A Kosovo Serb male and a Kosovo Serb female were murdered in separate incidents
A Kosovo Serb male was reported kidnapped in Pristina/Prishtine.
Grenades were thrown at Kosovo Serb flats in Lipljan/Lipjan . No injuries
KFOR reported three burning houses in Prizren/Prizren during the day of
1st August and three more during the night 1st and
2nd August. Since 1st July 156 fires had been reported
of which about 10-15% were second burnings of a house.
One of the judges at the Prizren/Prizren District Court threatened to resign
if the laws applicable in the territory of Kosovo prior to 24 th
March continued to be applied as stated in the UNMIK Regulation No. 1/1999
Section 3 (providing that the Serbian Penal Code applied). He demanded
that Section 3 should be changed so that the applicable law was that which
had existed until 1989.
A protest letter concerning UNMIK Regulation No 1/1999, signed by three
Judges at the Prizren/Prizren District Court was handed to the OSCE.
UNHCR transported 93 Kosovo Serbs from the Seminary in Prizren/Prizren
to other parts of Serbia. Further evacuations were planned.
In Prizren/Prizren, an unknown gunman shot into the garden of the house
in which the UN Head of Civil Administration lived.
In Orahovac/Rrahovec the house of a Roma was burned.
4 th August
KFOR confirmed that the bodies of two Kosovo Serbs had been found in Koretin/Koretin
(north of Gnjilane/Gjilan). The bodies were identified and released to
the respective families by the KFOR.
The three bodies found on 2nd August (in a wood south east of
Gnjilane/Gjilan) by an OSCE Human Rights team were now thought to be Kosovo
Following the IMC and IRC report that international teams were caught between
two illegal checkpoints in the Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica area, OSCE patrolled
the area in the afternoon together with the OSCE Head of Mission but no
trace of the checkpoints or the presence of armed civilians could be detected.
The Human Rights Division was informed by KFOR Civil Affairs of the report
of a gravesite in Zegra/Zheger, Gnjilane/Gjilan municipality. The OSCE
went to the site with the local Kosovo Albanian LDK representative and
the person reporting the find. The report had stated that a human hand
was visible above the ground. When the Human Rights team arrived at the
scene they saw that the ground had been dug over. The carcasses of animals,
probably cows, were all that could be seen in the four graves. A report
was given to KFOR CID.
Two Kosovo Serbs were reportedly abducted in Gnjilane/Gjilan while on their
way to Bojanina in a truck.
KFOR reported the largest arms find to date in Kosovo, in the Kosovo Albanian
town of Srbica (south west of Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice).
Kosovo Serbs blocked the main road from Zubin Potok/Zubin Potok (west of
Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice) to Montenegro and other parts of Serbia when
KFOR began to search for arms in Zupce, Zubin Potok/Zubin Potok municipality.
A bomb attack on a Kosovo Albanian, was reported in Pristina/Prishtine.
A Kosovo Serb male and a Kosovo Serb female were murdered in Pristina/Prishtine.
Two grenades were thrown into Kosovo Serb areas in Lipljan/Lipjan in separate
incidents. No injuries were reported.
Two Kosovo Serb farmers were killed in their field in Lipljan/Lipjan municipality.
KFOR reported that nine houses were burned and two people (identity unknown)
were kidnapped in Prizren/Prizren.
An OSCE member saw a grenade being thrown into a house in Prizren/Prizren
on the evening of the 3rd August. The perpetrators and the target
were unknown. KFOR was informed.
KFOR Military Police reported the murder of an elderly Kosovo Serb couple
who were found in their house in Prizren/Prizren on 1st August.
The 95-year-old man had died from severe blows to the head. The 78-year-old
woman had been stabbed 10 times. They had been dead for approximately one
week. The perpetrators were unknown.
An OSCE Human Rights staff member witnessed UCK 'police' detain a man on
the evening of 2nd August in Prizren/Prizren town. The man was
kicked and beaten before being thrown into a van. KFOR Military Police
were immediately informed by telephone.
An OSCE Human Rights team in Prizren/Prizren visited the Seminary to check
on the condition of the Kosovo Serbs seeking refuge there. The Priest confirmed
UNHCR had evacuated 93 people (of 250) the previous day but said that four
Kosovo Serbs, all elderly, had since been admitted to the Seminary from
Prizren/Prizren. In these cases, the Kosovo Serbs said that the main reason
for leaving their homes was lack of food rather than security, although
security remained an important consideration. The issue of lack of food
for Kosovo Serb families was relayed to UNHCR and ICMC.
The situation for the Kosovo Serb families in Prizren/Prizren town was
deteriorating and more were requesting international organisations to help
them leave the province.
It was reported that in the village of Ljubizda, Gora/Dragashi municipality,
the Muslim Slav children were unable to study in their Serbian language
because the Kosovo Albanian school administration did not allow it. Parents
who insisted on an education for their children in Serbian had allegedly
received threats that they would be killed and their houses would be burned.
In the Muslim Slav village of Gornje Selo, Prizren/Prizren municipality,
it was reported that several men from a wealthy Muslim Slav family, that
had close ties with the Kosovo Albanians, went to the school and demanded
that the teachers stop teaching in Serbian. They were reported to have
said that Albanian was 'the language of the future.' They also allegedly
threatened to 'bring UCK to punish' those who did not obey.
In Orahovac/Rrahovec, a Roma was summoned to the UCK 'police station' for
'an informative talk' but he did not respond.
5 th August
The situation remained tense in the Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica, Dobrcane
and Ranilug areas. A Kosovo Albanian from Dobrcane was shot dead and shooting
was also reported also from Petrovce in the direction of Ranilug (south
of Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica).
Several KFOR soldiers were medically evacuated to Camp Bondsteel (US KFOR
base) after being shot at from a nearby mountain, while attempting to enter
an industrial area together with Kosovo Serb employees.
In Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica a demonstration against Russian KFOR took
At 07:30 hours two Kosovo Serbs were killed and two others were injured
when a convoy in which they were travelling from Vitina/Viti (south of
Gnjilane/Gjilan) out of Kosovo/Kosova was attacked before it left the province.
An OSCE Human Rights team visited Ranilug to see the 'mayor.' He said that
on 3rd August a shooting had occurred at around 22:30 hours
from the direction of Petrovce and houses had been hit. The Human Rights
team saw five houses with bullet marks on the walls. Two bullets were recovered
and passed to KFOR for identification.
The OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan held a meeting with KFOR
CID to arrange interviews of witnesses to abductions. OSCE agreed to provide
transport and interpretation for the witnesses who were willing to testify
before KFOR. The first interviews were scheduled for 5 th August.
The bodies of the three Kosovo Serbs found near Gnjilane/Gjilan on 2nd
August remained unidentified.
The OSCE Human Rights team visited Gnjilane/Gjilan Hospital to follow up
a KFOR report regarding the body of a Kosovo Albanian that was taken there
by six Kosovo Albanians. It was confirmed that the deceased was a 19-year-old
Kosovo Albanian male who had been shot in the neck. The incident had allegedly
taken place in Dobrcane (north east of Gnjilane/Gjilan) early in the morning,
but the circumstances were unknown.
A demonstration took place in Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica at 21:30 hours.
UCK inspired, anti-Russian activity had been reported in the municipality.
A grenade attack was reported on a Kosovo Serb house in the north of Kosovska
Mitrovica/Mitrovice. There were no injuries but the house was damaged.
The incident precipitated the Kosovo Serb community to move the location
of the market to a position along the north bank of the river.
A KFOR patrol arrested five Kosovo Albanian civilians while they were looting
some houses in Djakovica/Gjakove .
The UN Regional Administrator for the Pec/Peje region, formally took under
UN authority the self-appointed, Kosovo Albanian administration of Pec/Peje.
KFOR Military Police in Pec/Peje had arrested 59 persons for activities
including kidnapping, shooting, arson and looting.
Two Roma were reportedly detained and questioned by Kosovo Albanians in
A grenade attack took place against a Kosovo Serb house in Lipljan/Lipjan.
No injuries were reported.
The Acting Head of the OSCE Prizren/Prizren Regional Centre arranged a
meeting with the UCK Commander of the Pastrik Zone to discuss the involvement
of the UCK in incidents over the last three weeks in the Dragas/Dragash
The OSCE Human Rights team in Prizren/Prizren visited Suva Reka/Suhareke
(north east of Prizren/Prizren) and met with the UCK Commander of the 123
Brigade. He commented that the security situation had stabilised,
that there was good co-operation with KFOR and that they were complying
with the UCK demilitarisation agreement. The Commander said that there
were regular discussions with the local self-sytled civil administration
of the UCK-appointed government that had been established in Suva Reka/Suhareke.
He stressed the necessity to keep separate civil and military structures
but said that until elections were held the area fell under his responsibility.
When OSCE met with the local KFOR Commander he commented that relations
with UCK 123 Brigade were very good and that the UCK 'police station' in
the town had now closed.
OSCE met with the self-sytled civil administrator of Suva Reka/Suhareke
regarding the newly established civil structure in the municipality. He
said that the administration had been divided into 10 sectors and that
he was appointing one person to head each sector.
According to KFOR, the Kosovo Serbs and Kosovo Albanians in Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica
had agreed not to set up roadblocks in the future. However, KFOR advised
OSCE to avoid visiting the region for the next five or six days until the
tense situation was defused.
In Gnjilane/Gjilan, it was reprted that the harvest was 70% complete, with
the exception of the mixed village of Cernica (south of Gnjilane/Gjilan)
and the area north west of Gnjilane/Gjilan where Kosovo Serbs were hesitant
to gather the harvest as Serbs had previously been shot dead while working
in the fields.
An OSCE Human Rights team witnessed three Roma houses burning in Gnjilane/Gjilan.
KFOR sent fire engines to extinguish the flames. Very few Roma families
were left in the town. KFOR reported that they were patrolling day and
night to try and maintain security.
At an international NGO co-ordination meeting in Gnjilane/Gjilan, KFOR
recommended that internationals and their local staff should avoid travel
in the Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica area. The issue of security for the minority
populations in the region and the international community was central to
the meeting. IMC asked UNHCR to co-ordinate and provide security updates
for its implementing partners.
Unknown persons reportedly harassed a Roma female in Kolonja, a Roma settlement
on the outskirts of Djakovica/Gjakove.
Six separate grenade attacks were reported in Lipljan/Lipjan. Four were
in the Kosovo Serb area and two in the Kosovo Albanian district. No injuries
Kosovo Serb villagers from Strpce/Shterpce blocked KFOR for over five hours
after rumours had spread that two shepherds had been kidnapped. The rumours
turned out to be false.125
In the Urosevac/Ferizaj area , a KFOR vehicle was shot at.
An OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan joined KFOR CID to investigate
the report of two bodies in the Binacka Morava River between Ugljare and
Podgradje, Gnjilane/Gjilan municipality. Both bodies were decomposed and
KFOR CID estimated that they had been in the water for approximately one
month. Their identity and the cause of death were unknown.
An OSCE Human Rights team went to Donje Korminjane, Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica
municipality. They were informed by a Kosovo Serb resident that approximately
20 armed UCK had tried to enter the village at 22:00 hours on the night
of 5 th August but were allegedly repelled by local Kosovo Serbs.
KFOR also intervened and one KFOR soldier was wounded in the hip.
An OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan met with ICTY and a team of
forensic experts who had responded to the OSCE request to visit the Podgradje
gravesite (east of Gnjilane/Gjilan). The ICTY team agreed to return and
exhume the bodies. The ICTY team was also interested in the two bodies
found in the river (see above, 6th August).
Kosovo Albanian staff and patients left the Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice
Hospital complaining about a lack of security. In the following 24 hours,
bomb threats caused the hospital to be evacuated of Kosovo Serb staff and
patients. After successful UN-led negotiations, the Kosovo Albanian staff
and patients returned at the beginning of the following week.
An unknown gunmen killed a 66-year-old Kosovo Serb male and wounded two
others in the Serb quarter of Orahovac/Rrahovec. One of the wounded men,
a 65-year-old, told OSCE that at 21:20 hours a lone gunmen had opened fire
on a group of five old men sitting on a step killing one of them instantly.
KFOR had arrived immediately and took a 65-year-old wounded man to the
KFOR Hospital in Prizren/Prizren. The community said they were pleased
with the quick reaction of KFOR but no assailant had yet been caught.
A 13-year-old girl sustained leg injuries when she stepped on a mine in
the Vitina/Viti municipality (south of Gnjilane/Gjilan).
A Kosovo Serb male was killed near the boundary of Gnjilane/Gjilan and
Novo Brodo/Novo Berde municipalities. KFOR CID interviewed two Kosovo Albanian
witnesses who said that heavy machine gun fire was heard in the area overnight.
A demonstration took place in Gnjilane/Gjilan regarding KFOR taking over
public buildings previously occupied by the UCK.
The three Kosovo Serbs found dead in a wood near Gnjilane/Gjilan on 2nd
August remained unidentified. KFOR CID informed the OSCE that they had
discontinued investigations and that the bodies had been left in the morgue.
An OSCE Human Rights Officer decided to circulate photos of the deceased
among selected contacts in the Kosovo Serb community in the attempt to
identify the bodies.
In Zlokucane, Klina/Kline municipality, 11 Kosovo Albanians were caught
A grenade was thrown into a Kosovo Serb bar in Obilic/Obiliq wounding five
In Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice, Kosovo Albanians attempted to cross the
bridge to the north. The demonstration ended in a violent confrontation
with KFOR. During the demonstration KFOR fired shots in order to prevent
direct clashes between Kosovo Albanian and Kosovo Serb protesters.
Three masked men wearing camouflage uniforms beat a Kosovo Serb male in
Zupce, Zubin Potok/Zubin Potok municipality (west of Prizren/Prizren).
A Kosovo Serb male was stabbed in Pristina/Prishtine.
A grenade attack against a Kosovo Serb house in Lipljan/Lipjan was reported.
There were no injuries.
In Lipljan/Lipjan municipality, 16 Kosovo Albanians were arrested in relation
to a series of grenade attacks over the previous weeks. Between 9th
July and 7th August there were approximately 30 grenade attacks
or grenade-related incidents in the Lipljan/Lipjan municipality. (Between
7th August, when the first arrests were made, and 21st
September, when the last two suspects were released, there were only two
recorded grenade-related incidents).
An OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan visited the family of one
of the missing Kosovo Serbs with two experts from Physicians for Human
Rights (PHR). The victim had disappeared in Gnjilane/Gjilan but without
any evidence of abduction.
An OSCE Human Rights Officer visited the mass grave in Podgradje, Gnjilane/Gjilan
municipality, where ICTY investigations began on 6th August.
On 7th August the site was cleared by the Explosives Ordnance
Disposal team (EOD) allowing excavation to begin. One body had so far been
recovered. Excavations were continuing. It appeared that the site was comprised
of several graves of different ages, one of which was possibly dug during
the recent conflict.
A Kosovo Serb female was reported missing in Pristina/Prishtine.
A Kosovo Serb was murdered in Urosevac/Ferizaj.
A 69-year-old Kosovo Serb male was shot dead in Gornji Makres, Gnjilane/Gjilan
municipality. His house and barn were burned. Witnesses to the murder alleged
that the perpetrators had said that they were from the UCK. The UCK had
reportedly entered the same house on 2nd August and told the
family of the victim to leave the village.
A 40-year-old Kosovo Serb male was shot dead in Pones, Gnjilane/Gjilan
municipality. At 20.45 hours, three young Kosovo Albanians reportedly ambushed
him in front of his house as he drove home with his wife and two daughters.
A 52-year-old Kosovo Serb female was killed and one 56-year-old Kosovo
Serb male was injured in Dobrcane, Gnjilane/Gjilan municipality. Kosovo
Albanians shot at a convoy of Kosovo Serb IDPs driving from Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica
The UN Interim Civil Administration stopped the further removal of furniture
and documents from the Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice Court and Police buildings.
A quantity of Court documentation had been taken out of Kosovo to Novi
Pazar (north west of Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice) before the arrival of
In Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice, a joint meeting between the Kosovo Albanian
and Kosovo Serb leadership agreed that the return process must be voluntary
and with no conditions attached. The two sides agreed to draw up lists
of those who would be willing to move in order that security might be provided
A Kosovo Albanian male complained of ill-treatment by KFOR during a demonstration
in Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice.
An OSCE Field Office was opened in Djakovica/Gjakove .
Two Kosovo Serb females were shot and two Kosovo Serb males were stabbed
A 12-year-old Roma girl was critically injured in a grenade attack in Pristina/Prishtine.
In Orahovac/Rrahovec municipality, the UCK Commander in Brestovac was shot
and killed. His hands hand been tied behind his back and he had been shot
eight times. He was working in a field away from the village, in the direction
of Velica Hoca. His son found him at around 12:30 hours.
A former OSCE employee was taken from his mixed family home in Orahovac/Rrahovec
by three men dressed in black who claimed to be from the UCK 'Staff Headquarters.'
UNMIK continued trying to negotiate for Kosovo Serbs in Orahovac/Rrahovec
and Velica Hoca to get access to the hospital and the town centre for shopping.
The Kosovo Albanians were still refusing to accept this. These incidents,
combined with the rumours of the arrival of the KFOR, created a very tense
atmosphere in the town. The UCK said that they were worried about the number
of weapons being held in the Serb quarter and they claimed war criminals
were seeking refuge there. KFOR also viewed the situation as very serious.
An elderly Kosovo Serb was shot dead in Prizren/Prizren. His wife was critically
injured and was evacuated to Pristina/Prishtine Hospital.
KFOR reported that two people were killed in separate incidents in Kosovska
Kamenica/Kamenica, a Kosovo Albanian male and Kosovo Serb female. A Kosovo
Albanian male was also killed in nearby Koretin/Koretin.
A 63-year-old Kosovo Albanian male reported to the Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica
OSCE Field Office that his house had been hit by machine gun fire, allegedly
from a Kosovo Serb neighbour's house. Inspection of the property revealed
that a single bullet had broken a first floor window and entered the wall
inside of the property. No further evidence of shots hitting the house
could be found. KFOR were made aware of this incident.
In the evening KFOR searched the Internat building in Gnjilane/Gjilan which
had been used since mid-June by the UCK as a Headquarters. The OSCE had
told KFOR that the building was allegedly used for torture. KFOR found
a room containing gloves, several uniforms, weapons, ammunition, explosives,
and booby-traps. KFOR arrested nine individuals but was prevented from
detaining more when an angry crowd of Kosovo Albanians arrived at the building.
Automatic fire was reported on a daily basis in Gnjilane/Gjilan, Kosovska
Kamenica/Kamenica and Vitina/Viti. In Vitina/Viti a hand grenade was thrown
at the residence of a former Kosovo Serbian administrator. In Kosovska
Kamenica/Kamenica, KFOR were directly fired upon on two occasions.
In the village Zitinje, despite a KFOR permanent presence, all 45 Kosovo
Serb houses were set on fire and totally destroyed.
Following the fatal shooting incident on 9th August, another
convoy of Kosovo Serb IDPs was shot at while passing through the village
of Dobrcane, Gnjilane/Gjilan municipality. KFOR was escorting the convoy
and had two permanent checkpoints in the village. KFOR informed the OSCE
that a Kosovo Albanian was shot dead in Dobrcane.
KFOR reported two instances of abductions in Gnjilane/Gjilan (identity
not known). Meanwhile OSCE learned of one Kosovo Albanian also missing
in the area of Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica.
Gnjilane/Gjilan Church Council (a Serbian organisation) provided the Human
Rights Division with a list of 31 Kosovo Serbs allegedly abducted in the
municipality during June and July. A copy of the list, together with a
memorandum drafted by the former mayors of Gnjilane/Gjilan and Ranilug
was sent to OSCE Pristina/Prishtine Headquarters. OSCE Human Rights Officers
in Gnjilane/Gjilan had previously received information regarding 17 cases
all of which had been verified. The Human Rights Department in Gnjilane/Gjilan
started recording ante-mortem data of cases of disappearance (for which
no witnesses were available) in co-operation with Physicians for Human
Rights, using PHR forms. Given the urgency and the scale of this phenomenon
in the region, the exercise became a priority.
An OSCE Human Rights Officer visited Koretiste, Gnjilane/Gjilan to follow
up the killing of a Kosovo Serb female on 9th August (see above).
A gunman shot into the victims vehicle killing the woman and injuring her
husband. A second woman sitting in the back of the car was unharmed and
agreed to make a statement.
OSCE Human Rights Officers followed up the cases of two Kosovo Serb males
allegedly abducted in the villages of Ranilug and Donje Korminjane (north
At Podgradje mass gravesite, ICTY and the forensic experts had located
11 bodies and exhumed five. Several identification cards were recovered
from one of the bodies but ICTY said that it was common for ID cards unrelated
to the bodies to be found at burial sites. The team of experts was therefore
still unable to determine the ethnicity of the bodies or to identify them.
Two grenades launched from the south of Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice into
the north hit Kosovo Albanian and Kosovo Serb homes along the front of
the river. There were no casualties. In reaction, thousands of people gathered
on either side of the bridge. Reportedly, during the night, 130 Kosovo
Albanians were evicted by Kosovo Serbs.
OSCE Human Rights Officers in Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice interviewed
the family of a Muslim Slav male reported as abducted on 10th August. This
abduction was followed by the reported detention of the victim's son-in-law
following his appearance in a Kosovo Serb bar in possession of a hand grenade.
The Serb National Council handed OSCE Human rights Officers a list of abducted
and missing Kosovo Serbs from the Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice region.
In Djakovica/Gjakove KFOR raided reported UCK detention facilities and
arrested 12 UCK members and confiscated their weapons.
A Kosovo Serb female was seriously wounded and a Kosovo Serb man slightly
wounded by mortar fire in Gora/Dragas/Dragashhizdevac, Pec/Peje municipality.
Ten mortar rounds were fired towards the Serb village. The female died
after evacuation to the KFOR Hospital in Banja./
A Kosovo Serb female was murdered in Urosevac/Ferizaj.
KFOR Military Police in Prizren/Prizren reported that between 1st
and 11th August they found 10 bodies and were aware of 10 kidnappings
and 13 missing persons.
The burning of houses in Prizren/Prizren town continued although the rate
The occupation of Kosovo Serb houses continued in Prizren/Prizren and there
were reports of people (mainly Kosovo Serbs) being harassed out of their
The situation in the region of Prizren/Prizren was described as very tense.
A UN Interim Civil Administration round-table meeting took place in Prizren/Prizren.
A lawyer, said that up to 24 th March there were 420 prisoners
from the area being held by Belgrade authorities. The Serbian Ministry
of Justice confirmed that 320 were being held in Serbian prisons but the
whereabouts of the other 100 was not known.
In Prizren/Prizren the UN Interim Civil Administration had given notices
to 11 owners of illegal constructions demanding that they submit their
plans to the Department of Urbanisation or face demolition of the buildings.
The Court in Prizren/Prizren had heard 17 cases. UN Interim Civil Administration
had provided an interpreter to liaise between the Judges and KFOR, and
KFOR had provided guards for the Courthouse and Prosecutor's building.
Three Judges threatened to resign from the Court and did not report to
work. The remaining Judges said they were under considerable pressure because
they were seen as those applying Serbian Law.
The UN Interim Civil Administration started to issue provisional marriage,
birth and death certificates.
In Prizren/Prizren the Head of the UN Interim Civil Administration begun
to replace the functions of the UCK-appointed mayor in the municipality.
The UN started working from the municipality building and compiled lists
of who would occupy positions in the four municipalities. The new administrations
would initially sit for three months and meet twice a week. The so-called
'mayor' thanked the UN Regional Administrator and said that he looked forward
to working with the new administration. The 'mayor' of Malisevo, Orahovac/Rrahovec
municipality said that he had already set up a functioning structure.
The UCK stationed part of 127 Brigade (which was a new Brigade) in the
old police station in Belobrod municipality . They said this was in response
to Serb paramilitary groups in Prizren/Prizren but it was noted by OSCE
that the UCK was already occupying the building. The population in the
area were all Kosovo Albanians but they were reportedly objecting to the
The situation in Dragas/Dragash was very tense and the Muslims Slavs (Gora/Dragashi)
felt that they were being pushed out. Most of the Gora/Dragashi shops had
closed. A Muslim Slav from nearby Lubiste was beaten when he tried to open
his shop in Dragas/Dragash.
OSCE Human Rights Officers visited the Kosovo Serb enclave of approximately
1,100 inhabitants in Velika Hoca/Hoce e Madhe, Orahovac/Rrahovec municipality.
Local representatives said that food was not a problem but they were still
very concerned about freedom of movement.
12th to 16th August
KFOR reported a house fire in Gnjilane/Gjilan. A demonstration took place
in the afternoon in front of the KFOR Information Centre to demand the
release of the Kosovo Albanians arrested during the raid in the UCK Internat
building. A demonstration also took place against KFOR in Dobrcane.
ICTY and the forensic teams completed their work at the mass gravesite
in Podgradje. Gnjilane/Gjilan municipality. The bodies were put in the
morgue pending identification. ICTY agreed to arrange a viewing of photos
of the clothing for Kosovo Albanians on Saturday 14 th August
in Gnjilane/Gjilan. ICTY started working in a new site in Djelekare (east
In Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice speakers at a rally organised by the Serb
National Council called for the perpetrators of the grenade attacks (see
10th August) to be punished. They also called for the return
of IDPs to be postponed and for the VJ (Yugoslav Army) and MUP to come
to the town to ensure security. The concept of cantonisation of the northern
municipalities in Kosovo was raised.
Four bodies were found in the village of Rastovica, Decane municipality
. Three of the bodies were identified.
The freedom of movement of 20 monks and 20 other Serb civilians in the
Orthodox Monastery of Decane was restricted. None of them were able to
leave the Monastery without KFOR protection.
A house was reported burning in Junik, Decane municipality .
The UCK appointed local government in Djakovica/Gjakove began issuing vehicle
A house burning was reported in Pec/Peje municipality.
A Kosovo Serb female was reported kidnapped in Pristina/Prishtine.
A grenade attack against Kosovo Serb property in the Lipljan/Lipjan area
resulted in the wounding of two Kosovo Serb females.
OSCE Human Rights Officers visited a Muslim Slav family in Prizren/Prizren
whose apartment had reportedly been robbed the previous night by two Kosovo
Albanian menIn Orahovac/Rrahovec, the OSCE attended the reburial of 75
victims who were killed fighting on 25 th and 27 th
March. Twenty-two of the dead were from the same reknown, family, among
them a well-known physician who had worked in Pristina/Prishtine. A total
of 197 villagers from Velica Krusa were killed during the war. The UCK-appointed
'mayor' of Prizren/Prizren and the UCK Zone Commander also attended the
13 th August
The Kosovo Serb population of Crkolez, Istok/Istog municpality, left the
village with most moving to Dren (near Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice). According
to a Kosovo Albanian source, Serb groups returned on a daily basis to collect
personal belongings from their houses. 10 to 15 Serbian cars crossed the
KFOR checkpoint daily, returning to Zubin Potok/Zubin Potok or Dren (both
Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice Region) with the goods that they collected.
14 th August
KFOR reported that the body of a Kosovo Serb male, age 25 to 35, had been
found in the vicinity of Gornja Mahala, Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica municipality.
An unknown sniper in Donje Korminjane wounded a KFOR soldier.
In the mixed village of Cernica (south west of Gnjilane/Gjilan), KFOR found
10 Kosovo Albanian males in possession of illegal ammunition.
Freshly dug fighting positions were found by KFOR near the Gnjilane/Gjilan
to Pristina/Prishtine road.
In Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica, 200 to 300 Kosovo Albanians demonstrated
against the presence of Russian KFOR.
KFOR prevented several trucks containing armed Kosovo Serbs from crossing
from the north to the south of Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice.
Unknown persons set a house on fire in Banja, Istok/Istog municipality.
Two houses were set on fire in Pec/Peje.
96 Kosovo Serb refugees travelled from Kraljevo to Gora/Dragas/Dragashhizdevac,
Pec/Peje municipality, escorted by KFOR as requested by the
Yugoslav Red Cross.
The Human Rights team in Pec/Peje reported that a peaceful demonstration
was held in front of KFOR Headquarters requesting NATO's assistance in
gaining the release of prisoners held in Serbian jails. About 150 people
A Kosovo Serb male was murdered in Pristina/Prishtine.
Armed UCK representatives reportedly threatened the Kosovo Serb employees
in the municipal building of Kosovo Polje/Fushe Kosove (south of Pristina/Prishtine).
The Serb staff decided not to work there anymore.
The OSCE Human Rights team in Prizren/Prizren visited some villages close
to the Albanian border. There were no reported security incidents in the
area and the villagers were pleased with the KFOR troops. In Restelica
(west of Prizren/Prizren) village representatives reported that the UCK
sometimes searched the village for weapons.
Reports from Orahovac/Rrahovec suggested that the atmosphere was relaxing
with all sides expressing more willingness to begin dialogue.
15 th August
Four houses were on fire in the centre of Gnjilane/Gjilan and explosions
were heard in nearby Silovo.
In Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica random roadblocks were put in place using
up to 30 tractors and trailers. KFOR were patrolling in the area.
In Gnjilane/Gjilan, eight Kosovo Albanian males wearing black uniforms
allegedly abducted two Kosovo Serb males. The OSCE interviewed eyewitnesses
and took statements.
The OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan collected ante-mortem data
on three missing person cases from Ranilug (near Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica)
and two cases in Klokot (south of Gnjilane/Gjilan). In the Klokot cases,
OSCE Human Rights Officers received information from one relative that
the families were approached by an unknown Kosovo Albanian to pay a lump
sum for the release of the abducted.
Two Kosovo Serb males, reportedly carrying hand grenades, were detained
in southern Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice.
KFOR informed the OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan that in the
last five days, five Kosovo Serbs and two Kosovo Albanians had been killed,
one of whom was a member of the UCK.
The OSCE Human Rights Division received a memorandum signed by the former
Mayors of Gnjilane/Gjilan and Ranilug regarding 33 cases of Kosovo Serb
abductions between June and 15 th August. These had been registered
with the Church Board.
Approximately 450 Kosovo Serbs remained in the Vitina/Viti enclaves situated
in the south of Gnjilane/Gjilan. In Vitina/Viti, a grenade was thrown into
the house of a Kosovo Serb representative and shooting incidents continued
The OSCE Human Rights teams in Gnjilane/Gjilan collected ante-mortem data
of another missing person case in Klokot. With respect to the previous
Klokot cases (see 14 th August), the OSCE confirmed information
about the payment of money for the release of one victim and received details
of the people involved.
According to information by Serbian villagers in Klokot, Vitina/Viti municipality,
the UCK was allegedly holding Kosovo Serbs in the nearby village of Vrban.
Unknown persons set on fire two houses in Orasje, Pec/Peje municipality.
A peaceful demonstration of about 100 Kosovo Albanians was held in Pec/Peje
demanding the help of UNMIK to secure the release of family members
being held in Serbian Prisons. The plight of one particular Kosovo Albanian
A Kosovo Albanian was shot in Madanje, Pec/Peje municipality. He was taken
to the hospital in Banja.
The new Provisional City Council headed by the UN Civil Administrator met
in Prizren/Prizren. The former 'mayor', who had been appointed during the
Serbian regime, objected to the way the meeting was conducted. He said
that everything had been working very well before and that there was no
reason to change this. The former 'mayor' ended by saying he was still
the legitimate mayor and then walked out of the meeting. No one else left
and the meeting continued. It was decided that the Council would meet twice
a week in the municipal building.
In Prizren/Prizren an elderly Kosovo Serb woman left her house after it
had been looted. A Kosovo Albanian family immediately occupied it.
A Kosovo Serb male was reportedly kidnapped in Pristina/Prishtine.
A Kosovo Serb male was murdered in Pristina/Prishtine.
An elderly Kosovo Serb female was murdered in Pristina/Prishtine.
Two Kosovo Serb males were killed and five were wounded in a mortar attack
in Klokot, Vitina/Viti municipality (south of Gnjilane/Gjilan).
A 6-year-old Kosovo Albanian boy was shot and critically wounded in the
stomach at Koretin/Koretin (south of Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica).
In the Pec/Peje region KFOR carried out a search operation to find Serbian
forces that were allegedly infiltrating the area through the Klina/Kline
In Pec/Peje approximately 300 Kosovo Albanians attended a peaceful demonstration
about Albanians detained in Serbia.
An elderly Kosovo Serb female was murdered in Pristina/Prishtine.
A grenade was thrown into a Kosovo Serb bar in Obilic/Obiliq wounding two
In Dragas/Dragash, Gora/Dragashi municipality , the OSCE met LDK party
political activists. They said that a previous meeting with the local UCK
Commander had been useful. No harassment, threats or other incidents were
An international aid worker was attacked in her home in Prizren/Prizren.
The perpetrators were unknown.
KFOR reported a hand-grenade attack in Gnjilane/Gjilan where three Kosovo
Serb females were slightly injured. The victims immediately left for other
parts of Serbia escorted by KFOR. A grenade attack was also reported in
Vitina/Viti where a Kosovo Serb was slightly injured.
In Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice, an exhibition was held of items of clothing
and other personal belongings from exhumation sites in the region. This
was to enable relatives to identify if their family members were among
the victims found in various mass-graves. ICTY, OSCE and UNMIK Police initiated
the scheme with co-operation from the self-styled local 'War Crimes Commission.'
In Pristina/Prishtine a 65-year-old Kosovo Serb female was critically injured
after being attacked in her home in Ravniste, Vitina/Viti municipality.
OSCE Human Rights Officers learned about the killing of a 75-year-old Kosovo
Serb male in Pozaranje (south west of Gnjilane/Gjilan).
The OSCE Human Rights Department was informed that a 69-year-old Kosovo
Serb had disappeared in Klokot (south west of Pristina/Prishtine) while
working in the fields on 23rd July.
During the collection of ante-mortem data in Vrbovac (east of Vitina/Viti)
three new cases of kidnapping emerged.
OSCE uman Rights Officers in Pec/Peje were informed that Belgrade authorities
had tasked the Yugoslav Red Cross and Father Jovan of the Pec/Peje Patriarchy
to prepare the pre-conflict Kosovo Serb villages of Levosa, Belo Polje/Bellopoje,
Siga, all in Pec/Peje municipality for Kosovo Serb returnees.
The OSCE held regular meetings with KFOR who were responsible for the Gora/Dragas/Dragashhizdevac
area (east of Pec/Peje). OSCEHuman Rights teams also conducted interviews
with representative of the Yugoslav Red Cross and Kosovo Serb inhabitants
of Gora/Dragas/Dragashhizdevac. The OSCE were informed that there were
3,000 to 4,000 displaced Kosovo Serbs willing to return to Gora/Dragas/Dragashhizdevac.
Another peaceful demonstration of approximately 200 Kosovo Albanians was
held in Pec/Peje with the issue being the detained Albanian prisoners in
An OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan followed-up the mortar attack
on Klokot, Vitina/Viti. Two Kosovo Serbs were killed, a 22-year-old female
and a 22-year-old male. Six Kosovo Serbs were injured, two females and
four males. The average age of the injured persons was 19. KFOR said a
60mm mortar had been used in the attack.
In Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice, at a meeting of representatives of the
international community, the UNHCR expressed its concern that returns were
being forced before the appropriate security pre-conditions were in place.
On the other hand, KFOR believed the returns were contributing to a period
of increasing stability. The UN Interim Civil Administration strongly backed
the continuation of the returns process under the appropriate security
and was supported by the OSCE in this decision.
KFOR escorted a group of 30 Kosovo Serbs to Montenegro. 29 were Krajina
Serbs (refugees from Croatia) who had been assisted by the Pec/Peje Patriarchy
to travel out of Kosovo.
Unknown men threatened an international aid worker in a public place in
Eight houses were burned in Prizren/Prizren during the day. During the
night one further house fire spread to two neighbouring Kosovo Albanian
houses, one of which was protected by UNESCO.
The UNMIK-led Provisional City Council in Prizren/Prizren held its second
meeting. The meeting was long, difficult and many issues were left unresolved.
The house of an alleged Officer of the Serbian State Security Service was
burned in Orohavac/Rrahovec. This was the 106 Kosovo Serb house or apartment
to be burned in the town.
The OSCE held meetings in Orahovac/Rrahovec with Kosovo Serb, Roma and
Kosovo Albanian representatives. The general atmosphere was co-operative
and the idea of regular informal meetings was proposed. The idea was based
upon a model developed by OSCE-KVM. These informal meetings were to run
parallel to those at the political level but would not be publicised and
would discuss issues of human rights, humanitarian aid and democratisation.
They were to be arranged and chaired by OSCE and take place at the OSCE
premises in the town. UN Interim Civil Administration were arranging the
political meetings and establishing the legitimate municipal authority.
UNHCR informed the OSCE Human Rights Department of meetings in Orahovac/Rrahovec
with the Kosovo Serb community. They reported that the bulk of the Serb
population of Orahovac/Rrahovec wished to leave. Some Kosovo Serb residents
of nearby Zociste were still on hunger strike for the right to leave the
Efforts to trace the abducted former OSCE-KVM employee had failed. Rumours
in Orahovac/Rrahovec were that a Kosovo Albanian group operating outside
of the control of the UCK, were responsible. The UCK expressed regret but
said that they had no ability to investigate unless they were armed and
this was no longer permitted.
A Muslim Slav (Gora/Dragashi) living in Suva Reka/Suhareke (north east
of Prizren/Prizren) reported that three unknown men forced entry into his
house. They them beat him, his cousin and the son of his cousin. The perpetrators
fled when some neighbours appeared. The man had previously been threatened.
OSCE Human Rights Officers reported that there were constant troubles at
the Friday market in Dragas/Dragash, Gora/Dragashi municipality.The Kosovo
Albanians allegedly harassed the Muslim Slavs trying to sell their goods.
KFOR had intervened to try to improve the situation.
UNHCR visited a Kosovo Serb family in Prizren/Prizren and in the evening
their house was burned. UNHCR were concerned that there may be a connection
between their visits and house burning because this had happened on previous
19th to 23rd August
The Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan went to Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica
to collect information for the joint OSCE UNHCR 'Minorities' report. Approximately
50% of the Kosovo Serb families remained in the area. Reports of an influx
of Kosovo Albanians from other parts of Serbia were received and UNHCR
confirmed that they had registered about 1,600. UNHCR were making plans
for their housing and the delivery of humanitarian aid.
The Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan compiled a list of all reported
missing/abducted persons and killings in the Gnjilane/Gjilan area.
At 02:15 hours, unknown perpetrators threw two Molotov-cocktails and two
hand-grenades towards the Orthodox Church in Djakovica/Gjakove. Two KFOR
soldiers were injured in the incident. Kosovo Serbs were present at the
Church but were not injured.
Two Kosovo Serbs were injured when two grenades were thrown in Crkvena
Vodica, Obilic/Obiliq municipality .
Information that the KFOR were to be deployed to Orahovac/Rrahovec became
generally known and immediately the Kosovo Albanians ceased to contemplate
any dialogue with the other communities.
In Orahovac/Rrahovec, the mixed family of the former OSCE employee who
was abducted (see 9th and 18th August above), were
reportedly robbed by the same men who took the former employee on 9th
August. They claimed that the employee was still alive and demanded money.
KFOR Military Police reported that a man was abducted near Prizren/Prizren
and was taken to the UCK 'police' Headquarters in Prizren/Prizren. KFOR
later secured his release.
Three men in UCK uniform attacked an international fireman as he was putting
out a house fire in Prizren/Prizren. The victim knew one of the UCK attackers
and KFOR was informed immediately. This was the third attack against an
international in Prizren/Prizren in the last two weeks.
OSCE Human Rights Officers chaired a meeting with UNHCR,
ICRC and KFOR
concerning human rights developments in Prizren/Prizren. Particular concern
was expressed for the plight of the ever-decreasing number of Kosovo Serb
families in Prizren/Prizren who continued to be harassed. There were 235
people seeking refuge in the Seminary and UNHCR planned further transfers
to other parts of Serbia.
A decomposed body was found in a concrete well in Srbobran, Istok/Istog
municipality. The body was identified as a blacksmith from Istok/Istog
Relatives of some of the disappeared Kosovo Serbs from the Pec/Peje region
returned to the Orthodox Patriarchy of Pec/Peje to enquire about news of
their missing relatives. KFOR provided escorts back and forth from Montenegro.
20 Krajina Serbs were residing in the Patriarchy awaiting transfer out
of the province by the UNHCR.
A 12-hour peaceful demonstration was held in Decane . The demonstrators
called for the immediate release of all Kosovo Albanians detained in Serbian
prisons, the departure of all Serbs still living in Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice
and an independent state of Kosovo.
In Pec/Peje municipality, KFOR informed the OSCE that during a routine
search a truck carrying humanitarian aid was found to also be carrying
weapons. Investigations continued.
One hundred and thirty five Kosovo Serbs (110 adults and 25 Children) returned
to Gora/Dragashhi, (south east of Pec/Peje).
KFOR carried out arrests in Orahovac/Rrahovec. They sealed off the Serbian
quarter of the town and with a force of about 40 men plus three armoured
personnel carriers, several landrovers and a number of UNMIK Police secured
the arrest of three suspected war criminals. They were Angelko Kolasinac,
the former Mayor, Vekoslav Simic the community doctor, and Stanislav Levic,
a mill worker. There was no resistance.
The OSCE Human Rights Division visited KFOR in Vitina/Viti (south of Gnjilane/Gjilan)
for an update on the situation in their area of responsibility. KFOR said
that the previous days had been quiet but concern was expressed about the
constant harassment aimed at the former Kosovo Serb Mayor. It was feared
that if he was forced to leave then many other Kosovo Serbs would leave
An OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan followed up the missing persons
cases (GN 39, 46 and 47) and received additional information about Kosovo
Albanians suspected to be involved in these cases. The OSCE team obtained
permission to give this information to KFOR CID.
A Kosovo Serb male was abducted in Veliki Kicic, Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice
municipality. Reportedly, one of the assailants wore a camouflage uniform
and carried an automatic weapon.
A Kosovo Serb male was killed and two others were injured while working
in fields in Banja, Srbica municipality (south west of Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice)
reportedly by assailants in UCK uniform.
A member of the UCK was taken into custody by KFOR in Djakovica/Gjakove.
He was accused of beating a woman. Other UCK members gathered in front
of the KFOR building demanding his immediate release.
Unknown persons set a shelter store on fire in the Serbian populated area
of Crkolez, Istok/Istog municipality. KFOR responded to the blaze and came
under gunfire. They returned the fire. No injuries were reported.
At 16:00 hours a Catholic Albanian male disappeared from Klina/Kline. Two
weeks prior to his disappearance, it was reported that UCK 'police' had
called him in for 'informative talks.' He was never seen again.
KFOR escorted 78 Kosovo Serbs from Gora/Dragashhi, Pec/Peje municipality,
to Kulina pass (border with Montenegro).
The third meeting of the UNMIK Prizren/Prizren Provisional Municipal Council
was held. The most important issue on the agenda was the formation of three
commissions. One committee would review income and expenditure; a second
would register socially owned property; a third was to examine appointments.
Each of the committees would consist of five members; one would be an international
from UNMIK, three would be UNMIK-nominated locals and one would be nominated
by the UCK.
KFOR Military Police reported that during the night 20th and
21st August an elderly Kosovo Serb couple aged 73 and 66 were
found shot dead in their flat in Prizren/Prizren. KFOR were called after
neighbours heard shooting. The perpetrators were unknown.
Two KFOR troops stayed overnight at the house of a 73-year-old Kosovo Serb
woman in Prizren/Prizren who had been harassed and was in poor health.
She expressed a firm wish to leave Kosovo and join her son's family elsewhere
in Serbia. UNHCR were arranging to transfer her.
ICRC said they would start family re-unifications outside of Kosovo shortly,
focusing on children, pensioners and the sick who cannot properly be treated
UNMIK opened a UNMIK Police office in Dragas/Dragash, Gora/Dragashi municipality
and also in Suva Reka/Suhareke (north east of Prizren/Prizren). UNMIK-led
round-table talks were due to start in the municipalities followed by the
establishment of the municipal councils.
An estimated 10,000 Kosovo Albanians attended a large demonstration in
Orahovac/Rrahovec against the planned KFOR deployment.
Two grenades were thrown into a Kosovo Serb house in Gnjilane/Gjilan. Nobody
was injured but damage was caused. Pieces of one grenade also damaged the
window of a Kosovo Albanian neighbour. One device failed to explode.
OSCE Human Rights Officers took statements and collected ante-mortem data
about three missing Kosovo Serb males, aged 20, 22 and 26 from Vrbovac,
Vitina/Viti municipality. The men were abducted in Dobrcane (north east
of Gnjilane/Gjilan) on 30th July. The victims had joined a Serb
convoy leaving Kosovo and were stopped at a roadblock.
ICTY produced a photo-log of clothes found at the mass grave near Pogradje,
Gnjilane/Gjilan municipality. The photographs were checked against ante-mortem
data and were to be shown to families of the missing Kosovo Serbs later
in the week.
In Pec/Peje municipality, unknown persons allegedly shot at a UCK member.
A peaceful demonstration of approximately 300 Kosovo Albanians was held
in Pec/Peje demanding the release of prisoners detained in Serbian prisons.
In Pec/Peje, Kosovo Albanians that had been illegally occupying the houses
and apartments previously owned by Kosovo Serbs were themselves forced
to leave by the UCK. Subsequently these apartments were offered to UCK
After rumours circulated amongst the Kosovo Serb population that KFOR was
not going to deploy to the Serbian village of Velika Hoca/Hoce e
Madhe near Orahovac/Rrahovec, it was proposed that the entire population
should leave in convoy. This proposal was rejected during a town meeting.
Kosovo Albanians formed a blockade around Orahovac/Rrahovec. A large part
of the population of the town turned out to create a barrier of vehicles
and people demonstrating against the deployment of KFOR. The blockade was
arranged and controlled by the 'blockade committee' composed of senior
members of the Kosovo Albanian community. All vehicles were stopped and
the occupants were questioned.
24 th August
The OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan received a complaint about
KFOR from the Kosovo Albanian owners of a house in Cernica (south of Gnjilane/Gjilan).
They alleged that the house had been searched twice by KFOR looking for
weapons. The owners claimed that KFOR had caused damage and that both searches
were conducted because of a tip-off by a Kosovo Serb. The allegations were
passed to KFOR.
An OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan received a report of confiscation
of property by KFOR in Gnjilane/Gjilan. A group of 70 Kosovo Albanian landowners
claimed that their land had been requisitioned without compensation in
spite of providing relevant ownership documentation to KFOR. The allegations
were passed to KFOR.
Tension remained high in Gnjilane/Gjilan and the minority communities were
still under intense pressure. Reports were received by the OSCE Human Rights
Division of a convoy of 40 Kosovo Serb vehicles leaving Gnjilane/Gjilan
for other parts of Serbia.
An OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan followed up a report of five
murders and a missing person (not recent incidents) in the village of Pones
(north west of Gnjilane/Gjilan). The missing person and one of the murders
had already been recorded. However, the other four murders, including the
killing of a 67-year-old Kosovo Serb shepherd in June had not previously
In Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice a meeting was held with representatives
of the Serb National Council (SNC), the OSCE, OHCHR, KFOR and UN Interim
Civil Administration in order to discuss aspects of the rule of law. The
SNC complained that the requirement that detainees, be brought before an
investigative judge within 72 hours, was not respected where Kosovo Serbs
suspected of illegal activities were concerned..
In Pristina/Prishtine, UNMIK Police officially took over policing duties
Around 23:00 hours three Roma were injured by gunshots in Stupelj, Klina/Kline
Some members of the Evangelical Church in Djakovica/Gjakove said they were
verbally and physically attacked and told to renounce their faith. Allegedly,
the perpetrators were members of the UCK.
24 th August to 1st September
OSCE Human Rights Officers followed up the remaining reports of three murders
in Pones (north west of Gnjilane/Gjilan). One of the murders was connected
with a another murder in Gnjilane/Gjilan and concerned a 61-year-old Kosovo
Serb who was killed in the same incident. The other two murders happened
on 13th June when two Kosovo Serbs, aged 71 and 40, were killed
while cutting grass in a field near Pones.
Pec/Peje OSCE Human Rights Officers reported that the population of the
municipalities of Djakovica/Gjakove and Klina/Kline were steadily increasing
while that of Decani/Decan municipality was declining.
At 02:00 hours unknown armed attackers robbed and terrorised some of the
Roma inhabitants of Netic, Djakovica/Gjakove municipality.
Six cases of arson were reported in Urosevac/Ferizaj municipality; three
against Kosovo Serb properties and three against Roma properties.
Unknown persons set a house and garage on fire in Istok/Istog town . There
were no injuries reported.
In Pec/Peje unknown persons set two houses on fire. No injuries were reported.
In Pec/Peje KFOR arrested three persons found looting a house.
A body, identity unknown, was found in Drsnik, Klina/Kline municipality.
OSCE Human Rights Officers reported that Roma had begun to take part in
the Kosovo Albanian blockade in Orahovac/Rrahovec. At about 14:00 hours
unidentified men abducted three Roma from the blockade. One was released
quickly. The other two were 'found' after a search by the UCK in the surrounding
countryside. All had been beaten and required hospital treatment. Prior
to the abductions, an OSCE staff member at the scene of the abductions
was lured away by the UCK on the pretext that someone urgently wanted to
talk to him.
The OSCE had problems negotiating the passage of four pregnant Kosovo Serb
women through the Orahovac/Rrahovec blockade. The Kosovo Albanian representative
of the blockade committee said that prior permission was required in case
any of the pregnant women were on the list of war criminals.
25 th August
An UCK member reportedlyinstructed a Kosovo Albanian woman to leave her
flat in Istok/Istog since it had been selected for an UCK couple. The UCK
perpetrator was known but could not be traced.
An OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan followed up a report of two
Kosovo Serb males (one aged 57 the other's date of birth was unknown) being
kidnapped on 24 th August near to Prilepnica/Perlepnice (north
The body of a female was found beside the Decani/Decane to Djakovica/Gjakove
road. Her identity was unknown.
In Istok/Istog, unknown persons in a Mercedes kidnapped a 16-year-old girl.
Two small coffee bars were set on fire in Djurakovac (east of Pec/Peje).
A KFOR patrol learned that there had been a conflict between the owners
over property rights.
Unknown persons in Kamenica set a house on fire.
A Kosovo Albanian male corpse was found in Gornji Dresnik (east of Pec/Peje).
The person was believed to have died at the beginning of August from a
gunshot wound to the back of the head.
A Roma family from Krusevo, Klina/Kline municipality, departed for Montenegro
due to intimidation.
UN Interim Civil Administration led a round-table meeting in Prizren/Prizren.
The question of the three Judges resigning over the issue of applicable
law was resolved and all the Judges would begin work at the Court. (The
internationally-organised committee of experts, including input from the
OSCE and Council of Europe, to review and draught legislation for Kosovo,
was instrumental in solving this problem at the local level). Other issues
discussed included the clearing of rubbish on the river banks in Prizren/Prizren
and the suggestion that the town might be twinned with Stamford, Connecticut.
Operations of the UNMIK Provisional Prizren/Prizren City Council had started
and the UN Interim Civil Administration was regularly visiting Malisevo,
Orahovac/Rrahovec, Dragas/Dragash and Suva Reka/Suhareke for discussions
on establishing future administrations in these municipalities.
The court proceedings started in the Prizren/Prizren District Court on
the case of two Kosovo Serbs accused of committing war crimes. The FRY
procedural code was being used in the cases because neither the Serbian
nor the Kosovo penal codes contained provisions regarding war crimes. The
hearings were conducted in Albanian and interpreted into Serbian. A defence
lawyer was appointed for them by the Court.
A Kosovo Serb woman was interviewed by OSCE Human Rights Officers in the
Prizren/Prizren Seminary where she had been taken after three men had reportedly
entered her home and attempted to strangle her with a telephone cord.
In Prizren/Prizren, a house was looted while the elderly Kosovo Serb owner
was with her neighbour. KFOR were called but the looting began again after
they left including all the furniture being taken away by truck. Stones
had regularly been thrown at the three Serb houses in the compound and
two of the houses had been shot at.
Six armed men entered the compound of a Kosovo Serb owned house in Prizren/Prizren.
KFOR was called and arrived in time to arrest two of them.
OSCE Human Rights Officers reported that Orahovac/Rrahovec remained tense.
Kosovo Albanians had erected six roadblocks on the main roads into the
town. In the Serb quarter of the town a demonstration of about 400 Kosovo
Serbs, led by children, called for the deployment of KFOR to protect them.
The Kosovo Serbs expressed serious concern over the KFOR arrest of alleged
In Orahovac/Rrahovec, another meeting was conducted by KFOR to discuss
the planned arrival of KFOR. Representatives were there from the Albanian
crisis committee and the Kosovo Serb community. No solid progress was made
although the Kosovo Serbs stated that they were prepared to accept joint
After the incident of the abduction of the three Roma in Orahovac/Rrahovec
on 24 th August (they were all recovered with the assistance
of the UCK), representatives from the Orahovac/Rrahovec crisis committee
agreed to meet the representatives from the Roma community to discuss the
situation. This provisional agreement was reached after intervention from
The spokesperson for the Kosovo Albanian crisis committee in Orahovac/Rrahovec
was dismissed after he accused an OSCE staff member on 24 th
August of being pro-Serb for raising the issue of Kosovo Serbs in Velika
Hoca/Hoce e Madhe.
A 75-year-old Kosovo Serb female was reportedly assaulted and ill-treated
by three Kosovo Albanians in her flat in Gnjilane/Gjilan. The victim was
badly beaten about her head and intended to leave Kosovo and go to another
part of Serbia for a medical check-up. She reported to OSCE Human Rights
Officers that Kosovo Albanians had threatened her twice before demanding
that she leave her flat.
Four Kosovo Serbs were wounded by gunfire in the area of Pones, Gnjilane/Gjilan
municipality. The incident happened when eight Serbs were returning from
their fields on a tractor and trailer. Two females were seriously injured
and hospitalised, and two males were lightly injured.
Parents of a Kosovo Serb who was recorded as missing person approached
an OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan. The parents asked for the
names of the bodies found in a nearby mass grave because they were convinced
that OSCE had knowledge about their identity. The OSCE Human Rights Officers
explained that the bodies had not yet been identified and urged them not
to spread rumours to the contrary.
A Kosovo Serb male was found dead near Zvecan (west of Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice).
He was reported missing on 24 th August.
The freedom of movement for seven Kosovo Serb civilians staying in a Serb
Orthodox Church in Djakovica/Gjakove) was limited. KFOR provided protection
on a permanent basis.
A mass grave was found in Starodvorane, Djakovica/Gjakove municipality.
Eight bodies had been located but more might be found.
A Kosovo Serb male was reported kidnapped in Pristina/Prishtine.
A Kosovo Serb male was detained and interrogated allegedly by UCK members
UN Interim Civil Administration chaired a meeting on political prisoners
and missing persons in Prizren/Prizren. Twenty Kosovo Albanian representatives
from the region, including many judges and human rights activists were
present along with representatives from the ICRC, UNHCHR, UNHCR and OSCE.
Some of the Kosovo Albanian delegation from Prizren/Prizren municipality
objected to the presence of the current Prosecutor who they hold responsible
for originally convicting many of the Albanian political prisoners. 12
of the 20 local participants then got up and walked out including the UCK
Deputy Commander and his entourage. The Prosecutor volunteered to leave
instead but this was rejected. Nevertheless he left as well.
Three Kosovo Serbs were injured in a shooting incident in the centre of
Gnjilane/Gjilan. KFOR reported that rounds of automatic fire were heard
near the police station. An unknown sniper fired at a KFOR soldier but
A blockade was organised by the Kosovo Serb inhabitants of Silovo (near
Gnjilane/Gjilan). In Gornji Kusce (north of Vitina/Viti) a demonstration
took place in relation to four Kosovo Serbs recently abducted.
A LDK leader was threatened in Gnjilane/Gjilan.
An OSCE Human Rights team followed up the report of a Kosovo Serb female
who claimed that her son left his house in Gnjilane/Gjilan to buy cigarettes
and was not seen again. The OSCE took all the details and filled in a ante-mortem
An OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan followed up an incident concerning
the reported assault of a 65-year-old Kosovo Serb female by two 18-year-old
Kosovo Albanians. The perpetrators broke the door and tried to enter the
victim's flat. The woman resisted but was overpowered and struck on her
forehead by the door. The victim believed the assault was an attempt to
compel her to leave the flat.
The UCK destroyed an illegal fuel station in Prizren/Prizren. The UN Provisional
City Council had declared that the fuel station should be closed, but the
UCK took unilateral action and destroyed the building without informing
UNMIK. When KFOR saw the UCK action they began arresting the UCK soldiers.
KFOR later released them.
An OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan reported that two Kosovo Albanian
males assaulted a 65-year-old Kosovo Serb female. 130 Kosovo Serbs returned
to Gora/Dragashi, Pec/Peje municipality, under KFOR military escort.
Kosovo Albanian families who occupied empty Kosovo Serb apartments in Djakovica/Gjakove
were threatened by the UCK and told to leave. The apartments were later
offered to UCK veterans.
A KFOR patrol caught 10 Kosovo Albanian males stealing furniture from a
store in Djakovica/Gjakove after intimidating and threatening the shop
In Bogosevac (near Prizren/Prizren), an elderly Kosovo Serb woman was severely
beaten and hospitalised. A group of Kosovo Albanian men attacked the village
where 17 Kosovo Serbs lived and looted their houses. KFOR arrived at the
scene and arrested five of the perpetrators.
In a shopping mall in Prizren/Prizren the UCK reportedly prevented Muslim
Slav shop owners from trading. The shops had been closed since 20th
August and the UCK continued to occupy the shops as well as office space.
The Muslim Slav shop owners said that they were afraid of pursuing the
issue and seeking assistance from the international community. A meeting
with the Commander of the former-UCK in Prizren/Prizren was planned as
well as a meeting with KFOR in order to resolve the matter.
The UCK-appointed 'mayor' of Malisevo, Orahovac/Rrahovec municipality,
reportedly threatened a 28-year-old Kosovo Albanian male who was an LDK
activist. However the person concerned seemed too afraid to give details.
The LDK Office in Malisevo, Orahovac/Rrahovec municipality, was vandalised.
The perpetrators were not identified. The local leader of LDK said that
the tension between the LDK and the local representatives of the self-styled
UCK-appointed government might account for the action.
A Kosovo Albanian in Rudice, Klina/Kline municipality, struck a Roma male
on the head. The victim later died from his injuries.
The UN Regional Administrator visited Gora/Dragashi, Pec/Peje municipality,
to invite the Kosovo Serbs to joint the Pec/Peje municipal authority.
OSCE Human Rights Officers were informed that Kosovo Serbs in Gora/Dragashi
harassed a Kosovo Albanian male who was going to nearby Pocesce.
The family of the former OSCE employee kidnapped in Orahovac/Rrahovec on
the 9th August, moved to Montenegro. They believed that there
was too much risk for a mixed family to stay in the Albanian quarter of
In Gnjilane/Gjilan, a former Serbian police commander was arrested for
a weapon violation.
KFOR reported that since the rescheduling of the curfew from 22:00 hours
to 20:30 hours, 16 curfew violations had been registered.
A 46-year-old Kosovo Albanian female was allegedly dismissed from her position
as senior nurse in the Gnjilane/Gjilan Hospital and replaced by a relative
of the hospital director on 29th June. The victim waited two
months before informing OSCE Human Rights Officers.
A 38-year-old Kosovo Albanian female, reported that she had not been able
to resume her job as the town planner in the Gnjilane/Gjilan municipality.
Allegedly two other candidates had been proposed by the LDK and LBD.
OSCE Human Rights Officers in Pec/Peje were informed that a Catholic Albanian
male was reportedly threatened in Vidanje, Klina/Kline municipality.
A land mine was found close to the location of three Roma families near
A Kosovo Serb male was murdered in Podujevo/Podujeve, north of Pristina/Prishtine.
September 1999 Daily Reports Chronology
According to KFOR, a Kosovo Serb UN staff member's accommodation was burned
in Gnjilane/Gjilan by unknown perpetrators..
KFOR reported that an increasing number of Kosovo Albanians living outside
Kosovo were being driven out of their houses by Serbian police in the Bujanovac
region (east of Gnjilane/Gjilan and outside the Kosovo boundary). Allegedly,
the Serbian police were occupying their accommodation for military purposes.
Reportedly, the Serb police denied these Kosovo Albanians entry into Kosovo.
OSCE Human Rights Officers reported that tension remained high in Ranilug
(south of Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica), where approximately 150 Kosovo Serbs
OSCE Human Rights Officers followed up the case of chief nurse being dismissed
from Gnjilane/Gjilan Hospital. KFOR had appointed a hospital administrator
who said the Kosovo Albanian hospital director had been removed from his
position and the victim would be reinstated to her former position in due
course. All other arbitrary appointments made by the former director were
to be investigated.
The OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan received a visit from two
Kosovo Albanian males regarding a claim for land they owned, that was requisitioned
for the development of a KFOR base Gnjilane/Gjilan. Additional documentation
had been found to support their claim. The OSCE advised the complainant
which person in KFOR the documentation should be passed to.
The OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan undertook a routine visit
to Cernica (south of Gnjilane/Gjilan) to assess the situation in the village
after a tense period. The Kosovo Serb community alleged that threats had
been made against a 65-year-old Kosovo Serb and they also requested information
on two members of the village that had been recently arrested by KFOR.
Four Roma were killed in Dubrava, Istok/Istog municipality between 21:15
hours and 22:15 hours. They were shot in their house and found by the neighbours.
The perpetrators were unknown.
At 21:00 hours three Kosovo Albanians reportedly robbed a Catholic Albanian
family and international NGO workers in Klina/Kline. The Catholic family
were accused of being Serb collaborators.
A Kosovo Serb was reported missing in Lipljan/Lipjan.
KFOR stopped the local Albanian humanitarian organisation, Mother Teresa
Society (MTS) from distributing aid in Obilic/Obiliq following MTS' failure
to distribute food to an elderly Kosovo Serb woman.
The Centre for Peace and Tolerance (CPT) in Pristina/Prishtine estimated
that approximately 10 Kosovo Serb families left Pristina/Prishtine per
day during the months of July and August and headed for other parts of
Serbia and Montenegro.
Threatening telephone calls were made to a Catholic Albanian male, in Budisavic,
Klina/Kline municipality. He was accused of collaboration because he had
worked for the Serbian authorities until June.
In Klina/Kline, Kosovo Albanians beat a Roma male on the head with a wooden
Nine newly sworn-in Judges began to work and took over 23 cases that had
been transferred to the District Court of Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice
from the District Court of Pristina/Prishtine.
Men claiming to be UCK 'police' reportedly harassed and beat members of
several Muslim Slav families in Prvi Tunnel, Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice.
Members of the UCK 'police' were in the process of interviewing one of
the suspected assailants when An OSCE Human Rights Officer visited the
scene. The man being questioned was released.
A Kosovo Serb male was killed and second was injured in an ambush on the
road from Banja (south west of Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice) to Zubin Potok/Zubin
Potok. A third passenger fled. The attackers were unknown. Following these
killings the tensions rose and 14 Kosovo Serb families planning to return
to the south of Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice immediately cancelled their
Three unknown persons threatened a Muslim Slav family in Djurakovac Istok/Istog
municipality. Allegedly the family was threatened with death if they did
not leave Kosovo/Kosova.
The new school year started and major confrontations occurred between Kosovo
Albanians and Kosovo Serbs in Lipljan/Lipjan and Plemetina where one person
A grenade was thrown onto the porch of a Kosovo Serb apartment in Lipljan/Lipjan
causing minor injuries to one person.
Responsibility for Kacanik/Kacanik (south of Pristina/Prishtine near the
border of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia), Strpce/Shterpce and
Urosevac/Ferizaj municipalities was transferred from the OSCE Pristina/Prishtine
Regional Centre to Gnjilane/Gjilan Regional Centre in accordance with the
regional divisional boundaries employed by KFOR.
The latest proposal for dealing with the Orahovac/Rrahovec situation was
to deploy UNMIK Police within the town and deploy the KFOR outside. The
response from the Kosovo Albanian community was negative.
Tension between the LDK and the UCK-appointed local government in Malisevo,
Orahovac/Rrahovec municipality, eased as the local UCK Commander assured
the LDK that a new office would be provided following the burning of the
old one. The task of ensuring protection for the LDK was not helped by
their stance of refusing to report any incidents to KFOR.
A Kosovo Albanian male visited his apartment on the northern side of Kosovska
Mitrovica/Mitrovice with a UNMIK Police escort. When he made the same visit
the following day the flat had been occupied overnight by a Kosovo Serb.
The return of Kosovo Albanians to Brdo in north Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice
was disrupted when a group of Kosovo Serb males set fire to their tents.
The UN Interim Civil Administration decided that the returns should continue
with additional security provided despite the objections of the Kosovo
Kosovo Serbs reportedly occupied six Kosovo Albanian apartments in north
A grenade attack against a Kosovo Serb home in Pristina/Prishtine resulted
in three Serbs being injured.
Three cases of arson against Kosovo Serb houses in Slovinje (Lipljan/Lipjan
municipality) were reported.
4 h September
Following information received by KFOR and passed to the OSCE, an OSCE
Human Rights team visited a warehouse in the village of Zegra/Zheger (south
of Gnjilane/Gjilan) where allegedly instances of sexual assault had taken
place during the conflict. At the scene, the OSCE Human Rights Officers
found items of clothing, used syringes and vials and containers of medication.
The enquiries continued.
Two Roma were escorted by KFOR from Klina/Kline to Montenegro. They left
due to alleged intimidation.
In Klina/Kline, a 65-year-old Roma male was reportedly intimidated by death
threats from a Kosovo Albanian male. The Roma had previously been the victim
of a shooting in Stupilj on 23rd August.
A case of arson against a Kosovo Serb was reported in Lipljan/Lipjan municipality.
A young Kosovo Albanian female was seen setting fire to the property.
A bomb explosion at the home of a Kosovo Serb family in Pristina/Prishtine
killed a young Kosovo Serb man and wounded eight neighbours.
An OSCE Human Rights team visited the house of Ramiz Idrizi in Zegra/Zheger
(near Gnjilane/Gjilan). He was one of the few villagers to remain there
during the war. He said that the VJ (Yugoslav army) stationed in the village
had been searching the houses in April looking for women. He was aware
of an instance of sexual assault involving the VJ and local women but said
that due to restrictions dictated by the Muslim tradition details would
never be made known.
The OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan followed up a missing person
report from the Gnjilane/Gjilan Church Board. A 45-year-old Kosovo Serb
male was last seen in Gnjilane/Gjilan on 12th July. A recent
photograph and other information was collected. The family of the missing
person left Kosovo/Kosova.
The newly sworn in Kosovo Serb Prosecutor of the District Court of Kosovska
Mitrovica/Mitrovice resigned without any explanation.
The Kosovo Albanian UCK-appointed authorities issued a letter of eviction
to a Kosovo Albanian who was occupying public property in Klina/Kline.
A grenade attack against a Kosovo Serb house was reported in Lipljan/Lipjan.
Three unidentified men and a woman allegedly threatened to kill a Montenegrin
family in Dobrusa, Istok/Istog municipality if they did not leave Kosovo.
A mortar attack in Dobrotin, Lipljan/Lipjan municipality, resulted in the
injury of a Kosovo Serb female. As a consequence of the attack local Kosovo
Serbs erected a barricade. Seven Kosovo Albanian motorists were dragged
from their vehicles, beaten with axe handles and had their vehicles set
on fire. Another three Kosovo Albanians were dragged to an unspecified
location, held for over two hours and beaten.
A Kosovo Albanian in a UCK uniform and carrying a side arm reportedly entered
Lipljan/Lipjan secondary school and ordered all Kosovo Serb children to
A Kosovo Albanian delegation to the Kosovo Polje/Fushe Kosove municipality
suspended relations with the Kosovo Serb delegation, as talks failed to
reach a solution regarding the issue of use of the school.
The OSCE Lipljan/Lipjan Field Office opened.
The OSCE Human Rights Office in Prizren/Prizren received a number of complaints
from parents who were not able to send their children to school as there
were no classes being taught in Serbian. Some reports were also received
concerning people who were being threatened and harassed for trying to
voice the need to start schooling for the Muslim pupils.
In Prizren/Prizren, more Muslim Slavs were noted to be calling themselves
Kosovo Albanians in order to avoid problems. This had become most apparent
through the education problem. The use of the term Bosniak as opposed to
Muslim Slav was also linked to this 'identity problem.'
The UN Provisional Municipal Council of Prizren/Prizren was working with
reduced membership due to the numbers boycotting the meetings. As a result
of the lack of co-operation from the previous 'mayor' and his 'deputy,'
the UN Regional Administrator asked all international organisations to
stop liaising with them.
The OSCE Human Rights team in Prizren/Prizren met the ICRC to discuss the
issue of Albanian prisoners detained in Serbian prisons. ICRC had conducted
an initial visit programme to identify who was being held. A meeting was
arranged by UNHCR in Drajcici, Zupa region (Prizren/Prizren) where OSCE,
UNICEF and ICMC were present. The village was mixed, half Muslim and half
Serb. The issues were the breakdown of communication and collaboration
between the two groups. The Muslim Slavs had begun to refer to themselves
as Albanians in order to avoid problems.
Roma women attempting to shop in Orahovac/Rrahovec were reportedly harassed
by Kosovo Albanians. All vehicles were still being stopped at the Kosovo
An OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan followed up information of
an armed attack against Kosovo Serbs on 6th September in Cernica,
Gnjilane/Gjilan municipality. There were no casualties. Several Kosovo
Serbs identified two attackers and reported their names to KFOR but KFOR
could not arrest people based solely on a verbal statement. Villagers were
afraid to send their children to school after this incident.
In Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice, the UN Interim Civil Administration pronounced
that schools would be ethnically mixed. Disputes arose over access to buildings
and facilities. The Kosovo Albanian community wanted access to what they
considered better and proportionately larger facilities in the north, whereas
the Kosovo Serbs considered that the Kosovo Albanian community had sufficient
school facilities in the south.
The Muslim Slav and the Turkish communities in Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice
were awaiting the approval of the UN Interim Civil Administration to open
mixed classes for their children in a Kosovo Albanian school in the south
of the town.
A Kosovo Albanian male from Ljubusa, Istok/Istog municipality, found the
decomposed body of a female Kosovo Albanian buried in his garden.
On 6th and 7th September at least two 82mm mortar
attacks occurred on Vitina/Viti. In the vicinity of Dobrocane (north east
of Gnjilane/Gjilan) two unexploded 82mm mortars were found at a mortar
One power line was destroyed and another damaged in another explosion in
the Strpce/Shterpce area.
A joint OSCE and UNHCR Report, 'The Second Assessment of the Situation
of Ethnic Minorities in Kosovo,' covering the period until 25 th
August, was published.
18 mortar rounds were fired at the Kosovo Serb village of Donja Budriga,
Gnjilane/Gjilan municipality, from a location south of Cernica. One 79-year-old
Kosovo Serb female (an IDP from Cernica) and one 66-year-old Kosovo Serb
male (an IDP from Zegra/Zheger) were killed. A 60-year-old Kosovo Serb
female, a 59-year-old Kosovo Serb male, a 58-year-old Kosovo Serb male
and a 31-year-old Kosovo Serb male were seriously wounded.
In the mixed village of Cernica occupants of a Grey Opel Omega without
number plates reportedly drove past a group of approximately 20 Kosovo
Serbs gathered around a shop and opened fire. No one was injured.
A Kosovo Albanian male was killed while travelling from Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice
to Leposavic (north of Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice).
The house of the local SDA (Muslim Slav political party) leader was set
on fire in Dobrusa, Istok/Istog municipality. The owner was abroad and
no one was injured.
Unidentified corpses were found south of Klina/Kline at the banks of the
Beli Drim River.
SRSG Kouchner appointed seven Judges and three Prosecutors to the Pec/Peje
A Muslim Slav (Gora/Dragashi) male was attacked by a crowd estimated to
be between 200 and 300 while walking down the main street in Pristina/Prishtine.
In Dragas/Dragash, Gora/Dragashi municipality, some Muslim Slavs were reportedly
being harassed by Kosovo Albanians including being threatened when trying
to sell their goods on market day. The Muslim Slavs did not feel safe going
to Dragas/Dragash. It was reported that four families had left the village
over the previous few days due to the security situation. Several complaints
were received that shops were being taken over by Kosovo Albanians leading
to the perception amongst some Muslim Slavs that the two communities could
not live together again.
In Dragas/Dragash, Gora/Dragashi municipality, the Muslim Slav teachers
received their April salary from the Serbian Ministry for Education. Kosovo
Albanians interpreted this as the Muslim Slavs' reward for serving Serbia.
The mixed primary school in Dragas/Dragash, Gora/Dragashi municipality,
began the new school year without any trouble.'
In Dragas/Dragash town a reburial ceremony took place for three UCK soldiers.
Approximately 2,000 people attended the ceremony many of whom were UCK
soldiers. Before the UCK arrived at the Cemetery KFOR gave the UCK information
leaflets explaining their future regarding the K+90 (19 September) demilitarisation
8th to 12th September
An OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan followed up the case concerning
the arrest of two Kosovo Serbs (a father and son, aged 44 and 16) by KFOR
in Cernica, (south of Gnjilane/Gjilan) on 26th August. Kosovo
Serbs prevented KFOR from carrying out a house search for stolen goods.
10 to 15 local Kosovo Albanians had accompanied the KFOR patrol. A 32-year-old
Kosovo Serb female eyewitness who had protested against the behaviour of
theKFOR soldiers, alleged that she was beaten by the soldiers. She was
now reported to be in hospital outside of Kosovo/Kosova. On 31st
August the two Serbs were released.
OSCE Human Rights Officers followed up information about the destruction
of property of a 25-year-old Kosovo Serb male in Cernica, Gnjilane/Gjilan
municipality. The victim had allegedly been threatened with a pistol and
told to leave Kosovo. The perpetrator was believed to be a Kosovo Albanian
Ten mortar rounds were fired from the Kosovo Albanian village of Dobrcane
(north east of Gnjilane/Gjilan) into the Kosovo Serb village of Ranilug.
KFOR responded immediately and found the mortar equipment at 22:05 hours
in a firing position in Dobrcane.
In Vitina/Viti a grenade was thrown in the yard of a Kosovo Serb home.
No casualties were reported.
In the Kosovo Serb village of Partes (near Gnjilane/Gjilan) a molotov cocktail
was thrown at a Kosovo Serb house. No injuries were reported.
In Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice, at a rally of the Serb National Council,
speakers called for a demonstration at the Kosovo Albanian resettlement
site at Brdo in north Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice.
Unidentified men attempted to kidnap three Muslim Slav males in Djurakovac,
Istok/Istog municipality. The victims, all members of the same family,
were released as KFOR approached the group. The perpetrators fled.
Kosovo Serb returnees living in Gora/Dragashhi, Pec/Peje municipality,
under KFOR military escort visited nearby villages to look at their properties.
Kosovo Albanian inhabitants alleged that some of the Serbs had been involved
in burning houses or killing Kosovo Albanians.
In Prizren/Prizren, six houses were burned during the afternoon of 8 September
suggesting the rate of house burning had increased.
OSCE Human Rights Officers received information that in Prizren/Prizren,
on 5th September, Kosovo Albanians beat an 80-year-old Kosovo
Serb in his apartment.
The OSCE Human Rights Department was informed that an elderly Serb couple
were severely beaten and threatened with death in Planjane (Prizren/Prizren
municipality) on 3rd September. The perpetrators reportedly
looted their house and ordered the couple to leave the village and never
come back. For a week, at nights, the couple took refuge in the nearby
A Muslim Slav who used to teach in one of the Zupa schools, Prizren/Prizren
municipality, was told in the UCK Headquarters in Prizren/Prizren that
the villagers did not want her to work in their school any more because
she taught in Bosnian. The Muslim Slav was allegedly told that it was not
safe for her to go to the village because she might be ambushed and killed
on her way there.
In the mixed Muslim Slav and Kosovo Serb village of Lohvica (near Prizren/Prizren)
six uninhabited Serbian houses were burned on 4th September.
The Orthodox Church was burned on the 5 h September. The remaining
five Kosovo Serbs lived in fear that their houses would be burned next.
The villagers asked for extra KFOR protection during the nights.
UNHCR organised a transfer of 188 Kosovo Serbs from Orahovac/Rrahovec to
other parts of Serbia. A UNHCR convoy of buses took 148 high-risk medical
cases and 40 dependants out of the town. KFOR investigated four men in
the convoy who were suspected of war crimes, but only one was detained.
In Prizren/Prizren there were four suspected war criminals in detention
Two abandoned Roma houses were set on fire in Dobrusa, Istok/Istog municipality.
After 9th September
The Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan reported that the situation in
the area remained tense. There were two major incidents. A 56-year-old
Kosovo Serb male and a 58-year-old Kosovo Serb female were shot and killed
on their tractor. They died of multiple gunshot wounds to the head and
body. The incident took place near Kmetovce (north east of Gnjilane/Gjilan)
at 13:00 hours. In the second incident a hand grenade was thrown into the
property of a Kosovo Serb in Gnjilane/Gjilan at 22:05 hours. No one was
injured but the property was damaged.
In Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice, a confrontation took place between a large
number of Kosovo Serb demonstrators and armed Kosovo Albanian returnees
in Brdo, north Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice (see 8 September). The confrontation
quickly spread into the centre of the town when a large group of Kosovo
Albanians amassed and crossed the river into the north. During the confrontation,
KFOR blocked entry into the north of town and prevented a bus load of Kosovo
Serb males from entering the town as reinforcements. Later, Kosovo Serbs
attacked the KFOR checkpoint. The UCK Zone Commander was allegedly seen
leaving the area of Brdo and entering the centre of town during the disturbances.
A demonstration organised by the Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice Serb National
Council was held calling on the Kosovo Serbs to rally on 13th
September against the imposition of mixed ethnicity schools in the region.
An unidentified male was found dead in his vehicle in Djakovica/Gjakove.
He had been shot. A suspect was arrested, taken into custody and transferred
OSCE Human Rights Officers investigated the killing of a Roma female in
Zahac (south east of Pec/Peje). According to locals the victim had lived
alone without any problem from the other villagers. The victim had received
periodic visits from KFOR.
OSCE Human Rights Officers in Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice reported an
apparently persistent campaign of menacing telephone calls against local
and international OSCE staff living in the northern part of Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice.
The source was believed to be Kosovo Albanian.
In Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice a violent confrontation occurred at the
bridge but ceased within an hour of an appeal by the UN Civil Administrator
to the Kosovo Albanian leadership.
In Orahovac/Rrahovec, men claiming to be from the UCK 'police' reportedly
visited Roma houses asking about weapons that the Roma were alleged to
have in their possession.
In Pristina/Prishtine, an elderly Kosovo Serb woman went missing. A Kosovo
Albanian male who had been trying to help the Serb woman sell her flat
was subjected to ill-treatment allegedly because he had assisted her.
12 h to 14th September
In Cernica (south of Gnjilane/Gjilan) at 20:30 hours an exchange of gunfire
took place between Kosovo Albanian and Kosovo Serb residents of the village.
Mortar and machine gun fire damaged five Kosovo Serbs houses.
Unknown persons killed a Catholic Albanian male in Djurakovac, Istok/Istog
municipality. Family members found the body.
The Muslim Slav community of Djurakovac, Istok/Istog municipality, said
they felt increasingly insecure in the area and some were considering leaving
There were a growing number of reports from members of the Roma community
in Istok/Istog municipality that they wished to leave Kosovo because they
felt increasingly insecure and feared attacks.
The Roma were moved from the school in Zvecan to an interim camp located
two kilometres from Zvecan (west of Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice). A more
permanent camp was under construction in Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice and
was expected to be completed by mid-November.
A Kosovo Serb was killed and another seriously injured when an unescorted
Kosovo Serb convoy travelling from Bujanovac (southern Serbia) to Kosovska
Kamenica/Kamenica was shot at returning to Kosovo.
Unidentified persons threatened an elderly Montenegrin woman in Djurakovac,
Istok/Istog municipality. She was told to leave Kosovo or else she would
UCK members allegedly beat a Kosovo Albanian at the UCK building in Vrela,
The UCK allegedly threatened to kill a Kosovo Albanian in Istok/Istog after
he had complained to KFOR about the UCK 'police.'
Seven Roma families had their haystacks set on fire in Krusevo, Klina/Kline
municipality during the night.
Five men in black uniforms reportedly threatened a Roma female and her
family in Krusevo, Klina/Kline municipality. Allegedly they were harassed
for staying in the village during the NATO air campaign.
Two female bodies (aged approximately 50 and 70) were found near the Zastava
vehilce factory in Pec/Peje. They had been shot. It was believed that they
were Muslim Slavs.
Two houses were burned in Pec/Peje.
An ICTY Officer visited the suspected gravesite near Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica.
During a comprehensive look at the area part of what appeared to be a human
jawbone was found. The bone was removed from the site by ICTY for forensic
KFOR in Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica told the OSCE that between 500 and 600
rounds of small arms fire was heard in the town over a two-hour period
starting at approximately 20:00 hours. The shooting came from an area of
cornfields located near to Serb houses. On the morning of 15 th
September Kosovo Serbs showed the OSCE bullet marks in the walls of their
houses. A short time after the firing ceased, a hand grenade was allegedly
thrown but no casualties were reported.
Two Kosovo Serb families, including six children, came back to Vitina/Viti
(south of Gnjilane/Gjilan) from outside Kosovo to try to re-integrate.
In Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice, approximately 200 womendemonstrated for
three consecutive days in front of the Court building before walking to
the prison. The women were mostly relatives of the detainees who were on
hunger striker in protest over the question of the applicable law in Kosovo.
The body of a 40-year-old Roma was found 500 metres behind the Djakovica/Gjakove
Hospital. The body had a single gun shot wound to the head.
KFOR closed the local self-styled UCK 'police station' in Klina/Kline.
An informal agreement between KFOR and the UCK 'police' that they should
not carry out police enforcement activities had been breached.
One house was burned in Pec/Peje.
A committee was established in Pec/Peje to deal with property disputes
over ownership or occupation.
An elderly Kosovo Serb man was reportedly stabbed in the back by a 17-year-old
Kosovo Albanian in Lipljan/Lipjan .
A 66-year-old Kosovo Serb male was shot dead and a 38-year-old Kosovo Serb
male was severely wounded in Gnjilane/Gjilan. Between 18:30 hours and 18:45
hours, three Kosovo Albanian females and one male allegedly entered the
Kosovo Serb's apartment.
The OSCE Human Rights team in Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica followed up the
report of a missing person in the town. The wife of the victim was staying
with friends but once located was able to provide information. Harassment
to other members of the family included the burning of a barn belonging
to the victim's sister. No perpetrators were caught but the family reported
to KFOR that they saw some children running away shortly after the fire
The OSCE Human Rights team in Vitina/Viti met with the Catholic Priest
of Letnica, a Croat enclave in Vitina/Viti municipality (south west of
Gnjilane/Gjilan). According to the Priest, the Croat community was decreasing
in numbers following incidents of threats and beatings by Kosovo Albanians.
Those who remained in the village were scared to leave and said that they
felt insecure despite a nearby KFOR presence. Many families have left for
In Vitina/Viti a Kosovo Serb was selling his property before leaving Kosovo.
He said that he was leaving because there was no secondary school in Vitina/Viti
for his children.
A Roma family left Klina/Kline due to alleged intimidation by persons claiming
to belong to the UCK. The family went to Montenegro with a UNHCR and KFOR
In Klina/Kline, a Kosovo Albanian male disappeared. His body was found
on the following day in Dolac. A post-mortem examination indicated that
he had been beaten, multiply stabbed, and shot at close range in the head
and chest. The victim had reportedly been 'invited' by the UCK 'police'
for questioning the day before he went missing.
A grenade attack on a cafe in the Kosovo Serb village of Caglavica, Pristina/Prishtine
municipality, injured five Kosovo Serbs, one seriously.
A grenade attack on a Kosovo Serb flat in Pristina/Prishtine was reported.
A grenade attack on a Kosovo Serb Orthodox Church in Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica,
municipality, was reported.
An OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan followed up an incident that
occurred on 15th September when a Kosovo Serb male was wounded
and another injured. The OSCE visited the premises of the victim and interviewed
his wife and wounded son. According to the son, four Kosovo Albanians knocked
at the main gate of the apartment block and told him that they were visiting
some friends. When the door was opened, they hit the son on the head with
a rifle butt. They then went into the apartment and shot the father in
his back and shoulder before shooting him twice in the face through a cushion.
This OSCE understood the victim to have been a Judge in Gnjilane/Gjilan
before the conflict.
An OSCE Human Rights team in Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica met with the Head
of the Red Cross for the town. They presented lists of killed, missing,
wounded and persons believed to be in Serbian prisons. The lists were compared
to those held by the Human Rights Department in Gnjilane/Gjilan and they
were also passed to the UNHCR and ICRC.
Mortar rounds were fired in the direction of Pasjane at 19:50 hours but
no damage was reported.
The OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan was informed by KFOR that
a vehicle was set on fire in the town centre.
An empty Kosovo Serb house was set on fire in Gnjilane/Gjilan at midday.
The OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan reported that a Kosovo Albanian
was approached by another Kosovo Albanian who threatened him and ordered
him to vacate his apartment. KFOR responded, arrested the perpetrator and
found weapons and hand grenades in his accommodation.
A Kosovo Albanian girl was shot at the school in Istok/Istog and was admitted
Shooting was heard near the Orthodox Church in Budisavci, Klina/Kline municipality.
Two houses were burned in Pec/Peje.
Ninety Serbs returned to Gora/Dragashi, Pec/Peje municipality, from Kraljevo
(outside of Kosovo) under KFOR escort. Some unidentified persons threw
stones at the convoy injuring three occupants of a bus.
A house burning was reported in Prizren/Prizren.
KFOR maintained a high profile in Prizren/Prizren with the approach of
19th September and the demilitarisation of the UCK. The region
was fairly calm and a planned UCK parade in Prizren/Prizren passed without
incident as did two UCK reburial ceremonies.
In Orahovac/Rrahovec, allegations were made by the Kosovo Albanian community
that armed Kosovo Serbs detained two citizens of Opterusa (east of Orahovac/Rrahovec)
on the road to the blockade.
A reported missing member of the LDK was found dead in a minefield in Lugi
Kec at the Kosovo and Albanian border. The body was found by UCK 127/128
Brigade. The UCK Commander alleged that the deceased had been tortured.
KFOR saw a Kosovo Serb male wearing VJ (Yugoslav Army) uniform stopping
a civilian vehicle at a checkpoint in the vicinity of Dobrcane, Gnjilane/Gjilan
municipality. KFOR also reported that two Kosovo Albanian males in UCK
uniform and carrying 'police' IDs responded to a road traffic accident
in the Gnjilane/Gjilan area.
KFOR reported confiscating three MUP (Serbian police) uniforms and an assault
rifle in Silovo (near Gnjilane/Gjilan).
KFOR said that an assembly area for the new Kosovo Protection Corp (TMK)
had been identified at the former chicken factory situated near Cernica
(south of Gnjilane/Gjilan). The TMK is suppose to act as a civilian emergency
service after the demilitarisation of the UCK.
A Muslim Slav male, from Radesa in Gora/Dragashi municipality, had his
horse stolen at the market. The victim had fled from Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice
to Dragas/Dragash and had lost his only belonging and source of income.
The horse was apparently seen in nearby Globocica. The perpetrators were
alleged to be Kosovo Albanians.
At 08:30 hours, some persons in civilian clothes claiming to be members
of the UCK tried to break into an apartment in Djakovica/Gjakove. They
reportedly tried to expel the Kosovo Albanian family. The apartment had
originally belonged to Kosovo Serbs.
Two houses were burned in Pec/Peje.
One house burned in Vitomirica, Pec/Peje municipality.
An OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan researched information given
by a Kosovo Serb concerning ill-treatment and threats to a Kosovo Serb
family of seven, including three children, by members of the UCK. The house
of the family was close to the UCK Headquarters. The Kosovo Serbs refused
to be officially interviewed because they were too frightened.
Kosovo Albanians reportedly beat a Muslim Slav woman in her apartment in
Pristina/Prishtine. Since the attack she has lived with relatives in Kosovska
At 04:00 hours, individuals dressed in black and known as members of the
UCK entered a restaurant in Djakovica/Gjakove to detain an individual.
The owner of the restaurant intervened and the men left but then started
shooting into the restaurant and threw a hand-grenade at the entrance.
A Kosovo Albanian male who attempted to raise a property issue, was beaten
up in Babaloc, Decani/Decan by members of the UCK. His vehicle wasconfiscated,
allegedly by the UCK, and reportedly sealed for further 'investigations.'
In Gnjilane/Gjilan a house was set on fire and gunfire was heard.
KFOR searched the former-UCK Headquarters in Gnjilane/Gjilan and found
gas masks, hand grenades and ammunition.
In Vitina/Viti at 08:30 hours a 62-year-old Kosovo Serb male was shot and
wounded in the chest by a young male adult who escaped. The victim was
flown to KFOR Camp Bondsteel base and returned to Vitina/Viti the same
day. KFOR CID and UNMIK Police went on the scene to investigate.
OSCE Human Rights Officers in Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice reported that
109 graves had been damaged at the Orthodox Cemetery in south Kosovska
In Pec/Peje, UCK demonstrations celebrating K+90 (UCK demilitarisation)
took place. Approximately 400 people participated.
A contingent of some 450 Roma left the temporary IDP camp in Obilic/Obiliq
with the intention of walking to the border of the former Yugoslav Republic
of Macedonia to protest about the poor conditions in the camp. Negotiations
between camp leaders and the UNHCR resulted in transport being provided
to the border. The Roma remained there for a week until the authorities
of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia agreed to admit them as refugees.
A grenade was thrown into the garden of a Kosovo Serb house in Lipljan/Lipjan
but no injuries were reported.
Two houses were burned in Bogesevac (near Prizren/Prizren) along with reports
of looting and one killing.
In Prizren/Prizren the UCK Zone Commander was formally discharged from
the UCK at a final dinner in the Theranda HotelThe new Regional Commander
of the TMK, due to be formed shortly, was presented.
With regard to the situation of the minorities in Orahovac/Rrahovec, positive
signs were evident: for example some Kosovo Serbs entered the town to buy
food. The Roma have also started to enter the town and the hospital since
the local UCK Commander visited the Roma community. One report of harassment
was received against a Roma but the number of incidents had fallen.
The UCK-appointed Kosovo Albanian 'mayor' of Orahovac/Rrahovec agreed to
receive a delegation of Roma representatives and said that he would try
to normalise relations between the Roma and Albanian communities. Specifically,
he agreed to discuss the problem of freedom of movement and access to the
Orahovac/Rrahovec Hospital for all Roma requiring medical care.
A set-back occurred when the President of LDK in Orahovac/Rrahovec resigned
his post as director of one of the two secondary schools in town. Someone
appointed by the 'mayor's' office was to replace him.
In Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica at 13:10 hours a bomb exploded in an apartment
in the Kosovo Serb quarter of the town. Nobody was killed or injured but
three flats were damaged.
In Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica a KFOR patrol found the body of an 82-year-old
Kosovo Serb female in the northern part of the town. She had been decapitated.
Her house was burned down.
KFOR reported that in Vitina/Viti at around 18:00 hours, four children
were killed and two were injured while playing with an explosive device
that detonated. One of the injured children was evacuated for medical care
but had died later. All the dead children were Kosovo Albanian boys, two
aged nine and two aged 12. KFOR investigated the accident and concluded
it was caused by a NATO device left from the air strikes and not related
to any Kosovo Serb activity. KFOR had been distributing leaflets that were
designed to raise the mine and bomb awareness of children.
Two houses were burned in Pec/Peje.
In Kacanik/Kacanik (south of Pristina/Prishtine near the border of the
former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia) ICTY exhumed 25 Kosovo Albanians
on 18th September and a further six on 20th September.
All except one had bullet wounds. On 21st September ICTY would
exhume a site of nine bodies located in Dubrava.
The Organising Committee of the Orahovac/Rrahovec Blockade started a shift
system at the blockade to ensure attendance 24 hours a day. 100 people
made up each shift.
In Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica the OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan
followed up the case of the explosion in the Serbian apartment. The 49-year-old
Kosovo Serb male had received threats from local Kosovo Albanians and three
days before the explosion his apartment was robbed. The night before the
incident, his windows had been broken and he had received a threatening
The OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan followed up the case of two
burned houses in Kolarci. An 82-year-old woman who could not move without
assistance was burned to death. OSCE took photographic records.
Kosovo Albanians published memorial pamphlets showing a picture of the
five children killed by an explosive device in Vitina/Viti (south of Gnjilane/Gjilan)
on 20 September (see above). The pamphlets included hate propaganda against
the Kosovo Serbs, despite confirmation by the international community that
this was an accident and that no Serbs were involved. KFOR raised the matter
with Vitina/Viti municipality representatives.
The bus transporting Kosovo Albanian staff to the Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice
Hospital in the north was reported to have been stoned by Kosovo Serbs
twice during the week.
In Djakovica/Gjakove, a former-UCK 'policeman' was arrested by KFOR for
issuing letters to villagers telling them to hand in their weapons to the
A 57-year-old Kosovo Albanian male was reported missing from Djakovica/Gjakove.
He did not return home after having a drink with a friend.
In Klina/Kline, a member of LDK complained to KFOR that they had received
warnings from the former-UCK to keep a low profile.
Two grenade attacks were reported in Lipljan/Lipjan. One landed on the
porch of a Kosovo Serb house but no injuries were reported.
A 79-year-old Kosovo Serb fled from his home in Prizren/Prizren when windows
and the front door were stoned. The victim said that he was afraid for
his security and asked for help to leave Kosovo.
The majority of the 850 Kosovo Serbs displaced from parts of Orahovac/Rrahovec
into the Serb quarter of the town expressed a wish to leave. UNHCR was
planning the imminent departure of 52 Serbs followed by a weekly schedule
of voluntary transfers.
A recent SRSG directive called on the Farmakost pharmaceutical company
in Prizren/Prizren to cease production following recommendations made by
the World Health Organisation (WHO). An independent German medical laboratory
were testing samples of Farmakost products. 50 demonstrators were observed
near the municipality building in Orahovac/Rrahovec displaying a placard
with 'Farmakost we are with you.'
Approximately 3,000 Kosovo Albanians paraded in to hear the UCK-appointed
'prime minister' of the provisional government and the Commander of the
former-UCK and Commander of the TMK, speak.
In Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice, the UN Civil Administrator directed that
the new market area along the north of the river established by Kosovo
Serbs be dismantled. The Kosovo Serbs reacted with demonstrations.
A house was burned near Pec/Peje.
A 49-year-old Muslim Slav couple were reportedly threatened in the couple's
house in Kovrage, Istok/Istog municipality. Two young armed persons, aged
approximately 17, went to the house and told the occupants to leave Kosovo/Kosova.
They allegedly searched the house for weapons. Kosovo Albanian neighbours
of the Muslim Slav couple convinced the perpetrators to leave. Thirteen
days later, the same house was 'visited' again by unknown men. The owners
were not at home that time.
An elderly Kosovo Serb couple were wounded and later died from the injuries
sustained in an explosion at their house in Lipljan/Lipjan. The Kosovo
Serb and Kosovo Albanian communities both erected roadblocks following
the incident but they were later dismantled. KFOR erected a checkpoint
on the road from Lipljan/Lipjan to Suvi Do in response to the Kosovo Serb's
fear of more attacks.
The area around Prizren/Prizren remained relatively calm but with isolated
incidents of crime reported by KFOR. Two house burnings over the previous
four-day period marked a reduction in that activity. Schools opened without
major problems being reported. The main source of tension continued to
be the UCK-appointed 'mayor' of Prizren/Prizren boycotting the meetings
of the UN's Provisional Municipal Council and the 'mayor's' continued occupation
of the main municipality building. Many local residents continued to go
to the municipality to register births, deaths and marriages despite UNMIK
being the only legitimate authority with the mandate to perform those functions.
Transformation of UCK into the Kosovo Protection Corps (KPC) continued.
An extension was allowed until the end of September for the registration
of personnel wishing to join the TMK. In the Prizren/Prizren area, 89 former
UCK members applied to join the TMKand 40 of these have undergone background
checks by the international community.
OSCE and UNHCR staff continued to try and identify potential leadership
amongst the Roma community in Prizren/Prizren. The UN Interim Civil Administration
welcomed the idea of a Roma representative sitting on the UN Provisional
Municipal Council and interviews and meetings were being conducted to find
a suitable nomination.
The OSCE were informed that in the Kosovo Serb villages of Bogosevac and
Zivinjane, Prizren/Prizren municipality, looters had piled up goods ready
to be taken away. Villagers complained that KFOR were not present. OSCE
informed KFOR who then visited the villages.
OSCE received information that three children (aged 7, 11 and 12) had disappeared
from a collective centre in Prizren/Prizren. ICMC were informed, followed
up the case and located the children. There was evidence that the children
had previously been abducted earlier in the month near Djakovica/Gjakove
but had escaped. OSCE raised this issue with the UN Interim Civil Administration
who proposed a meeting to establish the protocol for running collective
centres in light of the risk faced by children from the human 'trafficking'
industry operating out of Albania. The same concern was addressed over
the plight of vulnerable women. Anecdotal evidence indicated that gangs
operating in the west of Kosovo 'recruit' women under the pretext that
they would work as interpreters before smuggling them across the border
The Roma representative in Orahovac/Rrahovec said that he was encouraged
to hear that the UCK-appointed 'mayor' of Orahovac/Rrahovec had agreed
to meet him and four other Roma representatives.
An intoxicated Kosovo Albanian youth threw about 15 stones at a Roma house
in Orahovac/Rrahovec but no damage was reported. The incident was reported
The Kosovo Serb community in Orahovac/Rrahovec requested KFOR protection
for the exhumation and reburial of three Kosovo Serbs who had been found
on 27th June. The Serb community wanted to attempt to identify
KFOR patrols reported that Kosovo Serbs had been into Orahovac/Rrahovec
to buy food but the Serbs professed not to know anyone that had.
24 th September
The shuttle bus to the isolated Kosovo Serb community in Svinjare, Kosovska
Mitrovica/Mitrovice municipality, was stoned. The service was cancelled
until further notice.
Two unidentified bodies were found near Donij Petric Klina/Kline municipality
Two elderly Kosovo Serbs were stabbed and critically wounded in Kosovo
Polje/Fushe Kosove municipality .
Two house burnings were reported in Prizren/Prizren.
KFOR agreed to provide additional security assurances to Zivinjane and
Bogosevac in Prizren/Prizren municipality. This followed the recent killing
of a 96-year-old Kosovo Serb male and reports of rampant looting in the
OSCE Human Rights Officers and a UNHCR Protection Officer met with Roma
representatives in the Prizren/Prizren area to discuss the selection of
a Roma candidate for the UNMIK-led Municipal Council.
The International Catholic Migration Council (ICMC) contacted the OSCE
stating that a representative of the Roma community in Velika Krusa (north
of Prizren/Prizren) had requested help to organise a reconciliation meeting.
The Roma wanted to meet the Kosovo Albanian residents of the town in order
to secure a safe return for Roma to Velika Krusa.
OSCE and ICMC from Prizren/Prizren met with a Roma family. The family of
14 members said that they had left Dusanova (Prizren/Prizren) in June,
allegedly after Serbian military forces had set their house on fire. The
family said that they returned to the village on 10th July but
10 days later they were forced to leave again due to harassment and death
threats from Kosovo Albanians. One of the sons was allegedly severely beaten.
The Kosovo Albanians said that the Roma family had been collaborating with
Serbian security forces.
KFOR said that two Croat males from Letnica, Vitina/Viti municipality,
claimed to have been terrorised by two Kosovo Albanian males. Croats from
Letnica had complained several times over the previous month that Kosovo
Albanians searching for documents and asking for guns had harassed them.
KFOR Military Police apprehended two Kosovo Albanians in possession of
a pistol but had not confirmed that they were involved in the alleged harassment
OSCE Human Rights Officers followed up the case in Vrbica (near Gnjilane/Gjilan)
of two murdered Kosovo Serbs, a 65-year-old father and a 42-year-old son
on 22 September. In June six Kosovo Serb families, including the father
and son, had left the village and gone to nearby Silovo after the males
were beaten and their houses were burned. A Kosovo Albanian had recovered
some of their property and asked the Serbs to return and collect it. The
father and son had wanted KFOR protection to return to the Vrbica but had
returned to the village without it. They were attacked and shot dead. One
victim had three bullets in the head, the other 20 bullets in the body.
A 37-year-old Kosovo Serb male was killed and three other Serbs were wounded,
including two women, in a shooting incident north of Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica.
KFOR responded and evacuated the injured by helicopter to a KFOR Hospital.
The dead and injured had been among 14 Kosovo Serbs travelling on a tractor
and trailer. KFOR CID had found 23 empty cartridge cases near the ambush
An OSCE Human Rights team reported that a 35-year-old Kosovo Albanian female
had been assaulted in Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica allegedly by two men who
spoke Serbian. She had received injuries to her arms and chest and was
taken to Gnjilane/Gjilan Hospital.
The Kosovo Albanian family members of a missing person went to the OSCE
Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica Field Office. They said that they had arranged
with ICTY to open a gravesite that allegedly contained the body of the
missing person. The family was pressing for KFOR CID to interview a Kosovo
Serb ex-police officer (MUP) allegedly involved in the case.
At 20:05 hours a 40-year-old Kosovo Serb female was injured in the face,
left arm and left leg when a grenade exploded at an apartment block in
central Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica.
A Roma family left Bica, Klina/Kline municipality, following alleged threats
and intimidation from a Kosovo Albanian gang.
A Kosovo Albanian male from Crnce, Istok/Istog municipality was arrested
and detained by people wearing former UCK uniforms at the former-UCK 'police'
station in Vrelo, Istok/Istog municipality. The former UCK 'police' had
said that they were looking for his brother. He was questioned and beaten
severely. The 'policeman' released him after two hours. He filed a complaint
with the KFOR Military Police and the UNMIK Police in Istok/Istog.
Six Roma families consisting of 54 persons left Bica following threats
and intimidation from Kosovo Albanians. The Roma had previously been hired
to destroy Kosovo Serb property in the village. Allegedly on departure
the Kosovo Albanians who had previously hired them threatened them with
automatic weapons and stated that they now deserved the same treatment
that they had exercised towards the Kosovo Serbs. One of the families re-located
in Mahala Bista near Pec/Peje. The other five left for Montenegro.
Unknown Kosovo Albanian males reportedly threatened three locally employed
United Nations security guards in Klina/Kline.
An elderly Kosovo Serb man was murdered and his house set on fire in Slovinje
(Lipljan/Lipjan municipality) by a 15-year-old Kosovo Albanian girl.
As the UNHCR prepared to take Serb IDPs out from Orahovac/Rrahovec, two
KFOR helicopters circled over the town dropping leaflets. The leaflets
stated that the Russians would work for all groups in society without discrimination.
The Kosovo Albanians did not like this gesture.
At around 14:30 hours, KFOR arrested four suspected Kosovo Serb war criminals
in a UNCHR convoy of 57 people leaving Kosovo. They were transferred to
a KFOR base in Prizren/Prizren. ICTY expressed their interest in the arrests
as the alleged perpetrators may have been linked to some of the more significant
cases that ICTY had has investigated.
OSCE Human Rights Officers in Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice reported the
assault of a Muslim Slav woman by a Kosovo Serb female.
Shooting was heard near the houses of Roma families in Stupelj, Klina/Kline
The Orthodox Church in Klina/Kline was blown up for the second time.
Two houses burned in Pec/Peje
A Serb truck driver travelling to Serbia was injured in a drive-by shooting
An explosion of an improvised device injured three Kosovo Serbs in Gracanica
(east of Pristina/Prishtine).
A 19-year-old Kosovo Albanian male was allegedly shot at in the area of
Boljetin, Zvecan municipality. Further investigations were conducted by
UNMIK Police in order to clarify whether the incident was the result of
an accidental misuse of a weapon or of an act of harassment by the Kosovo
Serbs as the victim claimed.
The train that serves the Kosovo Serb communities in Leposavic (north of
Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice) and Kosovo Polje/Fushe Kosove was derailed
for the second time in seven days while passing through the Kosovo Albanian
area of Vucitrn/Vushtrri.
At 20:00 hours, a Kosovo Albanian, male was shot in front of his shop in
Djakovica/Gjakove. The victim had allegedly collaborated with the Kosovo
Serb authorities which might have been the motive for the killing.
At 21:00 a Kosovo Albanian was shot and killed by another Kosovo Albanian
in front of the state-owned warehouse in the centre of Pec/Peje.
Three displaced families living on the premises of an abandoned kindergarten
in Istok/Istog under KFOR protection were told by uniformed provisional
TMK 'police' officers to leave. Mercy Corps International was trying to
find alternative shelter for the families.
A Kosovo Serb male was shot and injured while walking through the village
of Ugljare, south of Kosovo Polje/Fushe.
Two elderly Kosovo Serbs were stabbed in Bresje, Kosovo Polje/Fushe Kosove
A Kosovo Serb restaurant in Kosovo Polje/Fushe Kosove was set on fire.
This provoked local Kosovo Serbs to improvise a roadblock from old tires
but the blockade was removed after several hours.
In Orahovac/Rrahovec, a demonstration was organised by the Kosovo Albanian
blockade committee as a reaction against the leaflet dropping from the
KFOR helicopters on 24th September (see above). Several thousand
Kosovo Albanians gathered in the centre of town to listen to five speakers.
A message was then sent by the demonstrators to the NATO Secretary General.
All the shops in town were closed.
OSCE Human Rights Officers met with the Kosovo Albanian School Director
in Velika Krusa, Orahovac/Rrahovec municipality to discuss the possible
return of members of the Roma community. The Director said that he welcomed
the OSCE's reconciliation efforts and agreed to met Roma representatives
on 2 October. The OSCE and ICMC would facilitate the discussions.
The new UN Civilian Administrator in Orahovac/Rrahovec met the Roma Community.
The Administrator expressed his intention to begin round-table talks in
order to form a new town council. The Roma provided a few names of those
willing to participate. The Roma in Orahovac/Rrahovec then said that during
the conflict the Kosovo Serbs had forced them to work. The Roma had been
divided in three groups; one for cleaning the city; a second were sent
to the villages to take care of dead animals; and a third group had been
made to bury human bodies. The Roma then made a formal statement saying
that if they were not able to return to a normal life then they wanted
to go to another country and not to Montenegro or another part of Serbia.
KFOR said that the children in the Kosovo Serb quarter of Orahovac/Rrahovec
were attending school. KFOR and a German organisation had arranged a suitable
building and the Kosovo Serb community provided the teachers.
The leader of LDK in Zegra/Zheger and some of the Zegra/Zheger school staff
said that some pregnant Kosovo Albanian women from the village who had
to travel to Gnjilane/Gjilan frequently were fearful of going through the
Kosovo Serb village of Donja Budriga. They wanted the OSCE to transmit
their concern to KFOR in Gnjilane/Gjilan and sought a KFOR presence in
the Serb village.
The OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan met the Director of the School
at Zegra/Zheger who complained that the Acting Director of the School at
Haxa threatened him after he had commented about a mistake in the Haxa
School logbook. The complainant was a member of the LDK and the alleged
perpetrator a UCK appointee. The Head of Education in Gnjilane/Gjilan (Board
of Interim Administration) went to Zegra/Zheger and Haxa to hear both versions
of the incident. The leader of LDK in Zegra/Zheger described the incident
as an administrative quarrel between school directors and not related to
their political party membership.
An OSCE Human Rights Officer visited Cernica (south of Gnjilane/Gjilan)
and was informed by Kosovo Serbs that between 24th and 26th
September there were three attacks against Serb-owned houses. They claimed
that a total of nine grenades had been thrown. Property was damaged but
no injuries were sustained. The OSCE visited all of the damaged houses
and interviewed their owners. Two unexploded grenades were still left in
the yards of victim's houses awaiting KFOR destruction.
An OSCE Human Rights team together with the ICTY and a KFOR demining team
searched a reported mass gravesite in the Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica area.
The family of one of the persons believed to be in the grave provided manpower
and a mechanical digger for excavation. A skull, small parts of bones and
some clothing were found but no evidence of a mass grave. ICTY were interested
in taking statements from witnesses to incidents related to this case.
The body of a 67-year-old Kosovo Serb male who had been reported missing
since 23rd July was found in the vicinity of Klokot, Vitina/Viti
municipality (south west of Gnjilane/Gjilan). The OSCE Human Rights team
interviewed the victim's son who stated that four villagers had found his
father's body beside the river, about 250 metres from the last place his
father had been seen. The cause of his death could not be established.
A Kosovo Serb man was shot in the stomach and later died from his injuries
after a drive-by attack in Ugljare, Kosovo Polje/Fushe Kosove municipality
(west of Pristina/Prishtine).
In Klina/Klinevac, Klina/Kline municipality, three masked Albanian-speaking
males, claiming to be members of the 'police' of the former-UCK,allegedly
attempted to sexually assault the 17-year-old daughter of a Roma family.
The household was robbed.
At 03:00 hours in Djakovica/Gjakove men, presenting themselves as members
of the 'police' of the former-UCK, attempted to gain entry to an apartment
inhabited by a Kosovo Albanian male. They left after they were denied access.
A 38-year-old Catholic Albanian male from Pec/Peje was killed. According
to a Catholic Priest in Pec/Peje, the victim collaborated with the Serbs
during the conflict, was mentally unstable, had a drinking problem and
A Muslim Slav family from Vitomirica, Pec/Peje municipality was allegedly
intimidated by a Kosovo Albanian male who claimed to be a member of the
former-UCK. He was carrying a gun and looking for the family's son. He
shot 10 times at the ground inside the yard and took some of the family's
Three UNMIK security guards in Klina/Kline were threatened by five unknown
Kosovo Albanian males. The men approached the guards at 21:45 hours threatening
and insulting them. At 21:52 hours the group returned, insulted the guards
again and tryied to kick one of them. The group disappeared when other
A house was burned in Kosovo Polje/Fushe Kosove. Screams from the Kosovo
Albanian caretaker were heard by neighbours.
The burning of a restaurant owned by a Kosovo Serb in Kosovo Polje/Fushe
Kosove resulted in local civilians erecting a roadblock, which KFOR removed
later in the day.
In the Zupa area, Prizren/Prizren, looting continued in Bogosevac and Musnikovo.
Seven Kosovo Albanians claiming to have KFOR authorisation went to Bogosevac
and loaded refrigerators, boilers and water meters on a truck. On 29th
September another group of looters came to the village saying that they
were acting on behalf of KFOR. They said that KFOR had declared the villager's
bees and honey to be contaminated and that they must be confiscated. The
looters then took 80 active beehives. In Musnikovo, the looters reportedly
visited the vacated Kosovo Serb houses every day. When villagers caught
one of the perpetrators they threatened to call KFOR. The perpetrator reportedly
said to the villagers, 'Go ahead and call them. KFOR is here for us. They
are on the side of the Albanians and they will let me go.'
A KFOR armoured personnel carrier attempted to drive from Malisevo to Orahovac/Rrahovec
but was forced to stop at the blockade. Kosovo Albanians reinforced the
roadblock shortly after. A peaceful demonstration of 300 to 400 Kosovo
Albanians protested against the deployment of RussianKFOR in Orahovac/Rrahovec.
The Kosovo Serb population in Prizren/Prizren complained to the OSCE that
they did not receive their share of food or medical supplies distributed
in the area by NGOs.
The OSCE received reports about LDK activists being harassed and ill-treated
by members of the former-UCK in Suva Reka/Suhareke.
OSCE Human Rights Officers met the Kosovo Albanian teachers in the ethnically
mixed school of Mogila, Vitina/Viti municipality. Kosovo Serb and Kosovo
Albanian pupils had attended classes in separate morning and afternoon
'ethnic shifts,' rotating the sequence every three weeks. KFOR was supervising
this arrangement and also guarding the school. Kosovo Albanian teachers
complained that they had been victims of past human rights violations by
their exclusion from schools where they used to work 10 years ago. They
cited the nearby Kosovo Serb village of Vrbovac where now there were only
Kosovo Serb teachers at the school.
OSCE Human Rights Officers from Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica followed up
the report of an assault against a Kosovo Serb at a fuel station near the
town. Allegedly four Kosovo Albanians in a Swiss-registered, black Alfa
Romeo, stopped at the fuel station. One of them allegedly put a gun to
the head of the Kosovo Serb and tried to force him into the Alfa Romeo.
The Serb escaped and ran away.
KFOR provided an escort for the funeral of a Kosovo Serb whose body was
discovered on 27th September in Klokot, Vitina/Viti municipality.
An OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan took anti-mortem data from
the families of two Kosovo Albanians missing since 26th March.
No records were previously held by OSCE on these two cases.
Two members of the former-UCK were arrested by KFOR while they were looting
a house in Djakovica/Gjakove. They were released when the owners of the
house withdrew the charge.
Two Kosovo Serbs were killed and 40 injured when two grenades exploded
in the Kosovo Serb marketplace in Bresje, Kosovo Polje/Fushe Kosove municipality
. Angry Kosovo Serb villagers erected a series of roadblocks which remained
in place for two days. A rapprochement meeting, scheduled between Kosovo
Serb and Kosovo Albanian leaders, was cancelled as a result of this incident.
Two Kosovo Serb male schoolteachers were allegedly kidnapped in Urosevac/Ferizaj.
The two victims, a 40-year-old and a 21-year-old, were among four Kosovo
Serbs escorted from Strpce/Shterpce to Urosevac/Ferizaj by KFOR. The victims
separated from the others to attend a meeting with the Director, Assistant
Director and School Secretary at the Pjetar Bogdan School in Urosevac/Ferizaj.
With the agreement of the victims KFOR left them at the meeting without
protection. The victims went missing between 13:00 hours and 14:00 hours.
KFOR CID detained the Director, Assistant Director and School Secretary.
A Kosovo Serb male living in Silovo reported that he was assaulted and
severely beaten by three young Kosovo Albanian males. He was escorted by
KFOR to Dobrcane from where his family took him out of the province to
Vranje Hospital. He returned to Kosovo later in the day. He had bruises
on his body, arms and legs and three stitches to a head wound.
The Orthodox Church Board in Gnjilane/Gjilan reported that from 30 September
to 8 October six hand grenades were thrown at Kosovo Serb houses in Gnjilane/Gjilan.
During the same period 10 cases of looting of Kosovo Serb houses, apartments
and shops were reported. In one case, the value of looted belongings was
estimated at 15,000 German Marks. In two other cases the alleged perpetrators
were Kosovo Albanian neighbours. According to the Church Board, a Kosovo
Serb was beaten with a stick by five Kosovo Albanians in Gnjilane/Gjilan
in order to force him to hand over his money.
A grenade attack took place at a Kosovo Serb house in Gnjilane/Gjilan.
Windows were damaged and the main electricity was cut off as a result of
the attack. KFOR was at the scene to start investigations within ten minutes
of the incident. No one was injured. The house owners reported that they
had not been threatened before.
The Kosovo Albanian staff and patients of the Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice
Hospital withdrew to the south of the town following a series of incidents
and demonstrations during which their access to the Hospital was blocked
by Kosovo Serbs.
In a press release, the UN Regional Administrator of the Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice
district accused one of the Kosovo Serb leaders of promoting the idea of
a divided town and for being responsible for the failure of negotiations
relating to a mixed hospital.
A mortar attack occurred on the house of a 58-year-old Muslim Slav in Dobrusa,
Istok/Istog municipality. The mortar detonated in front of the house. No
injury was reported.
Roadblocks were set up in Strpce/Shterpce municipality in Gotovusa, Jazince,
and Strpce/Shterpce. The first roadblock appeared in Gotovusa at around
09:00 hours, manned by 150 to 200 Kosovo Serbs. Only KFOR vehicles were
allowed to enter the area. At 11:00 hours, a roadblock was set up outside
the KFOR Headquarters in Strpce/Shterpce, again manned by around 200 Kosovo
Serbs. At 12:00 hours, the road to Jazince was also blocked.
In Jazince, Strpce/Shterpce municipality, two NGO workers of the Czech
NGO 'People in Need' were surrounded in their cars. One was pulled from
his car and beaten, with the crowd accusing him of running over three children
and being affiliated with the provisional TMK. His vehicle was destroyed.
The second aid worker managed became trapped by the crowd, was surrounded
and badly beaten before escaping. The two remained trapped in the village
under the protection of KFOR until 13:30 hours.
As a result of a Kosovo Serb roadblock in Kosovo Polje/Fushe, local Kosovo
Albanians erected their own.
End of September
A 50-year-old Kosovo Serb male was killed and a 60-year-old Kosovo Serb
was reportedly injured by three Kosovo Albanians in Drobes, Vitina/Viti
municipality. The victims were harvesting without a KFOR escort when they
were attacked. The injured man escaped with neck injuries after the perpetrators
tried to cut his throat. KFOR provided medical treatment and evacuated
In Gnjilane/Gjilan two hand grenades were thrown into a house owned by
a Kosovo Serb. Windows were broken and some electrical equipment was damaged.
A hand grenade was thrown at a shop owned by a Kosovo Serb in Gnjilane/Gjilan.
The windows were broken and the shop was looted.
Two Muslim Slavs reported that 10 people had shot at Muslim Slav families
in Vitomirica (north east of Pec/Peje). No injuries were reported.
KFOR in Istok/Istog released a suspect because of the lack of evidence
in the case of the killing of a 27-year-old Kosovo Serb male from Banja
near Srbica on 1 September. A house search had revealed no evidence other
than the discovery of many anti-Serb pamphlets and information about crimes
committed during the conflict. KFOR was still looking for a second suspect
in the case of this killing.
An 80-year-old male and 77-year-old Kosovo Serb couple were murdered in
their Prizren/Prizren apartment. The couple were found dead with several
gunshot wounds to their heads. Nothing was removed from the apartment.
They had received daily protection visits from KFOR because the elderly
man was a contact person for the other Kosovo Serb families who remained
in Prizren/Prizren and he made a lot of requests to the OSCE, UNHCR and
NGOs on their behalf. The murder caused a wave of shock among the remaining
Kosovo Serbs and the other minority communities in the area.
Two elderly Kosovo Serbs died of multiple gunshot wounds at their home
The Muslim Slav (Gora/Dragashi) community representatives in Prizren/Prizren
claimed a lack of adequate attention and protection received from the international
community. A recent delegation of Muslim Slavs to Belgrade allegedly informed
authorities there that they were not receiving adequate protection from
'Albanian terrorists.' The main concern of the Muslim Slavs was related
to the use of the Serbian language. They wished their children to be taught
Serbian in schools but were also concerned about the related problems of
communication with authorities if the only language used was to be Albanian.
Serbian language teachers would loose their jobs and students wishing to
study in Pristina/Prishtine would not be able to if the teaching was only
in Albanian. The Muslim Slavs believed that the result would be more of
their community leaving the area. Anyone leaving would not be able to return
because there was no work and Kosovo Albanians were occupying their houses.
In Dragas/Dragash, Gora/Dragashi municipality, the Muslim Slavs expressed
fear of the 'police'of the former UCK. Many were still afraid to go to
Dragas/Dragash because earlier in September Kosovo Albanians had reportedly
beaten some of the Muslim Slavs.
OSCE Human Rights Officers met the UCK-appointed 'mayor' of Dragas/Dragash
and informed him of the intention to open an OSCE Field Office. With regard
to the Muslim Slav concerns about the language the 'mayor' said that the
elementary, secondary and high school taught in both languages. He said
that nobody was forced to learn Albanian but there was a choice of studying
it for four hours a week. Concerning Pristina/Prishtine University, the
'mayor' said that only students who spoke Albanian should be admitted and
those that did not could study in Bosnia and Hercegovina.
OSCE Human Rights Officers discovered that 71 children from the Roma community
in the Kosovo Serb quarter of Orahovac/Rrahovec were not going to school.
The OSCE, in co-operation with the UN Interim Civil Administration met
the UCK-appointed local municipal director of education. He agreed to meet
with Roma parents to explain how the municipality would ensure the security
of the Roma children while in school. KFOR and UNMIK Police would be stationed
on the road to the school. UNHCR undertook to organise NGOs to work with
the teachers and the children. The OSCE then met with Roma representatives
along with the UN Interim Civil Administration and KFOR. The Roma said
that adults needed freedom of movement before they would send their children
to school because they wanted to escort them.
A local Mother Theresa Society representative in Orahovac/Rrahovec expressed
concern about reports from members of his organisation that international
NGOs were not helping the Mother Theresa Society (MTS). The OSCE agreed
to help find an NGO that could provide money to help MTS establish an office
and provide computer equipment.
OSCE Human Rights Officers interviewed an eyewitness to the massacre of
nine members of the Berisha family murdered on 26th March in
Suva Reka/Suhareke by known Serbian perpetrators. Approximately 50 members
of the extended Berisha family, including women and children, were killed
in Suva Reka/Suhareke on the same day but not all the bodies had been found.
Of the 50, 14 were members of one Berisha household that included Bujar
Berisha, a local staff member of the OSCE-KVM,. His wife and children were
also killed. The reburial of six members of the family took place on 27
September in Suva Reka/Suhareke. An estimated 5,000 people attended the
funeral including representatives from the OSCE.
An OSCE Human Rights team working in the Urosevac/Ferizaj area took statements
from two Kosovo Serb females, an 89-year-old and a 65-year-old in Gatnje,
Urosevac/Ferizaj municipality. Both
had medical problems and complained
about the lack of access to medical care. The women lived in a predominantly
Kosovo Albanian village and expressed concern over their security. They
claimed that they were harassed and ill-treated and their house was partially
burned on 27 September.
October 1999 Daily Reports Chronology
Due to the continued tension in the Kosovo Polje/Fushe Kosove municipality
both KFOR and UNMIK Police sent extra patrols to the area. Additional UN
Interim Civil Administration staff were appointed to the municipality including
a special representative for minority interests.
UNHCR estimated that there were only 300 to 400 Kosovo Serbs left in Pristina/Prishtine.
Centre for Peace and Tolerance (CPT) agreed with this estimate.
The OSCE Human Rights team in Leposavic (north of Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice)
continued efforts to obtain access to a school for the children of the
A group of Kosovo Serbs who remained in the predominantly Muslim Slav village
of Planjane reported to the OSCE Human Rights team in Prizren/Prizren that
in September young Kosovo Albanian males had beaten some of them.
The Municipal Board of the LDK from Istok/Istog municipality complained
about harassment and bad relations with the representatives of the former
UCK in the local government. A representative of the LDK on the self styled
local council alleged that he was told to resign from the LDK by unidentified
An OSCE Human Rights team enquiring into the circumstances of the death
of a 42-year-old Kosovo Albanian restaurant owner in Pec/Peje on 26 August
revealed that his Muslim Slav girlfriend was abducted the following day.
She had not been seen since.
An OSCE Human Rights team investigated allegations that children of some
LDK members were not allowed to attend Istok/Istog School.
Persistent problems of people being dismissed from their work places in
Prizren/Prizren were reported. Incidents involving professional staff such
as nurses and teachers being the most common.
The OSCE Human Rights team in Prizren/Prizren followed up on an incident
in which three masked men reportedly beat an 47-year-old LDK and MTS male
activist in Malisevo, Orahovac/Rrahovec municipality on 15th
September. They reported antagonism evident between MTS and the UCK-appointed
authorities in the area who allegedly want to take over MTS aid distribution
The owner of the village shop in Musnikovo, Zupa area, Prizren/Prizren
municipality, was allegedly told by the former UCK not to sell anything
to the remaining 65 elderly Kosovo Serbs in the village. Alleged members
of the former UCK threatened to burn his store if he did not obey. The
Kosovo Serbs were now heavily dependent on humanitarian aid. Many of them
also needed medical aid but they could not get help from the local clinic
for the same reason.
The OSCE Human Rights team in Prizren/Prizren visited 12 Muslim Slav (Gora/Dragashi)
villages in Gora/Dragashi municipality. In all these villages, freedom
of movement was still a major problem. Since the majority of Muslim Slavs
do not speak Albanian they were afraid of being harassed outside their
The Muslim Slav community in Dragas/Dragash, Gora/Dragashi municipality
reported that many Muslim Slavs had lost their jobs in Dragas/Dragash.
They claimed that unqualified Kosovo Albanians have taken over their positions.
About 15 Muslim Slav shop owners claimed to have lost their businesses
to Kosovo Albanians who had then demanded money for rent or protection.
Several Muslim Slavs had left for Bosnia or other parts of Serbia.
An OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan followed up the case of a
Kosovo Serb family that was approached by a Kosovo Albanian male on 24th
September and told to move out of their home by 28th September.
The family was told to pass on the instruction to other named families
in the same street. At the request of the OSCE, KFOR established a checkpoint
near the street and the families remained in their homes.
In the Gnjilane/Gjilan area a grenade exploded in the house of a 57-year-old
Kosovo Serb male. Damage was caused to 10 windows and the floor of the
house estimated to total 3,000 German Marks.
At 6:00 hours, a store and the house belonging to a Roma family was broken
into in Gnjilane/Gjilan.
A 30-year-old Kosovo Albanian male and OSCE local staff member, travelling
in an OSCE vehicle from Pec/Peje to Djakovica/Gjakove, was stopped by three
Kosovo Albanians who demanded money from him. As members of the former-UCK,
they said that they resented the fact they had no work or money while the
local staff member was paid employment. The three men disappeared after
they stole 500 German Marks.
The OSCE Human Rights team in Pec/Peje facilitated a meeting between a
Roma representative and the leader of the Mother Teresa Society in Zac,
Istok/Istog municipality. The main topic was the claimed unequal distribution
of food aid amongst the Kosovo Albanians and the Roma in the village. The
Roma representative claimed that the leader of MTS in the municipality
Istok/Istog, excluded all persons under permanent KFOR protection from
the distribution of humanitarian help. The OSCE Human Rights team followed
up and found out that the registration for food distribution of the 160
people under KFOR protection had been stopped by the leader of MTS and
by the representative of Mercy Corps International (MCI). However, until
recently, the Roma had received direct help from MCI. MCI said that they
would register and deliver aid to all people under KFOR protection in the
A Kosovo Serb man was shot and injured near Podujevo/Podujeve.
According to information received from UNHCR in Urosevac/Ferizaj, five
houses were set on fire in the Roma quarter (Halidibishi) in Urosevac/Ferizaj.
A 52-year-old Muslim Slav male was killed and another 65-year-old was severely
wounded by unknown perpetrators. The OSCE Human Rights team interviewed
the injured man who said that the attack occurred while they played chess
in their apartment in Pec/Peje. He was the director of the main state forestry
company in the Pec/Peje area. After the conflict, the self styled Kosovo
Albanian municipal authorities did not allow him to return to his job.
The victim said that he felt unsafe in the hospital and wanted to leave
with his family for Montenegro.
Six masked men in black reportedly kidnapped two Kosovo Albanian men, a
24-year-old and a 16-year-old from their homes in Malisevo, Orahovac/Rrahovec
municipality. They were beaten and accused of having deserted from the
UCK during the war. Both had been in Germany for the duration of the conflict.
The two men were later released. The perpetrators had not yet been identified.
A grenade attack on a shop owned by a Kosovo Serb in the Kosovo Serb quarter
of Gnjilane/Gjilan resulted in the injury of a Kosovo Albanian. Windows
were broken and all the goods were stolen.
In the Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice area, a Kosovo Albanian was shot in
his leg while crossing the Ibar River. No further information was available.
Unknown perpetrators broke into the Office of the Muslim Slav Association
in Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice and searched through all the papers. No
damage other than a broken lock was reported.
An OSCE Human Rights team in Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice met a Muslim
Slav who claimed that a Muslim Slav school had been opened in the north
because it was too dangerous for the children to travel south. A Muslim
Slav School was opened on 1 November in the south of Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice.
An explosion was heard at 20:00 hours in Vitina/Viti (south east of Gnjilane/Gjilan).
According to KFOR, a hand grenade or a 'pipe' bomb caused it. Twenty minutes
later a 15-year-old Kosovo Albanian male with a severe eye injury arrived
at KFOR assisted by his 16-year-old brother and his cousin aged approximately
20. They requested medical attention. The injured boy claimed that a grenade
had hit him. KFOR evacuated him to the KFOR Camp Bondsteel and then to
Pristina/Prishtine. KFOR suspected that he may have tried to throw the
grenade or that he had witnessed the grenade being thrown. KFOR detained
the brother and the cousin for a period of three hours but later released
A Kosovo Albanian was seriously beaten in northern Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice
and was taken to the Hospital. No further information was available.
A Kosovo Albanian male from Bec near Djakovica/Gjakove reported the disappearance
of his brother. According to the complainant, the victim had worked as
a police officer before the conflict. Asoldierfrom 134 Brigade of the then
UCK, had reportedly arrested him on 16th June. They received
information that the victim had been sent to village of Zebel, Djakovica/Gjakove
municipality where there was a 'police' headquarterbelonging to the former-UCK
Twenty Kosovo Albanians began a hunger strike in Klina/Kline municipality.
They were campaigning for the immediate release of all prisoners who were
held in Serbian prisons as well as information about the missing persons.
They also called for the immediate withdrawal of KFOR from Kosovo.
The haystacks of a Roma family in Djurakovac, Istok/Istog municipality
were burned. The barn was saved with the help of the KFOR fire brigade.
The 61-year-old head of the family remained in Kosovo during the conflict
and now had difficult relations with his Albanian neighbours. After a long
interrogation on 10th July in the then UCK 'police' station
the Roma family were given a letter issued by the UCK 'police chief' that
specified 'the family should not be maltreated.'
A grenade was thrown into the yard of a Kosovo Serb house in Lipljan/Lipjan.
There were no reports of any casualties.
A 25-year-old Roma man received head injuries when three Kosovo Albanians
in Kosovo Polje/Fushe Kosove reportedly assaulted him. He was taken to
hospital by KFOR.
Kosovo Serbs blocked Kosovo Albanian children from attending Plemetina
The OSCE Human Rights team reported that intimidation of Kosovo Serb families
in Prizren/Prizren continued. Stones were thrown at them and they were
verbally abused. Teenagers attacked one Kosovo Serb woman with sticks at
her home on 4 th and 5th October. However, since
a Kosovo Albanian family moved into her flat the attacks had stopped.
A Kosovo Albanian crowd beat a 44-year-old Kosovo Serb male from Pristina/Prishtine
to death with metal bars. Reportedly his throat was cut with a piece of
glass. The victim was on his way from Serbia main to visit his daughter
who worked for the OSCE in Pristina/Prishtine. A second Kosovo Serb male
was very seriously beaten in the same incident and was still in hospital.
The men had been caught in a traffic jam caused by a funeral procession
for 18 Kosovo Albanians killed during the war who had been exhumed from
the mass grave in Vidomiric, Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice municipality.
The funeral took place at Sukovac and was attended by an estimated 2,500
Kosovo Albanians. Another eight Kosovo Serbs and 15 members of KFOR and
UNMIK Police were injured in a related incident. The OSCE Human Rights
team researched these clashes and determined that Kosovo Albanians had
attacked a convoy of Kosovo Serbs vehicles that had come from isolated
villages to go shopping in Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice, Zvecan and Leposavic.
The convoy was escorted by KFOR. A KFOR armoured personnel carrier was
overturned by the Kosovo Albanian funeral mourners. Several Kosovo Serbs
were beaten and Kosovo Albanians reportedly threw a Molotov cocktail at
two civilian cars. KFOR and UNMIK Police casualties resulted when they
intervened to protect the Kosovo Serbs.
A 21-year-old Muslim Slav was killed in Pec/Peje. Before the incident the
man and his family had reportedly been intimidated and physically harassed
several times by Kosovo Albanians. The family was accused of having burned
their houses during the war. KFOR intensified patrols in the area.
OSCE Human Rights Officers received information from KFOR that two Roma
communities totalling 90 persons had left Kosovo/Kosova from Klina/Kline
municipality. The OSCE investigated and confirmed the information.
Between 3rd and 5th October a Roma family consisting
of 10 persons from Boksic near Dugajevo departed Kosovo/Kosova for Montenegro
following pressure from Kosovo Albanian neighbours.
A 30-year-old Kosovo Albanian male was shot eight times in Dobri Do, Podujevo/Podujeve
municipality . He died on the way to the hospital.
Kosovo Serbs blockaded Plemetina School, Obilic/Obiliq municipality.
A 72-year-old and a 70-year-old Kosovo Albanian couple from Staro Selo,
in Urosevac/Ferizaj municipality were reported missing. Family members
last saw them on 18th April. However, in mid-June, the couple's
house was found burned and there were indications that they may have died
in the house. An OSCE Human Rights team went to the village and documented
The OSCE Human Rights team in Prizren/Prizren reported that four members
of the former UCK threatened Kosovo Serb residents in Zivinjane. One of
the alleged assailants had an UCK identity card, another had a pistol.
The four persons were seen leaving the area in a white Lada.
A Kosovo Albanian man was reportedly kidnapped from his home in Malisevo,
Orahovac/Rrahovec by three unidentified men. He had not been seen since
The main travel route from Prizren/Prizren to Skopje had witnessed an increase
in the number of incidents of harassment, detention and assault by Kosovo
Serb villagers blocking the road. In Brezovica (east of Prizren/Prizren)
incidents included the kidnapping and assault on 29th September
of an American couple. On 5th October KFOR had reported 50 local
villagers had delayed traffic for hours by blocking the road. For security
reasons the road was closed to UNMIK vehicles.
A grenade exploded in the Kosovo Serb area in Vitina/Viti. Two Kosovo Serb
males, aged about 45, sustained slight arm injuries. The two men saw a
male throwing a grenade in front of a shop. The perpetrator escaped in
The OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan had a meeting, together with
KFOR and UNHCR, concerning the security of the Roma population. The Roma
population of 3,500 had been intimidated, harassed and ill-treated by Kosovo
Albanians. Their houses continued to be set on fire and Kosovo Albanians
beat them. Their freedom of movement was also limited and they claimed
that they had no access to medicines or humanitarian aid. The main protagonists
appeared to be a group of six to 10 Albanians. When the OSCE Human Rights
Officers visited the Roma to take statements concerning the intimidation
they declined as they were afraid of retaliation by the Kosovo Albanians.
A house belonging to a Kosovo Serb in Gnjilane/Gjilan started to burn after
perpetrators had thrown a Molotov cocktail through a window of the house.
It was suspected that the perpetrators were some pupils from the Kosovo
Albanian Secondary School who had allegedly been intimidating and harassing
the Kosovo Serb owner since 1st September. In the previous few
weeks the children were throwing stones and breaking windows at the house.
On one occasion they threw a grenade at the Kosovo Serb house causing damage
to a wall. In another incident money had been stolen.
The hunger strike that had started on 4th October (see above)
ended in Klina/Kline at 17:00 hours.
A hand grenade was thrown at a Roma house in Mali Alas, Lipljan/Lipjan
A Kosovo Albanian from Mala Krusa (near Prizren/Prizren) reportedly stabbed
a Roma male in Dusanovo, Prizren/Prizren. The victim and his family took
refuge in Dusanovo after having been threatened and harassed by Kosovo
Albanians from Mala Krusa in June. Six Kosovo Albanians who had survived
an alleged mass killing in Mala Krusa on 26th March said that
they had seen the Roma victim and his brothers shoot villagers. One hundred
Kosovo Albanian males were alleged to have been killed by the Serb security
forces in the incident. KFOR Military Police were investigating the attempted
murder and the alleged involvement of the three brothers in war crimes.
After negotiations had failed in Strpce/Shterpce between KFOR and the families
of the two Kosovo Serbs who had been kidnapped in Urosevac/Ferizaj on 28
September, a new roadblock was established by Kosovo Serbs in Gotovusa
on the road to Strpce/Shterpce. However, the roadblock was quickly lifted.
The body of a 50-year-old Roma male was found in Prizren/Prizren. He had
been killed by a gunshot to the head. On 5th October the victim
had allegedly been kidnapped from his home by seven men dressed in black.
The OSCE Human Rights team determined that the victim's brother-in-law
was the Roma representative at the Rambouillet peace talks in France and
was considered to be supporting the Milosovic regime.
The OSCE Human Rights team in Prizren/Prizren reported that unknown perpetrators
in the village of Planjane, Prizren/Prizren municipality, beat a 70-year-old
Kosovo Serb female. They also robbed her of money collected to repair the
roof of an Orthodox Church. Nine elderly Kosovo Serbs remained in the village.
A 60-year-old Kosovo Albanian male was found dead with two gunshot wounds
to the head. The body was found close to a river east of Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice
and was transferred for autopsy to Pristina/Prishtine.
In Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice, a representative of the UCK-appointed
Kosovo Albanian local administrator, together with a uniformed member of
the provisional TMK and two civilians, tried to force the door of a Kosovo
Albanian apartment. The 50-year-old Kosovo Albanian female occupant had
allegedly been ordered to leave two days before. The eviction was prevented
when an OSCE Human Rights team and UNMIK Police arrived at the scene. The
Human Rights team was following up on the case.
A Muslim Slav and a 50-year-old Kosovo Albanian man were detained and beaten
at the 'police' station of the former-UCK in Pec/Peje. The Muslim Slav
was accused of being a 'policeman of Milosevic.' The 'police' later released
the men but the Muslim Slav had to submit a 'letter of good behaviour'
to the 'police' that was to be written by the SDA-leader (Muslim Slav political
party). The Muslim Slav was from Vitomirica, Pec/Peje municipality and
was contemplating leaving Kosovo.
A 49-year-old Roma female was killed and another 46-year-old Roma female
lost a leg when unknown assailants threw two hand grenades into a Roma
house in Brekovac.
The Roma in Klina/Kline stated that they continued to suffer from intimidation.
At the beginning of October a Catholic Albanian family in Paljevo, headed
by a 60-year-old reportedly had their farming equipment stolen by Kosovo
Albanians from Ozrim, Istok/Istog municipality. Two pigs, a tractor and
a family vehicle were stolen at separate times. KFOR found the vehicle
but the tractor was not located. The family then received threats allegedly
from members of the former UCK for having reported the thefts to KFOR and
Information was received from UNMIK Police and the Director of Pristina/Prishtine
Hospital that all Kosovo Serb patients at the Hospital would now receive
a UNMIK Police guard.
Eight house burnings were reported to the OSCE Human Rights team in Prizren/Prizren
during a 72-hour period.
The Kosovo Serbs remaining in the predominantly Muslim Slav village of
Planjane, Prizren/Prizren municipality made allegations to the OSCE Human
Rights team in Prizren/Prizren that the local people who distributed international
humanitarian aid had received orders from the former UCK not to give it
On 7th October an OSCE Human Rights team in Gnjilane/Gjilan
interviewed a Kosovo Serb male in connection with the kidnapping of two
Kosovo Serb males in Urosevac/Ferizaj (see 28th September above).
The interviewee provided some additional information and also confirmed
that the two kidnapped men had agreed to stay in the Director's Office
without KFOR protection. On 8 October the Human Rights team also interviewed
two Kosovo Serb females and participated in a meeting with KFOR and the
family members of the kidnapped.
At the beginning of October several Roma families near Dugajevo abandoned
their houses as a result of intimidation. On 8th October a barn
was set on fire.
Local Kosovo Serbs refused to allow Kosovo Albanian children use of the
Plemetina School, Obilic/Obiliq municipality, until the schools in Obilic/Obiliq
and Pristina/Prishtine were opened for Kosovo Serb children.
KFOR Military Police arrested three members of the former UCK who had allegedly
beaten a Kosovo Albanian in Orahovac/Rrahovec. As a sign of protest the
local population immediately blocked the street and did not let KFOR pass.
Finally, after KFOR had promised to release the detained men within two
hours, the local residents let KFOR proceed. Around 18:00 hours, as the
three men were still detained by KFOR, the population decided to form another
blockade with trucks, cars and tractors and asked KFOR again for the release
of the three men. At 21:30 hours, KFOR released them and the blockade was
The body of an unidentified male was found in the River Sitnica (Kosovska
Mitrovica/Mitrovice) with stab wounds in the chest and the neck. The body
had reportedly been in the water for ten days. The body was transferred
for autopsy to Pristina/Prishtine.
29 Kosovo Serbs who had lived in Istok/Istog municipality returned from
Kragujevac (outside of Kosovo/Kosova) to Istok/Istog Monastery where KFOR
provided them protection. They wanted to return to nearby Gornji Draguljevac.
Four Kosovo Albanian males reportedly threatened a 52-year-old Muslim Slav
mechanic at his house in Pec/Peje. The assailants called themselves soldiers
and accused the Muslim Slav of having stolen a vehicle belonging to a Kosovo
Serb. They took the vehicle and the victim's driving license. The Muslim
Slav decided to leave Kosovo/Kosova.
Two Albanian speaking men reportedly threatened a 60-year-old Muslim Slav)
male from Vitomirica, Pec/Peje municipality with a gun. They also reportedly
stole his cow.
A vehicle belonging to a 37-year-old Kosovo Serb female, a member of the
OSCE local staff, was damaged by a rock in Gnjilane/Gjilan.
A 44-year-old Kosovo Serb male was killed in Banjska, Vucitrn/Vushtrri
OSCE Human Rights Officers met with a Kosovo Albanian from Istok/Istog
whose shoe shop was burned two weeks ago. The man said that he was considered
by other Kosovo Albanians to have been friendly with Kosovo Serbs.
A Roma family from Krusevo departed for Montenegro. In September the family
had allegedly been victims of threats and intimidation by Kosovo Albanians
who had burned their haystacks. The house was also reportedly looted.
An elderly Kosovo Serb male sustained a minor shrapnel wound when four
rifle propelled grenades were fired from a Zastava vehicle near Suvi Do
(north of Lipljan/Lipjan).
In Pristina/Prishtine shots were fired at a Kosovo Serb male as he drove
his vehicle in Pristina/Prishtine.
A Kosovo Serb male from Lipljan/Lipjan was travelling out of Kosovo/Kosova
with a Kosovo Serb friend. When they reached Podujevo/Podujeve the occupants
of a van reportedly opened fire on their vehicle. The passenger was injured
in the attack. The victims claimed that the van had followed them from
Two Roma houses were burned in the Tusus area of Prizren/Prizren.
The body of a 38-year-old Kosovo Albanian male was found near Svre. He
had been abducted on 5th October from his house in Dragobilje,
Orahovac/Rrahovec municipality. Some shepherds had found his body handcuffed
and with signs of burns.
The Roma community in Haldibushi, Urosevac/Ferizaj reported one Roma male
missing. UNMIK Police and KFOR were investigating the case.
Five houses were reported burned in Prizren/Prizren during the previous
An international staff member of UNMIK who had only arrived in Kosovo/Kosova
earlier that day was killed in the centre of Pristina/Prishtine. He was
asked the time by a passer by. When he answered in Serbo-Croat he was shot
dead, allegedly by Kosovo Albanians who seemed to have identified him as
An OSCE Human Rights team accompanied an OSCE Democratisation Officer went
to the Church in Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica to enquire about movements
in the Kosovo Serb population in the municipality. Reportedly, in the week
of 3rd to 10th October some Kosovo Serbs moved from
Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica to nearby Ranilug so that their children could
attend school. The Kosovo Serb School in Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica opened
on 12th October and the families appeared to be returning. There
were also reports that some Kosovo Serbs that had left the province were
now coming back. KFOR was providing foot patrols to escort the children
from the Kosovo Serb area of Berivojce, a neighbouring village, to the
School. While separate schooling of the Kosovo Serb and Kosovo Albanian
communities was not in accordance with the UNICEF policy of sharing buildings
and facilities the new arrangement had ensured that children in grades
one through to eight were able to attend classes. The Kosovo Serb School
was based in a private house next to the ambulance station. Problems of
space and facilities were envisaged if more Kosovo Serbs returned.
In Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice two Kosovo Albanians, a husband and his
40-year-old wife, approached the OSCE claiming they had authorisation from
the self styled Kosovo Albanian administration to take over an apartment
that was being rented by an international OSCE staff member. The issue
was raised with the self styled administration.
The Priest of the Orthodox Church in south Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice
told an OSCE Human Rights team that 20 Kosovo Serbs, mostly elderly, still
lived around the KFOR-protected Church. He said that they were very afraid
and did not leave the vicinity of the Church. He further stated that if
the security situation did not improve then all 20 Kosovo Serbs would leave.
In Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice, discussions continued over the issue of
access to the University and its opening date. The proposal that Kosovo
Serb and Kosovo Albanian students each use the University for three days
of the week was an option discussed. Negotiations were also continuing
at the Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice Hospital in an effort to re-integrate
Kosovo Albanian medical staff and patients.
A Roma was reportedly kidnapped from the Vucitrn/Vushtrri district. The
victim had been the subject of a UN Interim Civil Administration intervention
with the self styled local government in order for the Roma to be re-employed
with the municipal Services Company Perparimu. On the first day of employment
four men in provisional TMK uniforms entered his office and detained him.
An anonymous telephone call was received later (14th October)
stating the victim was alive but there was no ransom demand. The 'mayor'
of the self styled administration denied any involvement of the provisional
TMK and said that the victim was taken by impostors in provisional TMK
In Mali Alas, Lipljan/Lipjan municipality, a hand grenade was thrown at
a Roma house. No casualties were reported.
A Roma male was reported missing in Urosevac/Ferizaj. KFOR Military Police
took a statement from a cousin of the victim but it was unclear if there
were any eyewitnesses.
Four houses in Obilic/Obiliq were burned. In one of the houses the body
of a 75-year-old Kosovo Serb female was found. It later transpired that
the deceased had been murdered prior to the houses being set on fire.
An 84-year-old Kosovo Serb female from Musnikovo, Prizren/Prizren municipality
reported that she was seriously beaten by four unknown perpetrators who
were looking for money in her house. The four assailants then tried to
abduct a 78-year-old Kosovo Serb male but the victim's wife and neighbours
managed to intervene. One of the perpetrators pointed his gun at the people
and told them that they were not allowed to leave their part of the village./
The detention of an allegedly mentally disabled 16-year-old Kosovo Serb
male by UNMIK Police and KFOR had alarmed the Serb National Council (SNC)
in Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice who were concerned about a potential human
rights violation. After an investigation by a Judge and a KFOR psychiatrist
it was decided to keep the boy in detention. The family of the detained
hired a Kosovo Serb lawyer, replacing the Kosovo Albanian lawyer who had
been appointed by the Court. An OSCE Human Rights team met the Kosovo Serb
lawyer who stated that in fact he would not defend his client because 'lawyers
from Belgrade take over these kinds of cases.'
The body of a 73-year-old Kosovo Serb female was found in the Kosovo Albanian
village of Krusevac, Srbica municipality. Three Kosovo Albanians were arrested
by KFOR after it was alleged that her Kosovo Albanian neighbours killed
her in Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice on 10 October.
The Muslim Slavs in Vitomirica, Pec/Peje muncipality, continued to suffer
intimidation despite patrols by KFOR and observation patrols by UNMIK Police.
They were increasingly leaving the area.
In the village of Zahac, (near Pec/Peje), OSCE Human Rights Officers collected
information on cases of intimidation of the Roma and Catholic Albanian
families. KFOR confirmed that there were shooting incidents on a regular
An OSCE Human Rights team visited the abandoned village of Bica, Klina/Kline
municipality. The last 37 Roma inhabitants left Kosovo on 24 th
September for Montenegro. Their houses were looted and burned around 10
October. The Human Rights team also visited Krusevac, Klina/Kline municipality,
and learned that a Roma family had left their house for an unknown destination.
Their house was looted. /
A 45-year-old Kosovo Albanian male married to a Muslim Slav left Klina/Kline
for Montenegro with his family due to fear for their security. The head
of the family used to work in a Kosovo Serb controlled municipal authority.
On 20 August he had been requested to go for 'informative talks' at the
'police' station of the former. Allegedly he was beaten on the hands and
feet and his life was threatened. After release he remained in-doors at
all times and his situation was continuously monitored by KFOR. He was
accused of collaboration with the Serbs. The victim had indicated to KFOR
that he was willing to testify in court, after which he would be escorted
by KFOR to Montenegro. The family however, departed by their own means
The son of a missing Kosovo Albanian man reported to UNMIK Police that
he had found his father's body in the Podujevo/Podujeve area.
A Kosovo Albanian threatened the OSCE Human Rights team in Kosovo Polje/Fushe
Kosove) at the municipal building. Allegedly the man was a member of the
former UCK and currently worked at the 'police' section in Kosovo Polje/Fushe
KFOR reported that four Kosovo Albanian males attempted to evict a Kosovo
Albanian female with two children from her apartment in Urosevac/Ferizaj.
The men claimed that a family with seven children needed the apartment.
KFOR intervened and determined that none of the Kosovo Albanians had any
documents that conferred a right to the apartment.
Five empty Kosovo Serb houses were burned in Musnikovo, Zupa area, Prizren/Prizren
municipality. The villagers who were predominantly old people lived in
fear because the houses were close together and one fire could destroy
a large part of the village. They had set up a night-watch system.
In Gnjilane/Gjilan, the house of a 61-year-old Kosovo Serb male was set
on fire and badly damaged.
In Gnjilane/Gjilan, rocks and a metal cable were thrown through the window
of a first floor flat in a Kosovo Serb apartment block.
Two houses were set on fire in the centre of Gnjilane/Gjilan.
An OSCE Human Rights team followed up the disappearance of a 64-year-old
Kosovo Serb male who had been missing from Gnjilane/Gjilan since 24th
July. The Human Rights team interviewed his wife and collected ante-mortem
A house burning was reported in south Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice. The
house belonged to a Kosovo Serb family and had been rented to an international
UNMIK staff member.
During the period 15th to 19th October in Suvido
(near Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice), 12 elderly Kosovo Albanian males (aged
65, 60, 57) were severely beaten, harassed and stoned by Kosovo Serbs.
A 27-year-old Kosovo Albanian pregnant woman was also seriously injured
when she tried to escape in a vehicle with her three children. The vehicle
was burned. The incidents were allegedly organised by a Kosovo Serb whose
name and nickname were known.
KFOR reported that approximately 90 Roma from four different locations
in the Klina/Kline municipality had left over the previous three weeks
due to intimidation.
A 61-year-old Muslim Slav male was killed in Vitomirica, Pec/Peje municipality.
The victim was shot six times in the chest allegedly by an Albanian speaking
male who then attempted to kill the victim's 14-year-old son.
Four haystacks were burned at the house of a Roma family in Jagoda, Klina/Kline
municipality. The family was too scared to leave the house to see what
In Mali Alas, Lipljan/Lipjan municipality, a hand grenade was thrown at
a Roma house. No casualties were reported in the incident.
A female (ethnicity unknown) was allegedly kidnapped in Pristina/Prishtine.
Three grenade attacks hit a Muslim Slav and two Kosovo Albanian houses
in north Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice. The houses were occupied but reportedly
no one was wounded.
A Kosovo Albanian male was shot from a car in Pristina/Prishtine.
Two females were kidnapped in Pristina/Prishtine, one of whom was reportedly
A hand grenade detonated at a Kosovo Serb house in Pristina/Prishtine.
A Roma man from the camp in Obilic/Obiliq alleged that he was verbally
abused and assaulted in Pristina/Prishtine Hospital by hospital guards.
A 60-year-old Muslim Slav (Gora/Dragashi) man and his wife were shot dead
in their home in the village of Kievo, Orahovac/Rrahovec municipality.
The 22-year-old daughter escaped through the window but could not give
a description of the perpetrators. The family had stayed in their house
during the conflict and rumours had circulated that the daughter had been
friendly with the Kosovo Serb policemen stationed in the village. For this
reason she was said to have been put on a UCK 'black list.'
A 30-year-old Kosovo Serb male was killed in Pristina/Prishtine.
A hand grenade was thrown at a Roma house in Janjevo, Lipljan/Lipjan municipality.
A representative of the Ashkali community reported that 50% of the Ashkali/Roma
children did not attend school mainly due to harassment and intimidation
by their Kosovo Albanian classmates. There were only two female Ashkali/Roma
teachers in the schools in Urosevac/Ferizaj. Efforts were made to gather
the Ashkali/Roma children in one class to protect them from the harassment
of Kosovo Albanian children.
The former UCK was believed to be in control of the local businesses in
Urosevac/Ferizaj. An Ashkali representative informed the OSCE Human Rights
team that the market was no longer open to non-Albanian traders. Local
representatives reported that 100 Kosovo Serb and 10 Roma shops had been
taken over by Kosovo Albanians.
A Muslim Slav (Gora/Dragashi) male living in Globocica, Gora/Dragas/Dragashi
municipality reported that he left his flat on 15th July having
seen his neighbours being threatened and beaten. He wanted to reclaim the
property from the present occupants. Local residents were calling for the
establishment of a housing commission in the area and OSCE and UNMIK Police
were daily receiving cases regarding property rights.
A house and two barns were set on fire in the Kosovo Serb village of Zivinjane,
Prizren/Prizren municipality. The house belonged to a former MUP officer
who left Kosovo/Kosova. One of the barns belonged to an elderly Kosovo
Serb family that still lived in the village.
An OSCE Human Rights team followed up a report of two anti-personnel mines
found near Vrbovac and Grncar, Vitina/Viti municipality. Both mines were
laid close to the road in cornfields known to belong to Kosovo Serbs. Kosovo
Serbs working in the field discovered them before they detonated. The unknown
perpetrators had used a tripwire that had been tied to sweet corn stalks
that were ready to be harvested.
On 16th October two Kosovo Albanian men reportedly broke into
the house of an 89-year-old Kosovo Serb female and removed some property.
On 17th October the Kosovo Albanian males returned and ill-treated
the Kosovo Serb victim with a wooden stick. On 19th October
KFOR escorted the victim to Gnjilane/Gjilan Hospital and then stayed at
her house during the night.
KFOR reported automatic gunfire and explosions were heard between Vitina/Viti
and Podgorce (south of Gnjilane/Gjilan). An OSCE Human Rights team met
four Kosovo Serb families, victims of the incident. A hand grenade had
damaged an outside wall and a house window but no injuries were reported.
Four gunshots were also fired in Mogila, Vitina/Viti municipality. KFOR
suspected that the two incidents were related. Reportedly, the incidents
occurred just after Kosovo Albanian children had been removed from the
mixed school located in the Kosovo Serb area. The Kosovo Serb families
said that they did not feel protected despite a new KFOR unit deployed
Two grenades exploded in the Serbian quarter in Gnjilane/Gjilan. No witnesses
could be found.
A grenade was thrown at the former LDK Headquarters in Gnjilane/Gjilan.
Several vehicles parked outside the building were damaged.
A Kosovo Serb house was set on fire in Gnjilane/Gjilan. The fire spread
to two nearby houses.
A 47-year-old Kosovo Serb male informed of the illegal sale of his wife's
property in Saitagin Zabel (near Gnjilane/Gjilan).
In Gnjilane/Gjilan, four unknown Kosovo Albanian males reportedly entered
the yard of a 45-year-old Roma male. He was allegedly told to leave his
home otherwise it would be burned.
An OSCE Human Rights team visited Grizime, Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica municipality
and was told that no international health care organisation had ever been
to the village. They also said that humanitarian aid was only delivered
to Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica and that would prove difficult to reach in
In Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice reassurances from the UN Interim Civil
Administration that very serious efforts were being made to facilitate
the opening of a multi-ethnic University averted a demonstration by Kosovo
A Turkish male was shot and injured allegedly by three Kosovo Albanian
males in Urosevac/Ferizaj.
A Kosovo Serb female reported the abduction of her 52-year-old brother
in Srpski Babus, Urosevac/Ferizaj municipality, on 20th June.
Allegedly, the Kosovo Albanians burned 200 houses in the village and all
the villagers were believed to have left Kosovo.
An OSCE Human Rights team attended a meeting with the UCK appointed municipality
and some school directors in Kacanik/Kacanik municipality (south of Pristina/Prishtine
near the border of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia). The schools
in the nearby villages of Kotlina, Straza, Korbulic and Slatina were damaged
during the war and were not rebuilt or repaired. The team visited the school
facilities in Kotlina where children attended classes in a shelter. The
School was in a very poor condition and needed preparation for the winter.
In addition, the school suffered from a shortage of equipment and material.
Only a few children from non-Albanian communities attended classes in the
village. Four former teachers were killed in the recent conflict.
A grenade hit the empty LDK Office in Decani/Decane. The same Office was
also hit on 14th September.
Some shots were fired from the hills south west of Ostrozub, Orahovac/Rrahovec
municipality. No one was hit but the UNMIK Police reported that villagers
were worried about the presence of masked men in the village at night.
A Kosovo Serb female interpreter working in the office of the UN Regional
Administrator for Gnjilane/Gjilan was seriously injured when a grenade
was thrown into her apartment. Her aunt sustained minor injuries and was
still suffering from shock. The interpreter moved to the apartment after
her previous dwelling had been illegally seized and occupied by a Kosovo
Two hand grenades were thrown at a Kosovo Serb house in Gnjilane/Gjilan.
The house sustained damage but no casualties were reported. The OSCE Human
Rights team took statements and photographic evidence.
Unknown perpetrators threw a Molotov cocktail at the windows of a store
owned by a Kosovo Serb in Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica.
Two Kosovo Serb females were injured when a hand grenade was thrown into
the kitchen of a house in Gnjilane/Gjilan. One of them was a local employee
of the UN Interim Civil Administration. She had injuries to her face, chest
and hands. Both females were evacuated to the Vranje Hospital outside of
Two hand grenades were thrown into a Kosovo Serb house in Gnjilane/Gjilan.
No injuries were reported but the house was damaged. An OSCE Human Rights
team took statements and photographic evidence.
An OSCE Human Rights team took statements from three Roma in Gnjilane/Gjilan,
a 44-year-old female, her 49-year-old husband and another 49-year-old male.
Four unknown Kosovo Albanian males allegedly entered their houses demanding
money. They claimed that they were harassed and told to leave their homes
otherwise they would be killed. The Kosovo Albanians searched the two houses
and reportedly stole some items. The OSCE Human Rights team asked KFOR
to increase night patrols in the area.
A 69-year-old Muslim Slav male was reportedly kidnapped in Decani/Decan.
The incident was reported to the Dragas/Dragash OSCE Field Office
At 00:30 hours several shots fired close by OSCE Field Office in Djakovica/Gjakove.
The same thing happened again at 01:30 hours and at 02:30 hours. The guards
stated that the firing point was about 20 metres from the Office.
A Kosovo Albanian male carrying an automatic weapon opened fire at a Mother
Teresa Society (MTS) distribution point in Volujak (near Pec/Peje) in anger
over alleged discrimination in aid distribution. A KFOR patrol attempted
to apprehend the man who then opened fire at them. Local civilians intervened
and persuaded the gunman to give himself up before KFOR took any further
steps. KFOR did not open fire and no KFOR soldiers were wounded. The man
had a history of mental illness and was drunk at the time of the incident.
Subsequent investigation showed that his family had not been registered
Residents of the Roma camp in Obilic/Obiliq erected a blockade to prevent
anyone entering the camp and declared they had begun a hunger strike aimed
at drawing attention to the conditions inside the camp.
Unknown perpetrators threw a hand grenade in the backyard of a 45-year-old
Muslim Slav (Gora/Dragashi) in the centre of Dragas/Dragash, Gora/Dragas/Dragashi
municipality. The explosion damaged five windows and the wall of the house.
A bomb exploded in the backyard of a Muslim Slav residence in Dragas/Dragash,
Gora/Dragas/Dragashi municipality. Although the house itself sustained
considerable damage, no casualties were reported. Three weeks before an
unknown perpetrator threw a hand grenade at the front side of the same
house. Since mid-September the victim's wife had been receiving threatening
telephone calls. Allegedly the perpetrators told her to leave for Russia
In the Jetare/Dusanovo area of Prizren/Prizren several Albanians in a Kukes-registered
vehicle were seen threatening and stealing from the inhabitants. Whilst
one man went to call KFOR, his Roma wife, aged approximately 43 years old,
was raped. KFOR later arrested the perpetrator and charged him with trespass,
theft and rape. The case was with the Prizren/Prizren Prosecutor. The perpetrator
also allegedly raped one other Roma woman aged 20 to 25 but she asked KFOR
Military Police to drop the case. The other perpetrators escaped. KFOR
increased the number of foot patrols in this Roma area.
Three grenade attacks took place in the centre of Gnjilane/Gjilan. According
to KFOR, the explosive devices used were home-made.
A 44-year-old Kosovo Serb male went missing in Zvecan (north of Kosovska
A Roma male from Djurakovac, Istok/Istog municipality was 'invited' to
the former 'police' station of the former UCK. He was reportedly questioned
about his activities during the war and warned about his contacts with
KFOR and the OSCE.
OSCE Human Rights Officers followed up cases of intimidation in Ciganska
Mahala in Klina/Kline municipality. Since mid-June Kosovo Albanian gangs
from the Drenica area had visited the location, stolen goods and intimidated
the population on several occasions.
A representative from the Kosovo Serb community in Crkvena Vodica, Obilic/Obiliq
municipality told OSCE Human Rights Officers that as soon as progress was
made on issues affecting the Kosovo Albanian and Kosovo Serb communities
there was an upsurge of violent incidents. This included the recent killing
of an elderly Kosovo Serb female and house burnings after the first joint
A 70-year-old Kosovo Serb female living alone was assaulted in her house
in Urosevac/Ferizaj by three unidentified Kosovo Albanian males who she
claimed attempted to strangle her. The perpetrators left because they thought
she was dead. Reportedly, she had refused any KFOR protection measures
in the past hoping not to raise attention as she lived in an exclusively
Kosovo Albanian building. She was arranging her transfer out of Kosovo/Kosova
through the ICRC.
According to KFOR in Urosevac/Ferizaj, four members of the provisional
TMK apprehended seven Kosovo Albanian males. The provisional TMK suspected
that the Kosovo Albanians were drug dealers and handed them over to KFOR
CID. One of the men was detained at US KFOR Camp Bondsteel for possession
of illegal substances but the six others were released. KFOR advised the
provisional TMK members that they did not have any authority to carry out
Three house burnings had been reported in Prizren/Prizren during a 48-period.
A 63-year-old Kosovo Albanian male was shot and injured in Mogila, Vitina/Viti
Two unknown juveniles hit a Kosovo Albanian female on the head in Gnjilane/Gjilan.
The victim sustained light injuries.
The OSCE Human Rights team chaired a meeting with the villagers in Bosce,
Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica municipality. Issues raised included the lack
of freedom of movement through Kosovo Albanian areas, the lack of a telephone
connection and the infrequent bus service. Healthcare was also an issue
as Bosce had no doctor or access to medicines.
An OSCE Human Rights team in Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica took part in a
meeting with the UN Regional Administrator, the Kosovo Serb Director of
the former Serbian Kamenica School, the Kosovo Albanian Director of Education
and the Kosovo Albanian Director of Kamenica School. The UN Regional Administrator
suggested that the Kosovo Serb pupils should attend school in a separate
building and that a security escort could be provided. The Kosovo Serb
Director stated that he could not accept this idea because of an order
OSCE Human Rights Officers visited 'Shtatori' School, near Pec/Peje. The
school was multi-ethnic, offering classes for Kosovo Albanian, Muslim Slav
and Roma children, with lessons taught in Albanian and Serbian. The Principal
was Albanian and the Vice-Principal a Muslim Slav. They reported that children
played together and they had not received any threats, harassment or intimidation.
KFOR provided an escort for the Kosovo Serb children from Gornja Brnjica
and Devet Jugovica, Pristina/Prishtine municipality to the only Kosovo
Serb School for children in grades five to eight in the area.
In Prizren/Prizren, over several consecutive nights unidentified persons
tried to forcibly enter an apartment of an elderly Kosovo Serb couple.
The door was damaged and the lock and windows broken. KFOR soldiers stayed
in the house several nights with the couple but they wished to leave Kosovo/Kosova
as they no longer felt safe.
A Kosovo Albanian man reported to the OSCE Field Office in Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica
that he had been injured by a grenade attack on the night of 2 and 3 April
during the conflict. He alleged that he had been on the steps to his house
in Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica when a passing Serb paramilitary threw a
grenade that landed about one metre from him and his cousin. Both were
injured and were taken to the Ambulanta in Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica.
He claimed the Kosovo Serbs had been reluctant to treat them but because
he had once worked in the Ambulanta himself, both were given treatment.
The Kosovo Albanian passed the names of those that he believed were involved
directly or indirectly in the attack. Some of the accused were still living
in the area and their names were passed to UNMIK Police.
A 25-year-old Kosovo Serb male was reportedly kidnapped in Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice
by a group of five Kosovo Albanians. Five Kosovo Albanians were stopped
on the same day for suspicion of involvement in the abductions but UNMIK
Police could not substantiate this and released them.
A Kosovo Albanian male and two other unknown people reportedly threatened
five Roma families, consisting of 42 people living in Vranic/Vraniq.
A Kosovo Albanian female from Djakovica/Gjakove informed OSCE Human Rights
Officers that the members of the former UCK intimidated her family because
her husband had been working as a sound engineer at a Serbian-run Radio
from 1996 to 1998.
An exhumation and investigation was conducted by ICTY in Sverka in Klina/Kline
municipality. UNMIK Police attended the exhumation and documented the site.
A Swedish forensic team carried out the investigation. Between 17 and 20
bodies were exhumed. The victims date back to March and April. It was assessed
that they had been killed in different locations in the vicinity.
A Kosovo Albanian male wounded a Roma man in Vranic/Vraniq. He and two
other Kosovo Albanian males had threatened Roma causing five to leave their
houses under KFOR protection.
In Gracanica (south east of Pristina/Prishtine), a new Serbian National
Council (SNC) was formed separate from the existing SNC in Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice.
The new SNC expressed the readiness to act together as a united body for
the protection of Serbs in Kosovo. At the meeting, 49 members from across
the province were elected to the SNC. Bishop Artemije (Patriarch of Prizren/Prizren)
was unanimously elected President, Randjel Nojkic Vice-President and Momcilo
Trajkovic Vice-President of the Executive Committee. Commitments were made
to observe international human rights declarations.
A grenade was thrown at a Kosovo Serb house in Lebane, Pristina/Prishtine
In the Kosovo Serb quarter of Orahovac/Rrahovec, two Kosovo Serbs suspected
of war crimes were arrested by KFOR. They were transferred to KFOR in Prizren/Prizren.
The OSCE Human Rights team visited Karasinderd, Has region, Prizren/Prizren
municipality, which was a mixed village of 70% Catholic Albanian and 30%
Muslim Slav. The Catholic Albanians stayed during the war while the Muslim
Slav neighbours fled to Albania. The villagers reported constant low level
harassment from neighbouring Kosovo Albanian villages. They were accused
of being Serb collaborators. The incidents were becoming more frequent
and closer to the village. KFOR regularly patrolled this area.
Two hand grenades were thrown on separate occasions into the backyard of
a 45-year-old Muslim Slav's house in Dragas/Dragash. No one was injured
but the victim expressed his intention to leave for Belgrade with his family.
A 27-year-old Muslim Slav told the OSCE that he had been receiving telephone
calls from unknown persons over the previous 10 days. The caller told him
to leave Dragas/Dragash. As a consequence the victim disconnected the telephone.
He was very afraid that he might be the next victim of a hand grenade incident.
An OSCE Human Rights team followed up a report of a grenade attack on the
property of a Turk in Dobrcane. It was established there were two attacks
against properties owned by the 65-year-old Turk. On 9th October an unoccupied
building which the Turk used to store hay, straw, farm implements and building
materials was attacked. The property was almost completely destroyed with
only the concrete walls and floors remaining. The second attack took place
on 24th October. A loud explosion broke windows in the residence
of the Turkish family and in outbuildings. The victim said that he had
received threatening telephone calls prior to the attacks in which he had
been told that 'Turks do not belong in Dobrcane, go back to Turkey.' There
were only Kosovo Albanian and 50 Turkish families living in Dobrcane and
relations prior to the conflict were good. However, some Turks including
the victim's family left for Turkey prior to the conflict and were accused
of siding with the Serbs and knowing what was going to happen. Turks had
been living in Dobrcane for 500 years but now felt unsafe and threatened.
OSCE Human Rights Officers followed up the 25th October case
concerning explosions in the village of Kmetovce. The target of the explosions
was a vehicle-servicing centre. According to the interviewee, the reason
for the attack was to force the owner to close his business, leave the
building and then his workshop would be looted. The villagers of Kmetovce
also complained about the alleged partial behaviour of a KFOR Kosovo Albanian
interpreter. They claimed that he had been an active member of the former
UCK and was not translating the information of witnesses regarding Kosovo
Albanian suspects. KFOR was informed of the allegation.
The case was followed up by OSCE Human Rights Officers of the illegal occupation
by a Kosovo Albanian family and a group of young Kosovo Albanians of two
Kosovo Serb flats in Gnjilane/Gjilan on 23rd and 24th
October. One flat had been empty but the owner of the second was evicted
and forced to move to a Kosovo Serb village.
The Priest of the Orthodox Church of Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice and his
wife were attacked in their vehicle by Kosovo Albanians some 50 metres
from the Orthodox Church when he tried to go the north side of the town.
UNMIK Police intervened and stopped the attack.
Kosovo Albanians attacked Kosovo Serbs working in the battery factory in
south Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice. No one was injured.
A 27-year-old Roma male from Srbobran, Istok/Istog municipality who had
recently returned from Montenegro was allegedly beaten in the 'police'
station of the former UCK. The 'police' allegedly asked him for money and
threatened him. They considered him a Serb collaborator.
A Kosovo Albanian employee of a restaurant in Klina/Kline was served with
a second letter of eviction by the UCK-appointed municipal authorities.
His family occupied an abandoned Kosovo Serb property. In the first incident,
the so-called 'commission for evidence for protection of state and private
property' had included references to KFOR in the eviction letter saying
that if the person did not vacate the premises before a certain date KFOR
would assist in evicting the family. The UCK-appointed director of public
security was told by KFOR that the commission's work was illegal. The second
letter of eviction contained a warning and a deadline of 24 th
hours to leave.
An unknown man riding a bicycle pushed a 56-year-old Muslim Slav woman
to the ground in the centre of Klina/Kline. She was lightly injured. This
incident followed several cases of threats and insults.
A Catholic Albanian male from Karasinderd, Has region, Prizren/Prizren
municipality, claimed that on 9th July he was arrested by UCK
'police' in Prizren/Prizren and held for 27 hours. He was accused of wearing
police uniform but as no eyewitnesses were found he was released. He was
An OSCE Human Rights team in the OSCE Field Office in Strpce/Shterpce interviewed
the relatives of two missing bus drivers who had been unaccounted for since
In Pristina/Prishtine at 08:00 hours a UNHCR Officer witnessed a 50-year-old
male being taunted, hit and kicked by a group of boys aged between 10 and
12 in a busy street in the centre of the town. The UNHCR Officer assisted
the man and UNMIK Police were informed of the incident.
An OSCE Human Rights team received information about a KFOR discovery of
two bodies near Gornji Livoc, Gnjilane/Gjilan municipality. KFOR CID were
dealing with the case.
UNMIK Police informed OSCE Human Rights Officers that a male body had been
found near Vucitrn/Vushtrri (south of Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice) in
the River Lushta. The autopsy indicated that it might be a body of a Muslim
male, killed around 10th October but the body was not identified.
The cause of death was trauma from a fractured skull.
The Commander of the UNMIK Police station south Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice
told the OSCE that an increasing number of complaints were being received
from Kosovo Albanians and Muslim Slavs about harassment when they crossed
the bridge to the Kosovo Serb dominated north. The number of complaints
had increased from five a day to 10 to 15. A Kosovo Albanian who owned
a shop in the north reported that he had found a notice saying that his
business was now taken over by Kosovo Serbs.
The Roma community in the Leposavic (north of Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice)
collective centre reported that they had not yet been able to register
their children at school.
A Kosovo Albanian family in the Pec/Peje municipality claimed that they
received death threats from men dressed in black clothing who claimed to
be members of the 'police' of the former UCK.
Kosovo Serb villagers from Devet Jugovica, a mixed village in Pristina/Prishtine
municipality, reported that they had no freedom of movement to go and buy
food and wood that they needed for winter.
The OSCE in Prizren/Prizren was becoming increasingly concerned about the
likelihood of the 11 alleged Kosovo Serb war criminals from Orahovac/Rrahovec
receiving a fair trial. The OSCE were told by one of the relatives that
they were under the impression that they had to accept the lawyers nominated
by the Court. They asked the OSCE to obtain alternative representation
once it had been pointed out to the relatives that the accused had the
right to the lawyers of their choice. Additionally, the judges, prosecutors,
defence lawyers and all prosecution witnesses would be Kosovo Albanians.
The trials would take place in Prizren/Prizren in an atmosphere unlikely
to be conducive to fair and rational decision making about war crimes.
None of the lawyers, either defence or prosecution had experience in trials
of this magnitude or nature. No applications had been made (as far as OSCE
could ascertain) regarding any preliminary issue, or any challenge to the
propriety of the detentions.
In July a Kosovo Albanian male from Malisevo) was allegedly held in detention
by the UCK in Prizren/Prizren but was released through the intervention
of KFOR. OSCE Human Rights Officers discovered that he was too scared to
return to the village and had since taken refuge in the Prizren/Prizren
Seminary. His brother had been a member of the MUP and the victim fell
under suspicion of being a Serb collaborator. The OSCE was now working
with the UNHCR to find a lasting solution to the case.
A Muslim Slav alleged that he was forced under threat to his life to leave
his apartment in Dragas/Dragash, Gora/Dragashi municipality. The Kosovo
Albanian perpetrators had then changed the lock. The victim strictly forbade
the OSCE to pass any details of the case to UNMIK Police or KFOR indicating
his fear. The concern that other human rights violations do not reach the
OSCE because of threat to the victims, was increasing.
Twenty masked people allegedly went, during the night, to the Roma area
in Orahovac/Rrahovec and looted a house. They reportedly stole everything
and took it away by tractor. The owner was abroad. The Roma community informed
KFOR who investigated.
An OSCE Human Rights team visited the Serbian Church Board Council in Gnjilane/Gjilan.
The Council said that it would give the OSCE a list of all the hand grenade
attacks that had occurred between 22nd and 27th October
in Gnjilane/Gjilan town. The Human Rights team accompanied a member of
the Church Board to two locations in Gnjilane/Gjilan where hand grenades
had been thrown at Kosovo Serb houses on 19th October. The victims
were not present and a follow up visit was scheduled for 28th
An OSCE Human Rights team had a discussion with KFOR Military Police in
Gnjilane/Gjilan about the procedure in cases of eviction from houses and
flats. Reportedly two weeks ago the Military Police received an oral order
that eviction cases were only to be handled by the UN Interim Civil Administration.
In Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice, 4,000 Kosovo Serbs demonstrated peacefully
in front of the University. Speakers said that the Belgrade Government
wanted to transfer former faculties from the Pristina/Prishtine University
to Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice. Students in other parts of Serbia were
called on to support the students in Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice.
Kosovo Serbs blocked the main road from Lesak to Leposavic (north of Kosovska
Mitrovica/Mitrovice) in protest against the abduction of two Kosovo Serbs
in separate incidents on 21st and 23rd October. Negotiations
to get the roadblocks removed were unsuccessful.
A UNHCR convoy carrying 155 Serbs from Orahovac/Rrahovec to Montenegro
ran into serious problems in Pec/Peje. The convoy, under KFOR protection,
split into two sections when a car broke down on the outskirts of Pec/Peje.
The first section by-passed Pec/Peje and reached Montenegro without incident.
The second section missed the turning and travelled into the centre of
Pec/Peje and got caught in a traffic jam. A large crowd of Kosovo Albanians
gathered around the 17 Serb vehicles and began attacking the cars, first
stoning them and then trying to pull the Kosovo Serbs from the vehicles.
KFOR got the occupants into the protection of the UNMIK Police Headquarters
but the 17 vehicles were all burned. The Kosovo Serbs left in buses to
Montenegro under KFOR protection between 23:00 hours and 24:00 hours.
UNMIK Police arrested two Kosovo Albanian men after an incident in Mali
Alas, Lipljan/Lipjan municipality, when a grenade exploded on the roof
of a Roma house. The assailants were suspected of being involved in other
recent grenade attacks on the Roma community in the village.
A hand grenade exploded in the centre of Dragas/Dragash. There were no
injuries reported but the explosion destroyed several windows of a shop.
The owner, a Muslim Slav (Gora/Dragashi) refused to give any detailed information.
He was reported as being very nervous when members of the provisional TMK
A Muslim Slav teacher from Globocica received threats from the self-styled
director of education in Dragas/Dragash. He was told not to teach in Serbian
or he would be unemployed. The teacher had previously asked the parents
in the village which language their children should be taught and 95% had
said Serbian. The self-styled director had considered this action illegal.
An OSCE Human Rights team followed up a KFOR report about a 24-year-old
Kosovo Albanian male reported missing since the 23rd October.
The man was found to have returned home on 26th October but
maintained that he was abducted. He said that he had been in Gnjilane/Gjilan
on 23rd October when a vehicle with three male occupants had
stopped beside him and a man wearing a mask pointed a gun at him and told
him to get into the vehicle. The victim said that the assailants stole
200 German Marks and kept him blindfolded for three days, most of the time
in the vehicle. The perpetrators spoke Albanian.
An OSCE Human Rights team took details from a 32-year-old Kosovo Albanian
male about an incident that allegedly happened in Brasaljce, Gnjilane/Gjilan
municipality, on 10 April. According to the informant three Kosovo Albanians,
one female and two males were killed when the VJ (Yugoslav Army) and paramilitary
forces came to the village. Several other residents were ill-treated and
houses were looted. Allegedly 29 young Kosovo Albanian males who were then
taken for questioning to Partes, Gnjilane/Gjilan municipality.
An OSCE Human Rights team followed up information that human remains had
been found near a house in which two Kosovo Albanian males a 74-year-old
and a 28-year-old (father and son) had last been seen on 19th
April. These two had remained in Petrovce, Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica municipality,
when the rest of the village had left for the border of the former Yugoslav
Republic of Macedonia. OSCE saw bones in the area and a knife believed
to have belonged to one of the missing men. Photographs were taken at the
UNMIK Police dispersed the roadblock between Leposavic and Lesak (north
of Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice). Two persons were taken for questioning.
UNMIK Police Leposavic were threatened that something would happen if the
abducted Kosovo Serbs, the cause of the roadblock (see 27 October) were
not found soon.
An unknown Kosovo Albanian threatened a 52-year-old Muslim Slav) from Grabanica
Unknown persons in Istok/Istog kidnapped a 10-year-old Kosovo Albanian
boy. The men were reportedly driving a Volkswagen. After one hour driving
through the area he was released. According to the boy, he was put on the
backseat of the vehicle with his mouth taped.
Two Kosovo Albanian men tried to abduct a Roma male in Djurakovac (north
east of Pec/Peje). One of the victim's daughters informed KFOR who successfully
intervened. One of the perpetrators was identified and arrested. The family
had been harassed previously.
Members of the Roma community in Podujevo/Podujeve reported to OSCE Human
Rights Officers that they were afraid to return to nearby Batlave because
one individual in their community allegedly collaborated with Kosovo Serb
security forces during the conflict.
An OSCE Human Rights team visited two elderly Kosovo Serb women who had
both allegedly been harassed by neighbours in Prizren/Prizren. They lived
in the same block of flats and both had been robbed in the previous two
weeks. One of the elderly women daily received threatening telephone calls
telling her to leave or be killed.
An OSCE Human Rights team revisited an elderly Kosovo Serb couple who had
previously been attacked and had had KFOR staying in their house for protection.
KFOR had re-deployed the soldiers to provide protection to the Roma area
and the couple were again afraid. They requested transfer to relatives
An OSCE Human Rights team went to Letnica, Vitina/Viti municipality, to
meet representatives of the Croat community. Approximately 350 Croats were
leaving the village on the same day under KFOR escort heading for the capital
of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and then on to Croatia. The
OSCE Human Rights Officers spoke with the Priest and two representatives
of the Croatian Government. They said that the decision to leave had been
made because they felt that with so many threats it was not possible to
survive as a Croat community in a Kosovo Albanian environment. In September
they had written a letter to Croatian President Tudjman who had accepted
their request to live in Croatia.
An OSCE Human Rights team followed up the case of the destruction of Kosovo
Serb property in Kmetovce, Gnjilane/Gjilan municipality, on 26th
October. Six Kosovo Albanian boys, aged between 14 and 16, vandalised the
property and attempted to burn the house down. The victim and some eyewitnesses
recognised the perpetrators as sons of their Albanian neighbours.
OSCE met the UN Regional Administrator to follow up two cases of unlawful
occupation of Kosovo Serb apartments in Gnjilane/Gjilan. Political, humanitarian
and legal aspects of the problem were discussed.
Two representatives of the Gnjilane/Gjilan-based Council of Banished Persons
met An OSCE Human Rights team to express concern about Albanians who had
come into Kosovo from Presevo, Bujanovac and Medvegja. They reported an
incident of alleged provocation by the VJ (Yugoslav Army) in Trnovac on
26th October. They also addressed the problem of former UCK
members from the Bujanovac area who could not leave Kosovo and return safely
to their homes and were not integrated into the provisional TMK or OSCE-trained
Kosovo Police Force.
A 22-year-old Kosovo Serb male reported to an OSCE Human Rights team that
on 12th July his family was told by uniformed UCK to leave the
property within 30 minutes or suffer the consequences. Allegedly that night
the ground floor was set on fire and out-building of the property was destroyed.
The family left Kosovo/Kosova but when the son returned to Kosovska Kamenica/Kamenica
and visited the property, all the doors and windows had been removed and
the roof had collapsed. The neighbouring properties belonged to Kosovo
Three Kosovo Serbs were injured in a shooting incident in Suvi Do, Lipljan/Lipjan
An OSCE Human Rights team received from the Serbian Church Board in Gracanica,
Pristina/Prishtine municipality a comprehensive list of 402 Kosovo Serbs
missing in Kosovo/Kosova between the 13 th June and 31st
August. The list included 50 missing persons from the Gnjilane/Gjilan area;
12 from the Vitina/Viti area; 111 from the Pristina/Prishtine area; four
from Brnjica; seven from Kosovo Polje/Fushe Kosove; 27 from Urosevac/Ferizaj;
15 from Lipljan/Lipjan; 28 from Prizren/Prizren, 17 from Dojnice, Prizren/Prizren
municipality, 17 from Orahovac/Rrahovec, three from Podujevo/Podujeve;
nine from Vucitrn/Vushtrri; 79 from the Pec/Peje area; eight from Klina/Kline;
and 15 from Djakovica/Gjakove.
OSCE Human Rights Officers interviewed the Muslim Slav SDA leader of Kosovo/Kosova
in Vitomirica, Pec/Peje municipality. He considered that the reason for
the attitude of revenge by Kosovo Albanians towards the Muslim Slavs was
that some had co-operated with the Belgrade regime and secondly that Muslim
Slavs 'unfortunately speak Serbo-Croatian and therefore sound like Serbs.'
Eight Kosovo Albanian prisoners held in the local jail in Pec/Peje began
refusing food to draw attention to their plight. They do not have any soap,
sheets or heaters. ICRC was informed. There were 19 prisoners at the jail,
all Kosovo Albanians.
A Roma male from Djurakovac was allegedly 'invited' to the 'police' station
of the former UCK for talks. He refused to go. He did not suffer any reprisals.
At 13:00 hours a Kosovo Serb male reported that his vehicle was forced
off the road and then stolen from him at gunpoint by four Albanian males.
In Lipljan/Lipjan three Kosovo Serb males were injured in the village of
Novo Naselje in a drive-by shooting. The attack immediately provoked the
establishment of roadblocks. The Kosovo Serbs removed them after negotiations
with KFOR during the night.
Muslim Slavs complained that they had been evicted by Kosovo Albanians
from their flats in Dragas/Dragash, Gora/Dragashi municipality. They claimed
that the people occupying their flats had no reason to do so, as their
own houses had not been destroyed.
The local Commander of the provisional TMK allegedly signed an order to
evict someone from a house in Orahovac/Rrahovec. He was questioned by both
KFOR and the UN Interim Civil Administration and was warned by both not
to misuse his position otherwise serious measures would be taken. The Commander
accepted this and stated that it would not happen again.
The language dispute remained one of the major issues in Dragas/Dragash,
Gora/Dragashi municipality. The Muslim Slav director of education had ordered
the local primary school to use the Bosniak version of Serbo-Croat as the
language of instruction but the local Muslim Slav (Gora/Dragashi) community
and UNMIK had stated that Serb-Croat was also a language of instruction.
As a consequence pupils from the Muslim Slav villages of Radesa and Lestane
did not attend school.
A German social worker visited Kosovska Mitrovica/Mitrovice in order to
understand the conditions to which refugees from Germany would return.
During the visit he went to the north of town over the main bridge. About
100 metres after he had crossed the bridge he was stopped by three Kosovo
Serbs who forced him to return to the south of town 'to your friends.'
At 23:00 hours the President of the Serbian Resistance Movement, Executive
Officer of the SNC and member of the UNMIK-organised Kosovo Transitional
Council, was shot at his home by unknown assailants. He was shot through
the door of his apartment and suffered a minor gunshot wound to his upper
right thigh. The assailants were believed to be two Kosovo Albanian males.